7Extreme weather / conditions 1.1. EXTREMESExtreme weather / conditionsExtreme (adj) : 1. very great in degree.ex. He had extreme difficulty in opening the door.2. very unusual and seriousex. Because of extreme weather, the classes were cancelled.Extremely (adv.):Extremely cold/hot weather
81.1. EXTREMES Humid(adj) : 1. when the weather is very wet and hot ex. Antalya is extremely humid in summer, but Ankara is very dry.humid air/climate/atmosphere
91.1. EXTREMES Blizzard (n) : 1. a severe snow storm: ex. We experienced many blizzards last winter.
101.1. EXTREMESDrought (n) : 1. a long period of dry weather when there is not enough water for plants and animals to liveEx. Because of the severe drought, many animals and plants died.Dry (adj) Drought (n)
111.1. EXTREMESA storm hits/ strikesStorm(n) : 1. a period of very bad weather when there is a lot of rain or snow, strong winds, and often lightningex. Twenty people were killed when the storm hit the city.
121.1. EXTREMES Hurricane(n) : 1. a storm that has very strong fast winds and that moves over water
131.1. EXTREMESthick/dense/freezing fogFog(n) : 1. cloudy air near the ground which is difficult to see throughex. It will be a cold night, and there may be a dense fog.Fog (n) Foggy (adj)
141.1. EXTREMESA wind blowsWind(n) : 1. moving air, especially when it moves strongly or quickly.ex. People couldn’t walk as a result of strong wind.Wind(n) Windy (adj.)
151.1. EXTREMESREADING1b. Read the internet news reports. Which situation is the most serious? Why?
16Listen to this British news report about Florida. 1.1. EXTREMESLISTENINGListen to this British news report about Florida.
171.1. EXTREMES It snows in winter. GRAMMAR Action happening now? General fact ?Action happening now?
181.1. EXTREMES He is washing the car at the moment. A regular action / habit?Action happening now?
191.1. EXTREMES The price of gold is decreasing recently. A trend / changing situation ?A regular action?
221.1. EXTREMES What problems does the extreme weather cause? What extreme weather does Turkey have?-hot / sunny days -warm/cloudy days-clear/cold days -cool /cloudy days-hot/humid days -foggy days-windy days -snowy days-stormy days -rainy daysWhich types of weather do / don’t you like? Why / Why not?Do you think Turkey’s weather is changing?
251.2. WINTER Bright (adj.) full of light, shining: Ex. bright sunshine Ex. The lights are too bright in here - they're hurting my eyes.Bright(Adj.)
261.2. WINTER Clear (Adj): 1.(of a substance) transparent; unclouded a stream of clear water2. free of cloud, mist, or rain:the day was fine and clear
271.2. WINTERcloudy (adj): (of the sky or weather) covered with or characterized by clouds:a very grey, cloudy day
281.2. WINTERCold (adj.): at a low temperature, especially when compared with the human body:a freezing cold dayit’s cold outside
291.2. WINTER Cool (adj.): at a fairly low temperature = cold it’ll be a cool afternoonthe wind kept them cool
301.2. WINTER Dark (adj): with little or no light: it’s too dark to see muchDark forest
311.2. WINTER Wet (Adj): covered with water or another liquid she followed, slipping on the wet rocka wet, windy eveningWet clothes
321.2. WINTER Dry (Adj): not wet, with little or no rainfall or humidity Not humidthe West Coast has had two dry winters in a row
331.2. WINTER Firm (adj): not soft but not completely hard: the bed should be reasonably firm, but not too hardI'd rather sleep on a firm mattress than a soft one
341.2. WINTERHot (adj): having a high degree of heat or a high temperatureit was hot inside the halla hot day
351.2. WINTERHumid (adj): marked by a high level of water vapour in the atmospherea hot and humid dayIn summer time, Antalya is humid.
361.2. WINTERMild (adj): moderately warm weather, especially less cold than expected:mild winters
371.2. WINTERRainy (adj): of weather having rainfallA rainy day
381.2. WINTER Snowy (Adj.): covered with snow snowy mountains a snowy January day
391.2. WINTERStormy (Adj.): (of weather) characterized by strong winds and usually rain, thunder, lightning, or snow:a dark and stormy night
401.2. WINTERSunny (adj): bright with sunlighta sunny day
411.2. WINTER Windy (Adj): characterized by or exposed to strong winds a very windy daythe cold, windy hills
421.2. WINTER Reading and Speaking Are there seasons in your country? If so what’s your favorite season? Why?Do you like winter? Why?What do you know about winter in Russia? What do you know about Siberia?
431.2. WINTER Do the exercises on page 8 2a. Read the introduction to the text quickly. Where is the text from?
551.3. SCENARIOLook at the advert below for Double Action Adventures. Why does the company have this name?Would you like to go on one of their trips?1b. Match the activities in the advert to the photos A-J.2a. Read the e mail from the boss of Double Action Adventures. What does he wanthis staff to do?
56Do the exercises on page 11. 1.3. SCENARIOKEY LANGUAGEAGREEINGDISAGREEINGI like chocolate.So do IDo you?I don’t enjoy watching horror movies.Neither do IDon’t you?Do the exercises on page 11.
57Useful Phrases for Speaking What do you think about……?I think it is a good one because …………….What about …?I’m not sure.
581.4. STUDY AND WRITING SKILLS Using your dictionary to understand meaningDo the exercises 1, 2, 3, 4 on page 12.
591.4. STUDY AND WRITING SKILLS Quite (Adv): a little or a lot but not completely:I'm quite tired but I can certainly walk a little further.There was quite a lot of traffic today but yesterday was even busier.It was quite a difficult job.Really (Adv): used to say that something is certain:Thank you, but I really couldn't eat another thing.He's really going to do it this time.
601.4. STUDY AND WRITING SKILLS (p. 12) 5. How important are these things for you in a guidebook? 6. Read the text from a guidebook to Mallorca and aswer the questions.
61Linkers And- addition But- contrast Also- addition When- time linker Find examples of linkers from the text.Do the exercises 7b and 7c.