Presentation on theme: "Earth Day or Doomsday? You Decide!. This woman is credited with starting the environmental movement with her last book published in 1962 shortly before."— Presentation transcript:
This woman is credited with starting the environmental movement with her last book published in 1962 shortly before her death while fighting breast cancer
What was the title of her book? 1.Earth in the Balance 2.The Population Bomb 3.Cosmos 4.Silent Spring 5.The Living Planet
And the author of Silent Spring is: 1.Virginia Woolf 2.Jane Austin 3.Rachel Carson 4.Ayn Rand 5.Pearl S. Buck
“Silent Spring was a cry in the wilderness that changed history.” Al Gore
Carson was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Jimmy Carter.Presidential Medal of Freedom Jimmy Carter
What year was the first Earth Day celebrated? 1.1960 2.1970 3.1974 4.1984 5.2000
Five months before Earth Day, on Sunday, November 30, 1969, The New York Times carried a lengthy article by Gladwin Hill reporting on the astonishing proliferation of environmental events: "Rising concern about the environmental crisis is sweeping the nation's campuses with an intensity that may be on its way to eclipsing student discontent over the war in Vietnam...a national day of observance of environmental problems...is being planned for next spring...when a nationwide environmental 'teach- in'...coordinated from the office of Senator Gaylord Nelson is planned...."
What year was the Environmental Protection Agency established? EPA 1.1960 2.1970 3.1974 4.1980 5.1994
William D. Ruckelshaus being sworn in by President Nixon, Dec. 1970
What is the current, best estimate of the world’s human population? 1.5,000,000,000 2.6,000,000,000 3.7,000,000,000 4.8,000,000,000 5.9,000,000,000
The population of the U.S? 1.30,000,000 2.300,000,000 3.313,381,218 4.375,856,361 5.401,934,806
And it grows in the U.S. at the rate of 4 more every minute! For the world its 38x that! 220,000 more every day! 6,600,000 every month!! 80,300,000 every year!!!
Edward Abbey, environmentalist and author of “The Monkey Wrench Gang” proposed this for voluntary birth control: 1.Free birth control pills 2.Increased taxation instead of deductions for children in the household. 3.A brand new Ford Mustang in exchange for reversible sterilization at the age of puberty 4.Free abortions 5.Permanent sterilization for the poor and underprivileged.
Five Ways to Stabilize Population Growth Contraceptives Literacy Sex Ed Gender Equality Dynamic Development
Four Other Ways! Starvation Disease War Natural Disasters
Contraceptives The U.N. Population Fund estimates that 215 million women worldwide who desire modern contraceptives are deprived of them. Access to contraceptives would reduce unintended pregnancies by more than two-thirds, from 75 million to 22 million per year, and save $5.1 billion in pre- and postnatal healthcare.
Literacy There’s an inverse relationship between literacy and fertility rates. Literate women tend to have smaller, healthier families with dramatically decreased infant-mortality rates. Educated women also have increased access to economic opportunities and are less likely to bear children before they can afford to.
Sex Ed Nearly half of the world’s population is under age 25, which means that Generation Z’s reproductive decisions will reverberate for years to come. Comprehensive sex ed is an important step toward limiting teen pregnancy. By having a child, an American woman increases her CO2 legacy six-fold.
Gender Equality In many cultures, women are deprived of essential human rights. They lack suffrage, education, and control over their own fertility. Plus, child brides are less likely to exercise decision- making power because of their economic dependency. Female empowerment is essential to slowing population growth.
Dynamic Development In societies in tropical wilderness areas, where welfare is tied directly to the land, aid groups are promoting a development approach called population, health, and environment (PHE), which integrates improved access to health services with models for sustainable resource use.
When was the Endangered Species Act passed into law? 1.1960 2.1970 3.1973 4.1980 5.1984
I HAVE today signed S. 1983, the Endangered Species Act of 1973. At a time when Americans are more concerned than ever with conserving our natural resources, this legislation provides the Federal Government with needed authority to protect an irreplaceable part of our national heritage—threatened…………
What species was involved in the first case challenging the Endangered Species Act to make it to the U.S. Supreme Court? 1. Bald Eagle 2. Alligator 3. Bison (Buffalo) 4.Passenger Pigeon 5.Snail Darter (fish)
The number one greenhouse gas in quantity and Infra-red reflectivity is: 1.H20 Water 2.CO2 Carbon dioxide 3.NO2 Nitrous oxide 4.CH4 Methane 5.O3 Ozone
Which product requires the most water to produce? 1.One glass of wine 2.One pint of beer 3.One glass of milk 4.8 oz. pack of M&M’s 5.Quarter pound of ground beef
Water Footprints of Common Foods ProductAmount in Gallons 1 cup of tea8.6 US gal 1 imperial pint of beer42.3 US gal 1 glass of wine31.7 US gal 1 glass of milk52.8 US gal 1 kilogram (2.2 lb) of beef3,962.6 US gal (450 gal. ¼ lb.) 1 kilogram (2.2 lb) of poultry1,585.0 US gal 250 grams (8.8 oz) packet of M&M's M&M's 304.6 US gal 575 grams (20.3 oz) jar of Dolmio pasta sauce Dolmio 53.4 US gal
Greenhouse Gas Formula Contribution Water vapor H2O 36 – 72 % Carbon dioxide CO2 9 – 26 % Methane CH4 4 - 9 % Ozone O3 3 – 7 %
When was the last major extinction of life forms on the planet (75%) 1.65 million yrs. ago 2.10,000 yrs. ago 3.500 yrs. Ago (~1492) 4.Present Day happening NOW!
If present trends continue one half of all species of life on earth will be extinct in less than 100 years, as a result of habitat destruction, pollution, invasive species, and climate change.
The Current Mass Extinction: Human beings are currently causing the greatest mass extinction of species since the extinction of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago.
The agreement, known as the Nagoya Protocol, sets a goal of cutting the current extinction rate by half or more by 2020. The earth is losing species at 100 to 1,000 times the historical average, according to scientists who call the current period the worst since the dinosaurs were lost 65 million years ago.losing species at 100 to 1,000 times the historical average
Mass Extinction Underway, Majority of Biologists Say! "The speed at which species are being lost is much faster than any we've seen in the past -- including those [extinctions] related to meteor collisions," said Daniel Simberloff, a University of Tennessee ecologist and prominent expert in biological diversity who participated in the museum's survey. [Note: the last mass extinction caused by a meteor collision was that of the dinosaurs, 65 million years ago.]
In the year 2032 do you think the planet will be: 1.In overall better health 2.About the same 3.Worse 4.Doomsday scenario: starvation, disease, polluted water, no more fossil fuels, etc. The end of civilization as we now know it!