1Why Have Teams Become So Popular? Teams typically outperform individuals.Teams use employee talents better.Teams are more flexible and responsive to changes in the environment.Teams facilitate employee involvement.Teams are an effective way to democratize an organization and increase motivation.
2Team Versus Group: What’s the Difference? Work GroupA group that interacts primarily to share information and to make decisions to help each group member perform within his or her area of responsibility.Work TeamA group whose individual efforts result in a performance that is greater than the sum of the individual inputs.
4A team is a group which shares, and says it shares, a common purpose and recognises that it needs the efforts of every one of its members to achieve this.A team is a team when it sees itself as a team, is going in the team direction, and has worked out its own team ways.
5Why Teams?“Given an impossible task team members will reinforce each other’s confidence as they seek to turn the impossibility into reality.The collective ability to innovate is stronger than that of the individual because the combined brainpower of a team, however small in number, exceeds that of any one person.
6None of us is as smart as all of us Why Teams?None of us is as smart as all of us
7Why Teams?Research shows that 70% of air disasters are caused by failures in team working rather than by individual or mechanical breakdown.
8Why Teams? Teams are an effective way of: - identifying and solving work-related problemsincreasing product qualityspeeding up innovationsimproving performanceachieving better industrial relationsincreasing employee participation.
9Teams - two functions Task function Maintenance function achievement of goals, specific tasks, “production” activities, problem solving, exchange of ideas or information, innovationMaintenance functionsupport, assistance, protection, building of relationships, encouragement, stimulus, reinforcement of beliefs, views etc.
102 Dimensions of Team Effectiveness Task accomplishmentSatisfaction of team membersoutputsefficiencytargets metpersonal successpersonal satisfactionsense of belonging
11Critical Aspects of Team Management Achieve the TaskMaintain the TeamDevelop the Individual
12The high-performing synergy team Alignment of values, mission and processTASKGROUPINDIVIDUAL
13Types of Teams Problem-Solving Teams Groups of 5 to 12 employees from the same department who meet for a few hours each week to discuss ways of improving quality, efficiency, and the work environment.Self-Managed Work TeamsGroups of 10 to 15 people who take on the responsibilities of the work.
14Cross-Functional Teams Employees from about the same hierarchical level, but from different work areas, who come together to accomplish a task.Task forcesCommittees
15Virtual TeamsTeams that use computer technology to tie together physically dispersed members in order to achieve a common goal.Characteristics of Virtual TeamsThe absence of paraverbal and nonverbal cuesA limited social contextThe ability to overcome time and space constraints
18Turning Individuals Into Team Players The ChallengesOvercoming individual resistance to team membership.Countering the influence of individualistic cultures.Introducing teams in an organization that has historically valued individual achievement.Shaping Team PlayersSelecting employees who can fulfill their team roles.Training employees to become team players.Reworking the reward system to encourage cooperative efforts while continuing to recognize individual contributions.
19Chapter Check-Up: Teams You have a team for the case studies & presentation, list five members .Now that you have your list, consider what the composition of your team would look like. How much diversity would there be? Given what we learned in this chapter, what would the pros and cons of your composition be?