2WHAT ARE RAINFORESTS?Tropical rainforests are characterized in two words: warm and wet. Tropical rainforests are forests with tall trees, warm climates, and lots of rain. In some rainforests it rains more than one inch nearly every day of the year!
3WHERE ARE RAINFORESTS LOCATED? Rainforests are found in the tropics, just above and below the Equator . In this tropic zone the sun is very strong and shines about the same amount of time every day all year long, keeping the climate warm and relatively stable.
4INTERESTING FACTS Forests are more than 65 million years old Rainforests have 170,000 of the world’s 250,000 known plant species.Half of Earth's freshwater is stored in the rain forestsRain forests absorb almost half the rainfall and the phasing it into rivers, lakes, oceansTropical forests play a crucial role in regulating climate
5FLORA AND FAUNAMore than half of the world's species of plants and animals are found in the rainforest.Rainforests support a very broad array of fauna, including mammals, reptiles and birds.
6They generally don’t watch TV, use the Internet, or play video games They generally don’t watch TV, use the Internet, or play video games. Kids in the rainforest do many of the same things we probably do. They play with friends, help their families, and go to school. Since “rainforest kids” live closer to nature than the average Europen child, they learn things that are helpful in the environment around them. From an early age many children learn how to fish, hunt, and collect materials and food from the forest.
7Rainforests are often called the lungs of the planet for their role in absorbing carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, and producing oxygen. Rainforests: help stabilize the world’s climate;provide a home to many plants and animals;maintain the water cycleprotect against flood, drought, and erosion;are a source for medicines and foods;support tribal people;are an interesting place to visit;
8HOW CAN WE SAVE RAINFORESTS? Teach others about the importance of the environment and how they can help save rainforests.Restore damaged ecosystems by planting trees on land where forests have been cut down.Encourage people to live in a way that doesn't hurt the environmentEstablish parks to protect rainforests and wildlifeSupport companies that operate in ways that minimize damage to the environment
9According to World Bank data, since the 1970th till nowadays has destroyed approximately km2 of rain forest - it is so large area like France and Portugal together. While the international independent organization "Greenpeace" estimate that annually destroys approximately 25,000 to 30,000 km 2, which is half of the territory of Latvia.At present rates, tropical rainforests would be logged out in 10 years
10Another factor causing the loss of rainforest is expanding urban areas. We are cutting down rainforests for many reasons:wood for both timber and making fires;agriculture for both small and large farms;land for poor farmers who don’t have anywhere else to live;grazing land for cattle;pulp for making paper;road construction;extraction of minerals and energy.Rainforests are also threatened by climate
11HOW CAN WE SAVE RAINFORESTS? Teach others about the importance of the environment and how they can help save rainforests.Restore damaged ecosystems by planting trees on land where forests have been cut down.Encourage people to live in a way that doesn't hurt the environmentEstablish parks to protect rainforests and wildlifeSupport companies that operate in ways that minimize damage to the environment
12THANK YOU! Paldies! mulţumesc Bлагодаря Ačiū Dank u Teşekkür ederim KÖSZÖNÖM!THANK YOU!AčiūTeşekkür ederimDank u