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Today and Tomorrow 12 th Edition Understanding Computers Chapter 11: E-Commerce.

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Presentation on theme: "Today and Tomorrow 12 th Edition Understanding Computers Chapter 11: E-Commerce."— Presentation transcript:

1 Today and Tomorrow 12 th Edition Understanding Computers Chapter 11: E-Commerce

2 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 2 Learning Objectives Explain what e-commerce is and describe some of the benefits and risks involved with implementing e- commerce. Discuss the types of Web sites that can be used to implement e-commerce. Identify a variety of e-commerce business models and discuss their similarities and differences.

3 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 3 Learning Objectives List several strategies for implementing e-commerce using the Web, including some of the decisions that need to be made, the options available for accepting payments, and the process of designing and developing an effective Web site. Outline some sales and marketing strategies that can be used in conjunction with an e-commerce Web site. Discuss some security issues related to e-commerce transactions.

4 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 4 Overview This chapter covers: –Potential advantages and disadvantages of e-commerce –Types of e-commerce Web sites and e-commerce business models –Steps for implementing Web-based e-commerce –Sales and marketing strategies for e-commerce Web sites –E-commerce security issues

5 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 5 What Is E-Commerce? E-commerce: Act of doing business transactions over the Internet or similar communications technology –Has existed for years via private networks (electronic funds transfers, etc.) –Now typically performed via the Internet E-commerce in the U.S. has continued to grow at a steady pace M-commerce (mobile commerce) is growing U-commerce (universal commerce) trend is also on the rise

6 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 6 Advantages of E-Commerce For businesses: –Reduced costs Dot-coms are less expensive than brick-and- mortar stores because there is no physical storefront to maintain –Increased customer satisfaction If shopping experience is convenient (open all the time, no driving, etc.) –Broader customer base (less geographical restrictions) –More effective sales and marketing tools (personalized s, customer relationship management tools, etc.) –Potentially higher sales

7 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 7 Advantages of E-Commerce For customers: –Convenience –Easier comparison shopping Higher number of merchants to choose from Geographical location is not an issue Shopping bots and other comparison shopping tools are available –Higher degree of selection –Potential cost savings –Customized products

8 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 8 Advantages of E-Commerce

9 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 9 Disadvantages of E-Commerce For businesses: –Pressure to be always open, site always working –Lost business due to some customer hesitation to shop online –Risk of fraudulent credit card transactions –Ease of entry for competitors

10 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 10 Disadvantages of E-Commerce For customers: –Fraud and other potential security problems Buyer protection programs and using credit cards can help –Not being able to see or touch the goods 3D online stores may help –Possible expense of returning merchandise

11 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 11 Types of E-Commerce Web Sites Manufacturer and e-tailer Web sites: Sell products and services directly to the end user

12 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 12 Types of E-Commerce Web Sites Brokerage sites: Bring buyers and sellers together and earn revenue by charging commissions on sales made via the site –Online auction sites: Allow individuals to auction products to other individuals Buyers bid and highest bidder at the time the auction closes buys the item Seller pays a listing fee and a selling fee based on the final price Sellers set the starting bid and can specify a minimum sales price Many sites bid automatically for each bidder up to his or her maximum stated price

13 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 13 Types of E-Commerce Web Sites

14 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 14 Types of E-Commerce Web Sites –Financial brokerage sites: Allow individuals to sell stocks, bonds, etc. –Market and commodity exchange sites: Match up buyers and sellers of commodities, such as equipment, energy, cattle, etc.

15 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 15 E-Commerce Business Models Business model: The policies, operations, and technologies used by a business in order to generate revenue E-commerce business model: Description of the types of buyers and sellers in an e-commerce company, such as B2B, B2G, and so forth Business-to-consumer (B2C) model Business-to-business (B2B) model Consumer-to-consumer (C2C) model Business-to-government (B2G) model (consumer-to-government - C2G) Intermediary hub model –Vertical hub –Horizontal hub

16 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 16 Implementing Web-Based E-Commerce Step 1: Select appropriate business models and types of Web sites –More than one can be selected –Some businesses add additional types later on –Some business models are patented Step 2: Select the desired e-commerce applications –Determine electronic customer relationship management (eCRM) activities to be included –Determine which other business systems the Web site will be linked to

