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Regents Earth Science Miss Wojdan. 1. To an observer in New York State, Polaris is always located above the northern horizon at an altitude of: A. 23⁰.

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Presentation on theme: "Regents Earth Science Miss Wojdan. 1. To an observer in New York State, Polaris is always located above the northern horizon at an altitude of: A. 23⁰."— Presentation transcript:

1 Regents Earth Science Miss Wojdan

2 1. To an observer in New York State, Polaris is always located above the northern horizon at an altitude of: A. 23⁰ B. 43⁰ C. 66⁰ D. 74⁰

3 1. To an observer in New York State, Polaris is always located above the northern horizon at an altitude of: A. 23⁰ B. 43⁰ C. 66⁰ D. 74⁰

4 2. When the time of day for a certain ship at sea is 12 noon, the time of day at the prime meridian (0° longitude) is 6 P.M. What is the ship’s longitude? A. 45⁰W B. 45⁰E C. 90⁰W D. 90⁰E

5 2. When the time of day for a certain ship at sea is 12 noon, the time of day at the prime meridian (0° longitude) is 6 P.M. What is the ship’s longitude? A. 45⁰W B. 45⁰E C. 90⁰W D. 90⁰E

6 3. Earth’s hydrosphere is best described as the: A. Solid outer layer of Earth B. Liquid outer layer of Earth C. Liquid layer located below Earth’s crust D. Gaseous layer located above Earth’s crust

7 3. Earth’s hydrosphere is best described as the: A. Solid outer layer of Earth B. Liquid outer layer of Earth C. Liquid layer located below Earth’s crust D. Gaseous layer located above Earth’s crust

8 4. What is the most abundant element in the Earth’s atmosphere? A. Nitrogen B. Oxygen C. Silicon D. Carbon Dioxide

9 4. What is the most abundant element in the Earth’s atmosphere? A. Nitrogen B. Oxygen C. Silicon D. Carbon Dioxide

10 5. The solar time difference between Points A and B is: A. 1 hour B. 2 hours C. 5 hours D. 12 hours

11 5. The solar time difference between Points A and B is: A. 1 hour B. 2 hours C. 5 hours D. 12 hours

12 6. An observer watching a sailing ship at sea notes that the ship appears to be “sinking” as it moves away. Which statement best explains this observation? A. The surface of the ocean has depressions B. The Earth has a curved surface C. The Earth is rotating D. The Earth is revolving

13 6. An observer watching a sailing ship at sea notes that the ship appears to be “sinking” as it moves away. Which statement best explains this observation? A. The surface of the ocean has depressions B. The Earth has a curved surface C. The Earth is rotating D. The Earth is revolving

14 7. At which location would an observer find the greatest force due to Earth’s gravity? A. North Pole B. Equator C. New York State D. Prime Meridian

15 7. At which location would an observer find the greatest force due to Earth’s gravity? A. North Pole B. Equator C. New York State D. Prime Meridian

16 8. The latitude of a point in the Northern Hemisphere may be determined by measuring the: A. Apparent diameter of Polaris B. Apparent diameter of the Sun C. Altitude of the Sun D. Altitude of Polaris

17 8. The latitude of a point in the Northern Hemisphere may be determined by measuring the: A. Apparent diameter of Polaris B. Apparent diameter of the Sun C. Altitude of the Sun D. Altitude of Polaris

18 9. The true shape of the Earth is best described as: A. An oblate spheroid B. A perfect circle C. A perfect ellipse D. A slightly eccentric ellipse

19 9. The true shape of the Earth is best described as: A. An oblate spheroid B. A perfect circle C. A perfect ellipse D. A slightly eccentric ellipse

20 10. Compared to Earth’s crust, Earth’s core is believed to be: A. Less dense, cooler, and composed of more iron B. Less dense, hotter, and composed of less iron C. More dense, hotter, and composed of more iron D. More dense, cooler, and composed of less iron

21 10. Compared to Earth’s crust, Earth’s core is believed to be: A. Less dense, cooler, and composed of more iron B. Less dense, hotter, and composed of less iron C. More dense, hotter, and composed of more iron D. More dense, cooler, and composed of less iron

22 11. The interior of Earth between a depth of 5,200 km and 6,300 km is inferred to be composed mainly of A. Silicon and Iron B. Silicon and Oxygen C. Iron and Lead D. Iron and Nickel

23 11. The interior of Earth between a depth of 5,200 km and 6,300 km is inferred to be composed mainly of A. Silicon and Iron B. Silicon and Oxygen C. Iron and Lead D. Iron and Nickel

