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The Roaring 1920’s The Jazz Age. Political Issues Part I.

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Presentation on theme: "The Roaring 1920’s The Jazz Age. Political Issues Part I."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Roaring 1920’s The Jazz Age

2 Political Issues Part I

3 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON The Jazz Age Between , there was a brief depression. However, the golden twenties changed the outlook of the American people. Large corporations grew and there was a rise of big business

4 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON Radicals and Bombs Americans Communists were linked with radicals, socialists and anarchists. American-born and upper class like Russian art and literature They advocated freedom of expression They advocated birth control They promoted political freedom

5 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON Radicals and Bombs The Communist Party wanted to overthrow capitalism by mass strikes and education. The Communist Labor Party wanted political action and rule the working class. They bombed public buildings, political offices and homes

6 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON The Red Scare Attorney General Palmer led the raids against anyone who was communist. 249 people were sent back to Russia. Anti-Immigration Laws were established against many people of Italian and Slavic descent

7 The red Scare Attorney General Palmer Protest March

8 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON The Red Scare The Johnson Act limit the amount of people into the country from Eastern and southern Europe The American Civil Liberties Union was created in 1920 to help with rights of minorities who’s rights were being violated.

9 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON American Civil Liberties Union They created this organization because of Red Scare and anti- immigration laws. Attorney General Palmer led the raids on the potential Reds. They protected civil liberties.

10 Sacco-Vanzetti Case Fish peddler Bartolomeo Vanzetti & Nicola Sacco were convicted for robbery and murder of a paymaster and a guard. Both were Italian Immigrants and active anarchists. They were sentenced to death.

11 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON The Sacco-Vanzetti Trial Red Scare and Anti- Immigration Laws affect the court case of The People of Massachusetts v. Sacco and Vanzetti This case represented the intolerance in America

12 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON Prohibition- (18th Amendment) increase of corruption by bootleggers, gangsters and politicians disrespect for the law Volstead Act- law that enforced the 18th amendment. prohibition) People spent their time in speakeasies.

13 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON Scopes Trial- The Monkey Trial Religion vs. Science Use of Charles Darwin’s theories of evolution Origin of species, man evolved from apes Religious leaders stated that God created man 1924, John T. Scopes, a science teacher taught the theory of evolution Clarence Darrow, questioned William Jennings Bryan.

14 THE SCOPES TRIAL John T. Scopes Clarence Darrow and William Jennings Bryan, 1925

15 Economic Issues Part II

16 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON The Depression After World War I, there was an economy downturn. Returning soldiers couldn’t find work. People were buying too many goods on credit Agriculture couldn’t compete with mass production. Value of stock fell and profit and production dropped

17 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON The Depression African-Americans coming from the South who were escaping the Jim Crow Laws couldn’t find work either. Immigrants and left-leaning political activists were targeted and couldn’t get jobs. Women couldn’t find work.

18 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON Flaws in business boom coal mines are failing agriculture couldn’t compete with mass production of goods people were buying too many goods on credit Railroads were in competition with other types of transportation get quick schemes like buying real estate and stock on credit

19 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON Creation of new products that affected how people lived Electricity made life easier for women because of the creation of refrigerators and washing machines. Radio began to broadcast in Nov. of People could afford the radio. Radio united the United States because could hear the same news and sporting events

20 Creation of new products that affected how people lived interchangeable parts made it easy for assembly lines mass production of food and clothes in factories powerful assembly lines

21 Creation of new products that affected how people lived automobiles like the Model T (known as Tin Lizzie)by Henry Ford It allowed people to more mobile. It standardize how Americans lived Buses moved students to one location rather than being isolated in the rural areas.

22 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON The effects of prosperity The new products brought great prosperity for the American people. Great prosperity also brought great social tension. (The have and have nots) Large companies swallowed small businesses.

23 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON Class Assignment Page 1: Create a Mosaic 1o words and ten illustration inside the main drawing Page 3: Summary Paragraph 1: explain the political issues of the 1920’s Paragraph 2: explain the economic issues of the 1920’s

24 Social Issues Part III

25 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON A SENSE OF REBELLION IN SOCIETY protest against conformity, culture and values Jazz was created as a form of rebellion of music Harlem Renaissance -culture explosion by the Blacks. Flappers- women expressing their freedom young people felt out of place- called the lost generation

26 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON Flappers- With the approval of the 19 th Amendment, women felt liberated. They felt economically independent new political freedom women Women had fewer children because of family planning More women were working outside the home Women were attending college.

