# Unit 1 – Earth’s Dimensions Review

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Unit 1 – Earth’s Dimensions Review
Regents Earth Science Miss Wojdan

To an observer in New York State, Polaris is always located above the northern horizon at an altitude of: A. 23⁰ B. 43⁰ C. 66⁰ D. 74⁰

To an observer in New York State, Polaris is always located above the northern horizon at an altitude of: A. 23⁰ B. 43⁰ C. 66⁰ D. 74⁰

When the time of day for a certain ship at sea is 12 noon, the time of day at the prime meridian (0° longitude) is 6 P.M. What is the ship’s longitude? A. 45⁰W B. 45⁰E C. 90⁰W D. 90⁰E

When the time of day for a certain ship at sea is 12 noon, the time of day at the prime meridian (0° longitude) is 6 P.M. What is the ship’s longitude? A. 45⁰W B. 45⁰E C. 90⁰W D. 90⁰E

Earth’s hydrosphere is best described as the:
A. Solid outer layer of Earth B. Liquid outer layer of Earth C. Liquid layer located below Earth’s crust D. Gaseous layer located above

Earth’s hydrosphere is best described as the:
A. Solid outer layer of Earth B. Liquid outer layer of Earth C. Liquid layer located below Earth’s crust D. Gaseous layer located above

What is the most abundant element in the Earth’s atmosphere?
A. Nitrogen B. Oxygen C. Silicon D. Carbon Dioxide

What is the most abundant element in the Earth’s atmosphere?
A. Nitrogen B. Oxygen C. Silicon D. Carbon Dioxide

The solar time difference between Points A and B is:
A. 1 hour B. 2 hours C. 5 hours D. 12 hours

The solar time difference between Points A and B is:
A. 1 hour B. 2 hours C. 5 hours D. 12 hours

An observer watching a sailing ship at sea notes that the ship appears to be “sinking” as it moves away. Which statement best explains this observation? A. The surface of the ocean has depressions B. The Earth has a curved surface C. The Earth is rotating D. The Earth is revolving

An observer watching a sailing ship at sea notes that the ship appears to be “sinking” as it moves away. Which statement best explains this observation? A. The surface of the ocean has depressions B. The Earth has a curved surface C. The Earth is rotating D. The Earth is revolving

At which location would an observer find the greatest force due to Earth’s gravity?
A. North Pole B. Equator C. New York State D. Prime Meridian

At which location would an observer find the greatest force due to Earth’s gravity?
A. North Pole B. Equator C. New York State D. Prime Meridian

The latitude of a point in the Northern Hemisphere may be determined by measuring the:
A. Apparent diameter of Polaris B. Apparent diameter of the Sun C. Altitude of the Sun D. Altitude of Polaris

The latitude of a point in the Northern Hemisphere may be determined by measuring the:
A. Apparent diameter of Polaris B. Apparent diameter of the Sun C. Altitude of the Sun D. Altitude of Polaris

The true shape of the Earth is best described as:
A. An oblate spheroid B. A perfect circle C. A perfect ellipse D. A slightly eccentric ellipse

The true shape of the Earth is best described as:
A. An oblate spheroid B. A perfect circle C. A perfect ellipse D. A slightly eccentric ellipse

Compared to Earth’s crust, Earth’s core is believed to be:
A. Less dense, cooler, and composed of more iron B. Less dense, hotter, and composed of less iron C. More dense, hotter, and composed of more iron D. More dense, cooler, and composed of less iron

Compared to Earth’s crust, Earth’s core is believed to be:
A. Less dense, cooler, and composed of more iron B. Less dense, hotter, and composed of less iron C. More dense, hotter, and composed of more iron D. More dense, cooler, and composed of less iron

A. Silicon and Iron B. Silicon and Oxygen C. Iron and Lead
The interior of Earth between a depth of 5,200 km and 6,300 km is inferred to be composed mainly of A. Silicon and Iron B. Silicon and Oxygen C. Iron and Lead D. Iron and Nickel

A. Silicon and Iron B. Silicon and Oxygen C. Iron and Lead
The interior of Earth between a depth of 5,200 km and 6,300 km is inferred to be composed mainly of A. Silicon and Iron B. Silicon and Oxygen C. Iron and Lead D. Iron and Nickel

