Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

A force F is applied to a dumbbell for a time interval  t, first as in (a) and then as in (b). In which case does the dumbbell acquire the greater center-of-mass.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "A force F is applied to a dumbbell for a time interval  t, first as in (a) and then as in (b). In which case does the dumbbell acquire the greater center-of-mass."— Presentation transcript:

1 A force F is applied to a dumbbell for a time interval  t, first as in (a) and then as in (b). In which case does the dumbbell acquire the greater center-of-mass speed? 1. (a) 2. (b) 3. no difference 4. The answer depends on the rotational inertia of the dumbbell.

2 A force F is applied to a dumbbell for a time interval  t, first as in (a) and then as in (b). In which case does the dumbbell acquire the greater energy? 1. (a) 2. (b) 3. no difference 4. The answer depends on the rotational inertia of the dumbbell.

3 Imagine hitting a dumbbell with an object coming in at speed v, first at the center, then at one end. Is the center-of-mass speed of the dumbbell the same in both cases? 1. yes 2. no m 2m v m v’ V’ m v m m m m m It is easier to start the object rotating than to make the entire mass translate.

4 A 1-kg rock is suspended by a massless string from one end of a 1- m measuring stick. What is the mass of the measuring stick if it is balanced by a support force at the 0.25-m mark? kg kg 3. 1 kg 4. 2 kg 5. 4 kg 6. impossible to determine

5 Two wheels with fixed hubs, each having a mass of 1 kg, start from rest, and forces are applied as shown. Assume the hubs and spokes are massless, so that the rotational inertia is I = mR 2. In order to impart identical angular accelerations, how large must F 2 be? N N 3. 1 N 4. 2 N 5. 4 N

6 A figure skater stands on one spot on the ice (assumed frictionless) and spins around with her arms extended. When she pulls in her arms, she reduces her rotational inertia and her angular speed increases so that her angular momentum is conserved. Compared to her initial rotational kinetic energy, her rotational kinetic energy after she has pulled in her arms must be 1. the same. 2. larger because she’s rotating faster. 3. smaller because her rotational inertia is smaller.

7 A person spins a tennis ball on a string in a horizontal circle (so that the axis of rotation is vertical). At the point indicated below, the ball is given a sharp blow in the forward direction. This causes a change in angular momentum  L in the 1. x direction 2. y direction 3. z direction

8 A person spins a tennis ball on a string in a horizontal circle (so that the axis of rotation is vertical). At the point indicated below, the ball is given a sharp blow vertically downward. In which direction does the axis of rotation tilt after the blow? 1. + x direction 2. – x direction 3. +y direction 4. – y direction 5. It stays the same (but the magnitude of the angular momentum changes). 6. The ball starts wobbling in all directions.

9 Explanation


Download ppt "A force F is applied to a dumbbell for a time interval  t, first as in (a) and then as in (b). In which case does the dumbbell acquire the greater center-of-mass."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google