Presentation on theme: "Factors that effect trafficking outcomes and vulnerability"— Presentation transcript:
1 Factors that effect trafficking outcomes and vulnerability Why do people migrate?Factors that effect trafficking outcomes and vulnerability
2 Not all exploitation is trafficking….. VulnerableCommunityIf the potential migrant is well- informed and is lucky enough to be associated with people who have no intension of exploiting him/her, the outcome can be very positiveHowever, if the potential migrant is ill-informed or being influenced by criminals who’s intent is to exploit, the outcome can be devastating.Person seekinga better lifeIt is important to note that in addition to these end points, there are many people who migrate and fall somewhere in between these two extremes.For example, a person might be exploited, but not enough to be considered trafficked.Based on a variety of needs and motivations, people make choices related to a possible migrationNot all exploitation is trafficking…..SafeMigrationTraffickingOutcome:Slavery
3 Community vulnerability… To better understand how the migratory process can be directly associated with a trafficking outcome, there are pre-departure factors that need to be taken into consideration. They include…Community vulnerability…Personal motivations and needs…and the influence stakeholders, family members and others have on influencing the potential migrant’s decisions.
4 For example….. Community Vulnerability Each community has a variety of different factors that makes it either more vulnerable or less vulnerable to recruiters/traffickersThe relative alignment of these factors can help predict a community’s vulnerability.For example…..
5 factors helps to predict which communities need more preventive CONSUMERISMSTRONG WEAKPSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING (COMMUNITY)PESSIMISTIC OPTIMISTICECONOMIC SECURITYNO ECONOMIC SECURITY ECONOMIC SECURITYSTABILITY OF COMMUNITY (NO CONFLICTS/DISASTERS)UNSTABLE STABLEHUMAN SECURITYNO HUMAN SECURITY HUMAN SECURITY PRESENTUNDERSTANDING OF TRAFFICKING RISKNO UNDERSTANDING UNDERSTANDINGGEOGRAPHICAL PROXIMITYTRAFFICKING PRESENT TRAFFICKING NOT PRESENTCOMMUNITY VULNERABILTY?When a community’sindicators fall on this endof the spectrum, it isconsidered more vulnerableLikewise, when a community’sindicators fall on this endof the spectrum, it isconsidered less vulnerableUnderstanding thesefactors helps to predictwhich communitiesneed more preventivesupportthan others.This table identifiesseven elementsthat can be used tomeasure communityvulnerability
6 Personal Needs and Motivations Within each community, there are individuals who are predisposed to migrate.For example….While the previous table can give us some indication of which communities are more vulnerable than others, ….A person’s unique individual needs and motivations must also be taken into consideration….
7 to migrate are varied and not always based on negative factors Those who influence the decision to migrate include a variety of people..Note the many reasons why a person might chose to migrate..Motivations and needsto migrate are varied and notalways based on negative factorsDecision InfluencersFamily membersNeighborsPast MigrantsTraffickersCommunity leadersIt is not simply poverty.Understanding the relationship between motivations and those who influence the decisions is essential for understanding how to prevent trafficking from happening
8 Why are these factors important? Because to develop effective prevention programs, we MUST understand what motivates a person to migrate.Assuming that poverty is the main motivating factor is too simplistic and will result in assumptions that will not help to reduce trafficking vulnerability.An analysis of community vulnerability, personal needs and motivations, along with an understanding of who influences a potential migrant, will help to develop the right messages and interventions.