The diagram below shows latitude measurements every 10 degrees and longitude measurements every 15 degrees. What is the latitude and longitude of Point X? A. 40⁰S 45⁰E B. 50⁰N 45⁰W C. 60⁰S 30⁰W D. 75⁰N 30⁰E

The diagram below shows latitude measurements every 10 degrees and longitude measurements every 15 degrees. What is the latitude and longitude of Point X? A. 40⁰S 45⁰E B. 50⁰N 45⁰W C. 60⁰S 30⁰W D. 75⁰N 30⁰E

What is the approximate rate of Earth’s rotation?
A. 1⁰ per day B. 1⁰ per year C. 15⁰ per day D. 15⁰ per hour

What is the approximate rate of Earth’s rotation?
A. 1⁰ per day B. 1⁰ per year C. 15⁰ per day D. 15⁰ per hour

There is a 4-hour solar time difference between locations A and B
There is a 4-hour solar time difference between locations A and B. What is the difference in longitude between locations A and B? A. 15⁰ B ⁰ C. 45⁰ D. 60⁰

There is a 4-hour solar time difference between locations A and B
There is a 4-hour solar time difference between locations A and B. What is the difference in longitude between locations A and B? A. 15⁰ B ⁰ C. 45⁰ D. 60⁰

A. The hourly rate of tidal change is always the same B. The rate of tidal change is greatest at high tide C. The tidal change is a random event D. The tidal change is cyclic

A. The hourly rate of tidal change is always the same B. The rate of tidal change is greatest at high tide C. The tidal change is a random event D. The tidal change is cyclic

In which direction does each of the rivers flow?
A. The Sapphire River and the Garnet River both flow east B. The Sapphire River and the Garnet River both flow west C. The Sapphire River flows east and the Garnet River flows west D. The Sapphire River flows west and the Garnet River flows east

In which direction does each of the rivers flow?
A. The Sapphire River and the Garnet River both flow east B. The Sapphire River and the Garnet River both flow west C. The Sapphire River flows east and the Garnet River flows west D. The Sapphire River flows west and the Garnet River flows east

What is the gradient between Points X and Y, if the distance between them is 2 km?
A. 40 m/km B. 80 m/km C m/km D m/km

What is the gradient between Points X and Y, if the distance between them is 2 km?
A. 40 m/km B. 80 m/km C m/km D m/km

What is the highest possible elevation of this mountain top?
A ft B ft C ft D ft

What is the highest possible elevation of this mountain top?
A ft B ft C ft D ft

connects points of equal A. Temperature B. Pressure C. Elevation
An isobar is a line on the map which connects points of equal A. Temperature B. Pressure C. Elevation D. Rainfall

connects points of equal A. Temperature B. Pressure C. Elevation
An isobar is a line on the map which connects points of equal A. Temperature B. Pressure C. Elevation D. Rainfall

20. How are latitude and longitude lines drawn
on a globe of the Earth? A. Latitude lines are parallel and longitude lines meet at the poles B. Latitude lines are parallel and longitude lines meet at the equator C. Longitude lines are parallel and latitude lines D. Longitude lines are parallel and latitude lines

20. How are latitude and longitude lines drawn
on a globe of the Earth? A. Latitude lines are parallel and longitude lines meet at the poles B. Latitude lines are parallel and longitude lines meet at the equator C. Longitude lines are parallel and latitude lines D. Longitude lines are parallel and latitude lines

From which set of polar and equatorial
diameters can the actual shape of the Earth be inferred? A. Polar diameter = 12,714 km Equatorial diameter = 12,714 km B. Polar diameter = 12,714 km Equatorial diameter = 12,756 km C. Polar diameter = 12,756 km D. Polar diameter = 12,756 km

From which set of polar and equatorial
diameters can the actual shape of the Earth be inferred? A. Polar diameter = 12,714 km Equatorial diameter = 12,714 km B. Polar diameter = 12,714 km Equatorial diameter = 12,756 km C. Polar diameter = 12,756 km D. Polar diameter = 12,756 km

The time at Point X is closest to
A. 6 a.m. B. 12 noon C. 6 p.m. D. 12 midnight

The time at Point X is closest to
A. 6 a.m. B. 12 noon C. 6 p.m. D. 12 midnight

23. What two parts of the Earth’s interior are considered to be part of the lithosphere? A. Asthenosphere and Stiffer Mantle B. Asthenosphere and Rigid Mantle C. Crust and Stiffer Mantle D. Crust and Rigid Mantle

