Presentation on theme: "Local Government and Human Rights"— Presentation transcript:
1Local Government and Human Rights Feb. 26, 2014Anselmo LEEExecutive DirectorKorea Human Rights Foundation (KHRF)
2Process in UNHRCResearch proposal : concept paper on local government and human rights adopted at the 9th session of the HRCAC (Aug. 2012)Resolution on local government and human rights adopted at the 24th session of the HRC. (Sept. 2013)HRCAC’s report to the 27th session of the HRC (Sept. 2014)
3Main Points in the Resolution (A/HRC/24/L.2) National government has the primary responsibility for the promotion and protection of human rights while local government has a complementary role to play.Local government has different forms and functions in every State in accordance with its constitutional and legal system.The HRCAC is requested to prepare for a research-based report on the role of local government in the promotion and protection of human rights based on the views and inputs from member states and other stake-holders.
4Definition of Local Government A form of public administration as the lower tier ofadministration within a given state.Local governments generally act within powers delegated to them by legislation or directives of the higher level ofgovernment (e.g. central, national, federal government).Local governments exist geographically in urban and rural setting.
5Definition of Local Government Related concepts and terminologies ;Local authority, local administration, local governance, etc.de-centralized, autonomous, self-rule, etc.Sub-national, regional, provisional, communal, grass-roots,State, District, prefecture, province, county, town, etc.City, municipality (urban) vs. village (rural)
6International and regional initiatives 2000 European Charter for the Safeguarding of Human Rights in the City2011 Dec. : Global Charter-Agenda for Human Rights in the City by United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG)2011 May : the 1st World Human Rights Cities Forum (WHRCF), Gwangju, Republic of Korea2012 Dec. : the 1st World Summit of Local Governments for the Right to the City, UCLG Social Inclusion, Participatory Democracy and Human Rights Committee
7Context and background : Why? Demographic change – rapid urbanization and 70% of urban populations in 2050.Local responses to global challenges- Inter-local solidarity and cooperation (UCLG, ICLEI, C40, Mayors for Peace, Slow City, etc.)- Glocalisation (global+local)’,- Glurbanization (global+urban)’, “3) Human rights response to local (urban-rural) challenges- human rights-based approach (HRBA)”- Water and sanitation, literacy, health, etc.
8Context and background : Why? 4) Local implementation of universal human rights- UDHR (1948) -> VDPA (1993) -> UPR (2008-) -> Localizing UDHR- ‘trickle-down’effect- Globalizing human rights from below- responsibility of every individual and every organ of society’
9“Human Rights City”A local community in urban/rural context where humanrights play a key role as the fundamental values andguiding principles for local administration and social, economic-cultural lives of all inhabitants.Two main components.Human rights in the city (geographical)Right to the city (political) Henri Lefebvre
10“Human Rights City” Norms: human rights ordinance, human rights charter, etc.Institutions : Local human rights commission,Human rights office,Ombudsman, etc.Policy: Human Right IndicatorsHuman rights impact assessment and indicatorsHuman rights code of conduct for civil servantHuman rights education
11Proposed contents of the Report Conceptual clarification about local government and ‘human rights city’Framework on the role of local government for human rightsInternational and regional initiativesBest practicesMain trends and challengesRecommendations
12International Expert Workshop on Local Government and Human Rights Date: 15 May 2014Venue: Gwangju, Republic of KoreaOrganized by Metropolitan City of Gwangju andthe Korea Human Rights Foundation (KHRF)Participants : about 20 human rights experts including some members of the HRCACMain agenda : concept and context, international initiatives and good practices, challenges and recommendations, etc.Pre-session before the 4th World Human Rights Cities Forum (16-18 May, 2014)