# TEST THE SECOND The ‘Tudes, Contour Maps, Shape of the Earth and the

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TEST THE SECOND The ‘Tudes, Contour Maps, Shape of the Earth and the
"Anyone can confirm how little the grading that results from examinations corresponds to the final useful work of people in life.“ Jean Piaget "If more testing were the answer to the problems in our schools, testing would have solved them a long time ago.“ Bill Goodling, chair of House Education Committee "Testing improves education the same way that bombing promotes democracy“ Steve Cohn, Education professor at Tufts University Wednesday, December 3rd, 2008

TEST THE SECOND: THE ‘TUDES, CONTOUR MAPS AND THE SHAPE OF THE EARTH

8-10. Use the contour map to starboard to answer questions 8 through 10.
8. Where is the steepest part of the map? 9. What is the gradient from point X to point Y? SHOW ALL YOUR WORK for full credit. 10. Draw a rough profile of the contour map in the space below. It doesn’t have to be detailed; simply show what the profile would look like. 11. The shape of the earth is A. Round B. Flat (hint: don’t pick this answer) C. An Oblate Spheroid D. An Obtuse Rhomboid _________ 12. The altitude of Polaris can indicate what about an observer’s location? A. His altitude above the ground B. Her angle of insolation C. Her latitude D. His longitude _________ 13. Using your ESRT, find the latitude and longitude of Binghamton, NY. 14. Using your ESRT, what is the straight-line distance, in kilometers, from Elmira to Buffalo? 15. A stream has a source at an elevation of 1,000 meters. It ends in a lake that has an elevation of 300 meters. If the lake is 200 kilometers away from the source, what is the average gradient of the stream in meters per kilometer? SHOW ALL YOUR WORK for full credit.

16-19. Use the topographic map below to answer questions 16 through 18
Use the topographic map below to answer questions 16 through 18. Note that the dotted lines represent rivers, and that elevation is measured in meters. X 16. What is the contour interval of this map? A. 20 kilometers B. 2 kilometers C. 20 meters D. 10 meters _________ 17. What is the distance, in kilometers, between hills A and C? 18. In which direction is the river labeled “X” flowing? A. Northeast to Northwest B. Southwest to Northeast C. Northeast to Southwest D. Southeast to Northeast _________ 19. What is the gradient from point D to the lake? SHOW ALL YOUR WORK for full credit.

19-21. Use the diagram to starboard to answer questions 19 through 21.
19. What would the altitude of Polaris be for an observer at point X? 20. What is the latitude and longitude of point X? 21. If it is 7:00 a.m on the Prime Meridian, will it be later or earlier at 20 degrees east? 22. Below is an isotherm map of New York, showing average temperatures in degrees F t. Using your ESRT, what is the average temperature of Binghamton? 23. When viewed from the north pole, the earth rotates in which direction? 24. Using your ESRT and the scale on THE MAP ABOVE, what is the temperature gradient, in degrees F t per kilometer, from Buffalo to Old Forge? SHOW ALL YOUR WORK for full credit. 25. All the water on earth is known as the A. Lithosphere B. Hydrosphere C. Watersphere D. Aquaspheroid _________ X

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