23. What two parts of the Earth’s interior are considered to be part of the lithosphere? A. Asthenosphere and Stiffer Mantle B. Asthenosphere and Rigid Mantle C. Crust and Stiffer Mantle D. Crust and Rigid Mantle

24. Which of the layers of the Earth’s interior is liquid and not a solid? A. Crust B. Mantle C. Outer Core D. Inner Core

24. Which of the layers of the Earth’s interior is liquid and not a solid? A. Crust B. Mantle C. Outer Core D. Inner Core

25. It is solar noon at location X
25. It is solar noon at location X. At which location will solar noon next occur? A. A B. B C. C D. D

25. It is solar noon at location X
25. It is solar noon at location X. At which location will solar noon next occur? A. A B. B C. C D. D

26. In which two Earth regions is oxygen the second most abundant element by volume? A. Crust and Hydrosphere B. Crust and Core C. Hydrosphere and Troposphere D. Troposphere and Core

26. In which two Earth regions is oxygen the second most abundant element by volume? A. Crust and Hydrosphere B. Crust and Core C. Hydrosphere and Troposphere D. Troposphere and Core

27. What is the approximate latitude and longitude of the sunken ship
27. What is the approximate latitude and longitude of the sunken ship? A. 20.5⁰N 70⁰E C. 20.5⁰S 70⁰E B. 20.5⁰N 70⁰W D. 20.5⁰S 70⁰W

27. What is the approximate latitude and longitude of the sunken ship
27. What is the approximate latitude and longitude of the sunken ship? A. 20.5⁰N 70⁰E C. 20.5⁰S 70⁰E B. 20.5⁰N 70⁰W D. 20.5⁰S 70⁰W

28. Which celestial object is shown in the photograph near the center of the star trails?
A. The Sun B. The Moon C. Sirius D. Polaris

28. Which celestial object is shown in the photograph near the center of the star trails?
A. The Sun B. The Moon C. Sirius D. Polaris

29. What is the approximate latitude and longitude of Oswego, NY. A
29. What is the approximate latitude and longitude of Oswego, NY? A. 43⁰25’ N 76⁰30’W B. 44⁰35’N 77⁰30’W C. 76⁰30’N 43⁰25’W D. 77⁰30’N 44⁰35’W

29. What is the approximate latitude and longitude of Oswego, NY. A
29. What is the approximate latitude and longitude of Oswego, NY? A. 43⁰25’ N 76⁰30’W B. 44⁰35’N 77⁰30’W C. 76⁰30’N 43⁰25’W D. 77⁰30’N 44⁰35’W

30. Which city in NYS has a latitude and longitude of 42⁰05’N, 75⁰55’W, respectively? A. Elmira B. Binghamton C. Buffalo D. Old Forge

30. Which city in NYS has a latitude and longitude of 42⁰05’N, 75⁰55’W, respectively? A. Elmira B. Binghamton C. Buffalo D. Old Forge

31. At which New York State location would an observer measure the highest altitude of Polaris? A. New York City B. Slide Mountain C. Niagara Falls D. Plattsburgh

31. At which New York State location would an observer measure the highest altitude of Polaris? A. New York City B. Slide Mountain C. Niagara Falls D. Plattsburgh

32. A scientist places a plastic block in a stream
at 1 p.m. By 5 p.m., the block had traveled 25 miles. What is the block’s rate of flow? A mi./hr. B mi./hr. C mi./hr. D mi./hr.

32. A scientist places a plastic block in a stream
at 1 p.m. By 5 p.m., the block had traveled 25 miles. What is the block’s rate of flow? A mi./hr. B mi./hr. C mi./hr. D mi./hr.

33. Which contour interval is used on both topographic maps? A. 10 ft B. 20 ft C. 30 ft D. 40 ft

33. Which contour interval is used on both topographic maps? A. 10 ft B. 20 ft C. 30 ft D. 40 ft

34. What evidence can be used to determine that the land surface in the northeast corner of the map is relatively flat? A. A rapidly flowing river B. A large region covered by water C. The dark contour line labeled 300 D. The absence of many contour lines

34. What evidence can be used to determine that the land surface in the northeast corner of the map is relatively flat? A. A rapidly flowing river B. A large region covered by water C. The dark contour line labeled 300 D. The absence of many contour lines