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Local Government and Human Rights Feb. 26, 2014 Anselmo LEE Executive Director Korea Human Rights Foundation (KHRF) 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Local Government and Human Rights Feb. 26, 2014 Anselmo LEE Executive Director Korea Human Rights Foundation (KHRF) 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Local Government and Human Rights Feb. 26, 2014 Anselmo LEE Executive Director Korea Human Rights Foundation (KHRF) 1

2 Process in UNHRC  Research proposal : concept paper on local government and human rights adopted at the 9 th session of the HRCAC (Aug. 2012)  Resolution on local government and human rights adopted at the 24 th session of the HRC. (Sept. 2013)  HRCAC’s report to the 27 th session of the HRC (Sept. 2014)

3 Main Points in the Resolution (A/HRC/24/L.2)  National government has the primary responsibility for the promotion and protection of human rights while local government has a complementary role to play.  Local government has different forms and functions in every State in accordance with its constitutional and legal system.  The HRCAC is requested to prepare for a research- based report on the role of local government in the promotion and protection of human rights based on the views and inputs from member states and other stake- holders.

4 Definition of Local Government  A form of public administration as the lower tier ofpublic administration administration within a given state.  Local governments generally act within powers delegated to them by legislation or directives of the higher level of government (e.g. central, national, federal government).  Local governments exist geographically in urban and rural setting.

5 Definition of Local Government  Related concepts and terminologies ;  Local authority, local administration, local governance, etc.  de-centralized, autonomous, self-rule, etc.  Sub-national, regional, provisional, communal, grass- roots,  State, District, prefecture, province, county, town, etc.  City, municipality (urban) vs. village (rural)

6 International and regional initiatives  2000 European Charter for the Safeguarding of Human Rights in the City  2011 Dec. : Global Charter-Agenda for Human Rights in the City by United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG)  2011 May : the 1 st World Human Rights Cities Forum (WHRCF), Gwangju, Republic of Korea  2012 Dec. : the 1 st World Summit of Local Governments for the Right to the City, UCLG Social Inclusion, Participatory Democracy and Human Rights Committee

7 Context and background : Why?  Demographic change – rapid urbanization and 70% of urban populations in 2050.  Local responses to global challenges - Inter-local solidarity and cooperation (UCLG, ICLEI, C40, Mayors for Peace, Slow City, etc.) - Glocalisation (global+local)’, - Glurbanization (global+urban)’, “ 3) Human rights response to local (urban-rural) challenges - human rights-based approach (HRBA)” - Water and sanitation, literacy, health, etc.

8 Context and background : Why? 4) Local implementation of universal human rights - UDHR (1948) -> VDPA (1993) -> UPR (2008-) -> Localizing UDHR - ‘trickle-down’effect - Globalizing human rights from below - responsibility of every individual and every organ of society’

9 “Human Rights City”  A local community in urban/rural context where human rights play a key role as the fundamental values and guiding principles for local administration and social, economic-cultural lives of all inhabitants.  Two main components.  Human rights in the city (geographical)  Right to the city (political) Henri Lefebvre

10 “Human Rights City”  Norms: human rights ordinance, human rights charter, etc.  Institutions : Local human rights commission, Human rights office, Ombudsman, etc.  Policy: Human Right Indicators Human rights impact assessment and indicators Human rights code of conduct for civil servant Human rights education

11 Proposed contents of the Report  Conceptual clarification about local government and ‘human rights city’  Framework on the role of local government for human rights  International and regional initiatives  Best practices  Main trends and challenges  Recommendations

12 International Expert Workshop on Local Government and Human Rights  Date: 15 May 2014  Venue: Gwangju, Republic of Korea  Organized by Metropolitan City of Gwangju and the Korea Human Rights Foundation (KHRF)  Participants : about 20 human rights experts including some members of the HRCAC  Main agenda : concept and context, international initiatives and good practices, challenges and recommendations, etc.  Pre-session before the 4 th World Human Rights Cities Forum (16-18 May, 2014)


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