Presentation on theme: "8 th Grade Science Meteorology Review A:B: The sunHumidity C:D: Air massesCyclones #1 Where does Earth get the energy that produces global weather patterns?"— Presentation transcript:
8 th Grade Science Meteorology Review
A:B: The sunHumidity C:D: Air massesCyclones #1 Where does Earth get the energy that produces global weather patterns?
A. The Sun
A:B: No, areas near the equator get more sun, while areas near the poles get less sun Yes, because the Sun heats all parts of the Earth evenly C:D: Both of these Neither of these #2 Do all of the areas on Earth get the same amount of the Sun energy? Why or Why not?
A. No, areas near the equator get more sun, while areas near the poles get less sun
A:B: The Moon phases The Earth’s weather systems C:D: Both of these Neither of these #3 What does the uneven heating of the Earth by the sun cause?
B. The Earth’s Weather systems
A:B: Trade windsWesterlies C:D: Coriolis EffectEasterlies #4 When the Earth’s rotation seems to cause the wind to curve?
C. Coriolis Effect
A:B: Ocean currentConvection current C:D: Conduction currentRadiation current #5 This diagram shows what type of current? These currents produce winds and ocean currents.
B. Convection current
Land Breeze and Sea Breeze Video
A:B: Land breezeSea breeze C:D: uneavenlythoroughly #6 In a., land heats up more rapidly than water during the day. This results in a _____ ______. a. b.
B. Sea breeze
A:B: Land breezeSea breeze C:D: uneavenlythoroughly #7 In b., land cools more rapidly than water during the night. This results in a _____ ______. a. b.
A. Land breeze
A:B: Ocean water absorbs heat during the day Ocean water releases heat at night C:D: Oceans water does not effect climate. A and B #8 How do the oceans moderate the range of daily temperature on Earth?
D. A and B Oceans absorb heat during the day and release energy at night.
A:B: When warm air cools down In the Stratosphere C:D: When cool air warms up None of these #9 Where would clouds form in a convection current
C. When warm air cools down.
Global Winds Song
A:B: StratosphereTroposphere C:D: MesosphereNone of these #10 In what layer of the atmosphere does weather occur?
A:B: WeatherClimate #11 The state of the atmosphere at a specific time or place. C:D: Frontneither
A:B: WeatherClimate #12 Average weather in a region over a long period of time. C:D: FrontNone of these
A:B: Yes. Both are over a long period of time No. Weather is at an exact moment and climate is over a long period of time #13 Are weather and climate the same? Why or Why not? C:D: Stationary frontOccluded front
B. No. Weather is at an exact moment and climate is over a long period of time.
A:B: Global windsPrevailing westerlies C:D: Surface windsPolar jet stream #14 What are responsible for the movement of much of the weather across the United States?
B. Prevailing westerlies
Weather Fronts Video
A:B: Stationary frontCold front C:D: Warm frontNone of these #15 Which is likely to produce thunderstorms?
B. Cold front
A:B: Weather frontsLow pressure C:D: Humidity systemsNone of these #16 Symbols 1 – 4 in the diagram are symbols representing different types of _______ _______. COLD WARM STATIONARY OCCLUDED
A. Weather fronts
A:B: Dew pointcumulus C:D: Air massfront #17 The place where two air masses meat.
A:B: Heavy rains on top of the mountains Dry weather on top of the mountains C:D: BothNeither #18 Air ascending, then descending over Mountains causes _________________.
A. Heavy rains on top of the mountains
A:B: Dew pointhumidity #19 Mountains, large bodies of water, ocean currents, latitude, and altitude are all geological features that affect __________ C:D: frontsclimate
A:B: frontshumidity C:D: Dew pointwinds #20 Larger differences in temperature and pressure mean stronger ______
Ocean Currents video
A:B: The current prevents sunlight from reaching Iceland. The current causes Iceland’s climate to be colder. C:D: The current causes Iceland’s climate to be warmer. The current carries cold water to Iceland. Iceland #21 According to this diagram, how does the Gulf Stream probably affect Iceland?
C. The current causes Iceland’s climate to be warmer.
A:B: near the equator near the polar regions C:D: NeitherBoth #22 Most ocean currents originate __________ where the ocean is warmest.
A. Near the equator
A:B: Cool cold ocean currents cause coastal temperatures to cool Warm ocean currents cause coastal temperatures to warm C:D: NeitherBoth #23 How do ocean currents effect the climate of coastal areas?
What causes Hurricanes? Video
A:B: Currents carry warm water along the ocean surface Evaporating water provide energy in the atmosphere C:D: Rising tides cause the ocean surface to become cooler None of these #24 Which of these explains how energy is transferred from the ocean to a hurricane?
B. Evaporating water provides energy in the atmosphere
A:B: where oceans are coolest where oceans are warmest C:D: where landmasses are the largest None of these #25 Hurricanes most often occur ______________?
B. where oceans are warmest.
A:B: The ocean heats the atmosphere above it. The ocean provides heat energy for thunderstorms #26 How does the ocean affect Earth’s climate during the summer in coastal regions. C:D: The ocean heats up the rock and soil on the land. The ocean helps to cool coastal regions.
D. The ocean helps to cool coastal regions.
Great Job!!!! Great Job!!!! Thank you for playing! Thank you for playing!