27 FLAPPERS

28 THE 19 TH AMENDMENT Women were allowed to vote Women felt more independent to exercise their political power

29 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON Rising Influence of Discrimination Racial discrimination against minorities was heighten after World War I Many African-Americans were lynched. Japanese were barred from jobs Rise of the Klu Klux Klan, led by Hiram Wesley Evans. In 1924, 40,000 Klansmen gathered in Washington Dc Racial riots occurred throughout the country.

30 1924 March in DC

31 Marcus Garvey and Black Pride Promoted black pride Formed United Negro Improvement Association Promoted separatism from the US. Blacks should take their money and move back to Africa Convicted of fraud, pardon and sent back to Jamaica

32 Civil Rights Leaders Booker T. Washington promoted economic gains which led to social equality. He was the editor for The Crisis W.E.B. Du Bois pushed for black political influence. He was one of the founders of NAACP. Booker T. Washington WEB Du Bois

33 EMMA GOLDMAN A noted feminist, writer and union leader promoted radical policies defended freedom of speech deported back to Russia Emma Goldman

34 Cultural Issues Part IV

35 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON HARLEM RENAISSANCE decade of musical and literary achievement- Rose Mc Clendon- acted in Deep River and formed the Negro’s People Theater. Claude Mc Kay wrote Home to Harlem Langston Hughes wrote Weary Blues Countee Cullen wrote Color Zora Neale Hurston wrote Their Eyes Were Watching God

36 Rose Mc Clendon- Claude Mc Kay HARLEM RENSAISSANCE Countee Cullen Langston Hughes Zora Neale Hurston

37 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON THE LOST GENERATION haunted by death and destruction of World War I. their stories were bleeked outlook of America. It was coined by Gertude Stein Ernest Hemingway wrote The Sun Also Rises and Farewell to Arms. F. Scott Fitzgerald wrote the Great Gatsby Sinclair Lewis wrote Main Street and Babbit

38 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON THE LOST GENERATION Ernest Hemingway F. Scott Fitzgerald Sinclair Lewis Gertude Stein

39 THE ROLE OF MOVIES Movies untied the American people It shaped popular behavior and values It stimulated consumption by showing the good life. First talking film was the Jazz Singer The lead actor was Al Jolson. Al Jolson

40 Famous People of the 1920’s Charles Lindberg traveled non-stop from New York to Paris rode in the Spirit of St. Louis first celebrity Duke Ellington performed jazz Billie Holiday famous blues singer George Gershwin wrote Rhapsody Blues

41 Famous People of the 1920’s George Gershwin Billie Holiday Charles Lindbergh Duke Ellington Diego Rivera’s Mural

42 FAMOUS People OF 1920’S Paul Robeson one the first African-Americans to perform on Broadway. Bessie Smith & Mamie Smith sang the blues Diego Rivera painted murals about workers and their role in industry Edward Hooper painted New York scenes & the loneliness people felt Jim Thorpe-all-round athletic who played football, won medal in the Olympics, but lost them because he played professional baseball.

43 Famous People of the 1920’s Mamie Smith Diego Rivera Bessie Smith Jim Thorpe Paul Robeson Edward Hooper’s Painting

44 Presidential Administrations Part V

45 HARDING ADMINSTRATION Return to normalcy favored less government pro-business, high tariff, lower taxes pro-isolationism Warren Harding

46 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON SCANDAL AND CORRUPTION Charles Forbes, Veterans Bureau, embezzled money Harry Daugherty, Attorney General, took bribes Teapot Dome- Albert Fall gave leases for oil reserves in Wyoming for low prices.

47 DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN ISSUES Veteran’s Bureau helped the veterans get benefits Washington Conference (1921) disarmament of ships. (Great Britain, US, Japan)- it reduced the number of weapons. Warren Harding

48 STANDARD 11.5 CREATED BY L.CARREON Coolidge Administration Clean up the government Kellogg- Briand Pact - outlaw war however, the law couldn’t be enforced. Calvin Coolidge

49 HOOVER ADMINISTRATION Depression of 1929 changed the United States forever thought the economy would recover naturally prices fell and people lost their jobs Hoover rejected federal relief for the unemployed opposed veterans of receiving W.W.I bonus Herbert Hoover


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