5 ORIGINS OF PUBLIC MANAGEMENT MosesInfluence of Ancient RomeMilitary Heritage of Public AdministrationMoses having led the Israelites out of captivity, was turned to for everything, settling disputes great and small. His father-in-law saw this and taught him how to delegate.As tribes gathered together for protection, they built walls to defend themselves from attacks. This required the organizing of armies, and families to support the armies. Wars, battles, fought to conquer lands and is the history of the world. Thus, the history of public admin began and developed as a profession of arms. Logistics and hierarchy, strategy, and reform developed out of necessity as armies grew in size.Vocabulary is militaristic in origin.2. Roman Centurions were first professional fighting officers in history, who passed technical skills & discipline from generation to generation, enabling Rome to dominate the world for 5 centuries! They were motivated by not only loyalty but the tenets of the first merit system, regular pay, and retirement payments. Caesar raised taxes to support this system.
6 EVOLUTION OF MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES Comparing Military & Civilian PrinciplesThe Principles ApproachCross-Fertilization of Military & Civilian Management
7 WHAT IS ORGANIZATION THEORY? Classical Organization TheoryAdam Smith & The Pin Factory
8 ORIGINS OF SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT Fredrick TaylorFayol’s General Theory of Management
9 PERIOD OF ORTHODOXYPaul Appleby’s PolemicLuther Gulicks POSDCORB
10 MEANINGS OF BUREAUCRACY All Government OfficesAll Public OfficialsA General InvectiveMax Weber’s Structural Arrangements
11 NEOCLASSICAL THEORYHerbert Simon’s InfluenceThe Impact of Sociology
12 MODERN STRUCTURAL THEORY Basic AssumptionsMechanistic and Organic Systems
13 SYSTEMS THEORYCyberneticsThe Learning Organization
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