17 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 17 Implementing Web-Based E-Commerce

18 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 18 Implementing Web-Based E-Commerce Step 3: Develop procedures for handling electronic financial transactions –Need to determine which types will be accepted –Most sites accept credit cards; debit cards too

19 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 19 Implementing Web-Based E-Commerce –Customers can use virtual account numbers, and prepaid credit cards to limit risk and liability –Digital cash options include: Electronic checks: Funds come out of customer’s checking account Online payment accounts (such as PayPal): Funds can be transferred to others from the customer’s account –Can transfer funds ahead of time or have money transferred from a credit card or bank account as needed –Some transactions require a fee –Can add or remove funds as needed Electronic gift certificates, gift cards, and coupons: Appropriate codes are entered into the Web site at time of purchase

20 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 20 Implementing Web-Based E-Commerce

21 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 21 Implementing Web-Based E-Commerce –Smart cards: Can hold a cash value For Web purchases, typically read by readers attached to a PC Many credit cards and campus IDs are smart cards –Many can be used with NFC technology Smart card readers may become common on vending machines, in taxis, and other public locations

22 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 22 Implementing Web-Based E- Commerce –Digital wallet: Electronic file that holds information to speed online transactions Can hold credit card numbers, passwords, address, etc. to be used in e-commerce transactions Third-party digital wallets: Standalone programs that automatically or manually transfer necessary information to an online order form as needed Site-specific digital wallets: Store this information for each customer on a business’ Web server for use with purchases on that site only

23 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 23 Implementing Web-Based E-Commerce

24 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 24 Implementing Web-Based E-Commerce Special B2B considerations because of the volume of B2B transactions –B2B transaction processing Allows merchants to customize their payment processing plans to fit their needs –Credit card, debit card, check, and digital cash settlement –Credit checking –Expense tracking –Electronic billing –Payment settlement compatible with other widely used systems –Consolidation and reconciliation services –Escrow services

25 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 25 Implementing Web-Based E-Commerce –Order-fulfillment companies Take care of physically filling orders for a business including: –Order management –Distribution –CRM services –Marketing tools –E-fulfillment strategic planning –Integration with existing systems

26 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 26 Implementing Web-Based E-Commerce Step 4: Design and develop an effective Web site –Sites should be carefully designed, developed, and tested –Sites should use adequate security measures –Should be attractive, fast loading, and easy to use –Make checkout process easy to use to reduce shopping cart abandonment –Consider adding statements to encourage trust –E-commerce features can be created using: Storefront software: Facilitates the creation of an online store (either packaged or Web-based) Shopping cart software: Designed to add only ordering capabilities to an existing Web site

27 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 27 Implementing Web-Based E-Commerce

28 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 28 Implementing Web-Based E-Commerce

29 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 29 Implementing Web-Based E-Commerce Step 5: Implement appropriate sales and marketing strategies –Include adequate customer service features –Collect taxes from customers only if required by law –Display a privacy policy and security statement –Use an appropriate domain name and URL URL should be easy to remember and type Visitors should not have to type a page name (such as index.html) to view the home page of the site

30 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 30 Implementing Web-Based E-Commerce Promote your Web site sufficiently –Use appropriate meta tags (description, keywords)

31 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 31 Implementing Web-Based E-Commerce –Submit your site to search sites –Consider paying for sponsored listings on search sites –Consider using banner ads Use of rich media ads is growing Can display sponsor banner ads on site Can place banner ads on other sites Use of behavioral (targeted) ads is growing –Update your site regularly and consider adding incentives for return visits (contests, coupons, etc.)

32 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 32 Implementing Web-Based E-Commerce

33 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 33 Security Issues Security is essential for e-commerce Web sites Some guidelines for e-commerce sites: –Secure financial transactions (use a secure Web server) –Secure sensitive documents and files (use encryption) –Authenticate online business partners (use digital certificates and digital signatures)

34 Chapter 11 Understanding Computers, 12th Edition 34 Summary What Is E-Commerce? Types of E-Commerce Web Sites E-Commerce Business Models Implementing Web-Based E-Commerce Security Issues


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