24 12. The diagram below shows latitude measurements every 10 degrees and longitude measurements every 15 degrees. What is the latitude and longitude of Point X? A. 40⁰S 45⁰E B. 50⁰N 45⁰W C. 60⁰S 30⁰W D. 75⁰N 30⁰E

25 12. The diagram below shows latitude measurements every 10 degrees and longitude measurements every 15 degrees. What is the latitude and longitude of Point X? A. 40⁰S 45⁰E B. 50⁰N 45⁰W C. 60⁰S 30⁰W D. 75⁰N 30⁰E

26 13. What is the approximate rate of Earth’s rotation? A. 1⁰ per day B. 1⁰ per year C. 15⁰ per day D. 15⁰ per hour

27 13. What is the approximate rate of Earth’s rotation? A. 1⁰ per day B. 1⁰ per year C. 15⁰ per day D. 15⁰ per hour

28 14. There is a 4-hour solar time difference between locations A and B. What is the difference in longitude between locations A and B? A. 15⁰ B. 23.5⁰ C. 45⁰ D. 60⁰

29 14. There is a 4-hour solar time difference between locations A and B. What is the difference in longitude between locations A and B? A. 15⁰ B. 23.5⁰ C. 45⁰ D. 60⁰

30 15. Which inference about tides is best made from this graph? A. The hourly rate of tidal change is always the same B. The rate of tidal change is greatest at high tide C. The tidal change is a random event D. The tidal change is cyclic

31 15. Which inference about tides is best made from this graph? A. The hourly rate of tidal change is always the same B. The rate of tidal change is greatest at high tide C. The tidal change is a random event D. The tidal change is cyclic

32 16. In which direction does each of the rivers flow? A. The Sapphire River and the Garnet River both flow east B. The Sapphire River and the Garnet River both flow west C. The Sapphire River flows east and the Garnet River flows west D. The Sapphire River flows west and the Garnet River flows east

33 16. In which direction does each of the rivers flow? A. The Sapphire River and the Garnet River both flow east B. The Sapphire River and the Garnet River both flow west C. The Sapphire River flows east and the Garnet River flows west D. The Sapphire River flows west and the Garnet River flows east

34 17. What is the gradient between Points X and Y, if the distance between them is 2 km? A. 40 m/km B. 80 m/km C. 100 m/km D. 120 m/km

35 17. What is the gradient between Points X and Y, if the distance between them is 2 km? A. 40 m/km B. 80 m/km C. 100 m/km D. 120 m/km

36 18. What is the highest possible elevation of this mountain top? A. 499 ft B. 419 ft C. 401 ft D. 420 ft

37 18. What is the highest possible elevation of this mountain top? A. 499 ft B. 419 ft C. 401 ft D. 420 ft

38 19. An isobar is a line on the map which connects points of equal A. Temperature B. Pressure C. Elevation D. Rainfall

39 19. An isobar is a line on the map which connects points of equal A. Temperature B. Pressure C. Elevation D. Rainfall

40 20. How are latitude and longitude lines drawn on a globe of the Earth? A. Latitude lines are parallel and longitude lines meet at the poles B. Latitude lines are parallel and longitude lines meet at the equator C. Longitude lines are parallel and latitude lines meet at the equator D. Longitude lines are parallel and latitude lines meet at the poles

41 20. How are latitude and longitude lines drawn on a globe of the Earth? A. Latitude lines are parallel and longitude lines meet at the poles B. Latitude lines are parallel and longitude lines meet at the equator C. Longitude lines are parallel and latitude lines meet at the equator D. Longitude lines are parallel and latitude lines meet at the poles

42 21. From which set of polar and equatorial diameters can the actual shape of the Earth be inferred? A. Polar diameter = 12,714 km Equatorial diameter = 12,714 km B. Polar diameter = 12,714 km Equatorial diameter = 12,756 km C. Polar diameter = 12,756 km Equatorial diameter = 12,756 km D. Polar diameter = 12,756 km Equatorial diameter = 12,714 km

43 21. From which set of polar and equatorial diameters can the actual shape of the Earth be inferred? A. Polar diameter = 12,714 km Equatorial diameter = 12,714 km B. Polar diameter = 12,714 km Equatorial diameter = 12,756 km C. Polar diameter = 12,756 km Equatorial diameter = 12,756 km D. Polar diameter = 12,756 km Equatorial diameter = 12,714 km

44 22. The time at Point X is closest to A. 6 a.m. B. 12 noon C. 6 p.m. D. 12 midnight

