# Solutions Solubility Percent Concentration Colloids and Suspensions.

## Presentation on theme: "Solutions Solubility Percent Concentration Colloids and Suspensions."— Presentation transcript:

Solutions Solubility Percent Concentration Colloids and Suspensions

Solubility The maximum amount of solute that can dissolve in a specific amount of solvent usually 100 g. g of solute 100 g water

Saturated and Unsaturated A saturated solution contains the maximum amount of solute that can dissolve. Un-dissolved solute remains. An unsaturated solution does not contain all the solute that could dissolve

Learning Check S1 At 40 C, the solubility of KBr is 80 g/100 g H 2 O. Indicate if the following solutions are (1) saturated or (2) unsaturated A. ___60 g KBr in 100 g of water at 40 C B. ___200 g KBr in 200 g of water at 40 C C. ___25 KBr in 50 g of water at 40 C

Solution S1 At 40 C, the solubility of KBr is 80 g/100 g H 2 O. Indicate if the following solutions are (1) saturated or (2) unsaturated A. 2 Less than 80 g/100 g H 2 O B. 1 Same as 100 g KBr in 100 g of water at 40 C, which is greater than its solubility C. 2 Same as 60 g KBr in 100 g of water, which is less than its solubility

Temperature and Solubility of Solids TemperatureSolubility (g/100 g H 2 O) KCl(s)NaNO 3 (s) 0°27.6 74 20°C34.0 88 50°C42.6114 100°C 57.6182 The solubility of most solids (decreases or increases ) with an increase in the temperature.

Temperature and Solubility of Solids TemperatureSolubility (g/100 g H 2 O) KCl(s)NaNO 3 (s) 0°27.6 74 20°C34.0 88 50°C42.6114 100°C 57.6182 The solubility of most solids increases with an increase in the temperature.

Temperature and Solubility of Gases TemperatureSolubility(g/100 g H 2 O) CO 2 (g)O 2 (g) 0°C0.340.0070 20°C0.170.0043 50°C0.0760.0026 The solubility of gases (decreases or increases) with an increase in temperature.

Temperature and Solubility of Gases TemperatureSolubility(g/100 g H 2 O) CO 2 (g)O 2 (g) 0°C0.340.0070 20°C0.170.0043 50°C0.0760.0026 The solubility of gases decreases with an increase in temperature.

Learning Check S2 A. Why would a bottle of carbonated drink possibly burst (explode) when it is left out in the hot sun ? B. Why would fish die in water that gets too warm?

Solution S2 A. Gas in the bottle builds up as the gas becomes less soluble in water at high temperatures, which may cause the bottle to explode. B. Because O 2 gas is less soluble in warm water, the fish may not obtain the needed amount of O 2 for their survival.

Separation Techniques Why is it important to know how to separate solutions and mixtures in Chemistry?

Follow-up Read the notes provided to you by your teacher. Complete the questions as listed on those notes.