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CheckPoint ™ Number your paper from 1-7, write your name on it, and wait for further instructions. 1.Describe the significance of the Magna Carta, the.

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Presentation on theme: "CheckPoint ™ Number your paper from 1-7, write your name on it, and wait for further instructions. 1.Describe the significance of the Magna Carta, the."— Presentation transcript:

1 CheckPoint ™ Number your paper from 1-7, write your name on it, and wait for further instructions. 1.Describe the significance of the Magna Carta, the English Bill of Rights, and the Mayflower Compact in the relation to the development of government in America [8.28] 2.Describe the principles embedded in the Constitution [8.33]  Popular sovereignty  Federalism  Separation of powers  Checks and balances

2 2. What is federalism? a. A series of articles written in response to the Federalist Papers b.A major political party in the early years of the United States c. A set of powers that belong only to the federal government d. A system in which state and national governments share power 1.In the debate over ratification of the Constitution, the Anti-Federalists most feared aDisorder without a strong national government bA national sales tax cThe establishment of a state [national] religion dGovernment oppression of individual rights and liberties

3 3. Constitutional principle by which the branches of government can limit one another from gaining too much power a. Checks and balances b. Popular sovereignty c. Separation of powers d.federalism 4.The development of government in America was influenced by the Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights because a.They emphasized the rights of common citizens over the rights of nobles and the rich b.They established the principles of popular sovereignty & protection of individual rights, and emphasized the power of Parliament c.They established the principles of checks and balances and separation of powers d.They emphasized the power of the king over the parliament

4 6. The belief that government is subject to the will of the people a. Due process b.Popular sovereignty c. Enumerated powers d. Limited government 5.Constitutional principle by which powers are divided among different branches of the government to ensure that no one branch becomes too powerful a.Checks and balances b.Popular sovereignty c.Separation of powers d.federalism

5 7. According to the above excerpt, for which principle of government is Madison arguing? In order to lay a due foundation for that separate and distinct exercise of the different powers of government, which to a certain extent is admitted on all hands to be essential to the preservation of liberty, it is evident that each department should have a will of its own; and consequently should be so constituted that the members of each should have as little agency as possible in the appointment of the members of the others. -Federalist #51(Madison)

6 CheckPoint ™ TIME IS UP. Put away your pencils and get a red pen. TIME IS UP. Put away your pencils and get a red pen.

7 2. What is federalism? a. A series of articles written in response to the Federalist Papers b.A major political party in the early years of the United States c. A set of powers that belong only to the federal government d. A system in which state and national governments share power 1.In the debate over ratification of the Constitution, the Anti-Federalists most feared aDisorder without a strong national government bA national sales tax cThe establishment of a state [national] religion dGovernment oppression of individual rights and liberties

8 3. Constitutional principle by which each branch of government can limit the power of another a. Checks and balances b. Popular sovereignty c. Separation of powers d.federalism 4.The development of government in America was influenced by the Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights because a.They emphasized the rights of common citizens over the rights of nobles and the rich b.They established the principles of popular sovereignty & protection of individual rights, and the emphasized the power of Parliament c.They established the principles of checks and balances and separation of powers d.They emphasized the power of the king over the parliament

9 6. The belief that government is subject to the will of the people a. Due process b.Popular sovereignty c. Enumerated powers d. Limited government 5.Constitutional principle by which powers are divided among different branches of the government to ensure that no one branch becomes too powerful a.Checks and balances b.Popular sovereignty c.Separation of powers d.federalism

10 7. According to the above excerpt, for which principle of government is Madison arguing? In order to lay a due foundation for that separate and distinct exercise of the different powers of government, which to a certain extent is admitted on all hands to be essential to the preservation of liberty, it is evident that each department should have a will of its own; and consequently should be so constituted that the members of each should have as little agency as possible in the appointment of the members of the others. -Federalist #51(Madison) In Federalist #51, James Madison makes the argument for the Separation of Powers principle as evidenced (demonstrated) by “…each department should have a will of its own;…”.

11 The Constitution: Principles and Change TODAY’S LEARNING OBJECTIVES: 1.Describe the significance of the Magna Carta, the English Bill of Rights, and the Mayflower Compact in the relation to the development of government in America [8.28] 2.Describe the principles embedded in the Constitution [8.33]  Popular sovereignty  Federalism  Separation of powers  Checks and balances INSTRUCTIONS: Read pages : European Influences Read pages 206 – 209: Our Constitution Complete Parts 1 and 2 on your OneSheets ASSIGNMENT: What two European philosophers had the most impact on the US Constitution and why? Answers on half sheet due start of class on Monday

12 How did the Magna Carta, the English Bill of Rights, and the Mayflower Compact influence the development of the government in the United States? 1. _______________________________ (1215). By making the king subject to the law, it established the rule of law for ALL men; No one is above the law and the law must provide protection of certain rights. 2. ________________________________ (1689). By making the Parliament (elected by the people) the supreme law-making body, it established the importance of popular sovereignty and protection of certain rights 3. ______________________ (1620). The FIRST document in the colonies that established guidelines for self-government The Magna Carta The English Bill of Rights The Mayflower Compact

13 What are the some of the most important government principles embedded in the US Constitution and what do they mean? 4. In the Preamble to the US Constitution, the principle foundation of American government is established. What is it and what does it mean? ___________________________________________________________________ _______________ 5. ________________________ is the government system established in the US Constitution where power is shared between ________________________ and state governments. Popular sovereignty. The belief that government is subject to the will of the people. Federalism federal

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15 What are the some of the most important government principles embedded in the US Constitution and what do they mean? 6. Powers that are specifically given to Congress: ____________________________ 7. Powers that belong to the states: ______________________________________ 8. Powers shared by federal and states governments:_________________________ Enumerated [listed] Powers Reserved [not listed] Powers Concurrent (or shared) Powers

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17 What are the some of the most important government principles embedded in the US Constitution and what do they mean? 9. To make sure that no individual or group has too much power, the US Constitution provides for this principle of government that establishes different and limited powers, duties, and responsibilities for each branch of the government __________________________________ 10. The system by which each branch of government limits power of other branches. _____________________________ 11. How does the executive branch check the legislative? ______________________________________________ 12. How does the legislative check the executive? ______________________________________________ 13. How does the Judiciary check both the executive and legislative branches? ______________________________________________ Separation of Powers Checks and Balances It can Veto legislation (laws) Can impeach (remove); override veto; & reject appointments (nominations) Declare laws & actions unconstitutional (judicial review)

18 What two European philosophers had the most impact on the US Constitution and why?

19 The Constitution: Bill of Rights and the Amendment process TODAY’S LEARNING OBJECTIVES: 1.Describe the principles embedded in the Constitution [8.33]  Bill of Rights  Amendment Process

20 What is the Bill of Rights and what is its significance? 1.The first Ten Amendments to the US Constitution a)Written by Madison in 1789 b)Ratified by the states They guarantee basic freedoms and liberties

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23 Describe the amendment process? Congress with a 2/3 vote in each house National constitutional convention called by Congress at the request of 2/3 of state legislatures (has never happened) Legislatures in ¾ of the states Special ratification conventions in ¾ of the states

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25 Questions?


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