45 22. The time at Point X is closest to A. 6 a.m. B. 12 noon C. 6 p.m. D. 12 midnight

46 23. What two parts of the Earth’s interior are considered to be part of the lithosphere? A. Asthenosphere and Stiffer Mantle B. Asthenosphere and Rigid Mantle C. Crust and Stiffer Mantle D. Crust and Rigid Mantle

47 23. What two parts of the Earth’s interior are considered to be part of the lithosphere? A. Asthenosphere and Stiffer Mantle B. Asthenosphere and Rigid Mantle C. Crust and Stiffer Mantle D. Crust and Rigid Mantle

48 24. Which of the layers of the Earth’s interior is liquid and not a solid? A. Crust B. Mantle C. Outer Core D. Inner Core

49 24. Which of the layers of the Earth’s interior is liquid and not a solid? A. Crust B. Mantle C. Outer Core D. Inner Core

50 25. It is solar noon at location X. At which location will solar noon next occur? A. AB. BC. CD. D

51 25. It is solar noon at location X. At which location will solar noon next occur? A. AB. BC. CD. D

52 26. In which two Earth regions is oxygen the second most abundant element by volume? A. Crust and Hydrosphere B. Crust and Core C. Hydrosphere and Troposphere D. Troposphere and Core

53 26. In which two Earth regions is oxygen the second most abundant element by volume? A. Crust and Hydrosphere B. Crust and Core C. Hydrosphere and Troposphere D. Troposphere and Core

54 27. What is the approximate latitude and longitude of the sunken ship? A. 20.5⁰N 70⁰EC. 20.5⁰S 70⁰E B. 20.5⁰N 70⁰WD. 20.5⁰S 70⁰W

55 27. What is the approximate latitude and longitude of the sunken ship? A. 20.5⁰N 70⁰EC. 20.5⁰S 70⁰E B. 20.5⁰N 70⁰WD. 20.5⁰S 70⁰W

56 28. Which celestial object is shown in the photograph near the center of the star trails? A. The Sun B. The Moon C. Sirius D. Polaris

57 28. Which celestial object is shown in the photograph near the center of the star trails? A. The Sun B. The Moon C. Sirius D. Polaris

58 29. What is the approximate latitude and longitude of Oswego, NY? A. 43⁰25’ N76⁰30’W B. 44⁰35’N77⁰30’W C. 76⁰30’N43⁰25’W D. 77⁰30’N44⁰35’W

59 29. What is the approximate latitude and longitude of Oswego, NY? A. 43⁰25’ N76⁰30’W B. 44⁰35’N77⁰30’W C. 76⁰30’N43⁰25’W D. 77⁰30’N44⁰35’W

60 30. Which city in NYS has a latitude and longitude of 42⁰05’N, 75⁰55’W, respectively? A. Elmira B. Binghamton C. Buffalo D. Old Forge

61 30. Which city in NYS has a latitude and longitude of 42⁰05’N, 75⁰55’W, respectively? A. Elmira B. Binghamton C. Buffalo D. Old Forge

62 31. At which New York State location would an observer measure the highest altitude of Polaris? A. New York City B. Slide Mountain C. Niagara Falls D. Plattsburgh

63 31. At which New York State location would an observer measure the highest altitude of Polaris? A. New York City B. Slide Mountain C. Niagara Falls D. Plattsburgh

64 32. A scientist places a plastic block in a stream at 1 p.m. By 5 p.m., the block had traveled 25 miles. What is the block’s rate of flow? A. 4.5 mi./hr. B. 5.0 mi./hr. C. 6.3 mi./hr. D. 7.2 mi./hr.

65 32. A scientist places a plastic block in a stream at 1 p.m. By 5 p.m., the block had traveled 25 miles. What is the block’s rate of flow? A. 4.5 mi./hr. B. 5.0 mi./hr. C. 6.3 mi./hr. D. 7.2 mi./hr.

66 33. Which contour interval is used on both topographic maps? A. 10 ft B. 20 ft C. 30 ft D. 40 ft

67 33. Which contour interval is used on both topographic maps? A. 10 ft B. 20 ft C. 30 ft D. 40 ft

68 34. What evidence can be used to determine that the land surface in the northeast corner of the map is relatively flat? A. A rapidly flowing river B. A large region covered by water C. The dark contour line labeled 300 D. The absence of many contour lines

69 34. What evidence can be used to determine that the land surface in the northeast corner of the map is relatively flat? A. A rapidly flowing river B. A large region covered by water C. The dark contour line labeled 300 D. The absence of many contour lines


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