Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The U.S. Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) POC: D. Chivers USAID OFDA Civ-Mil Coordinator for Europe, Central Asia, the Middle East, and North.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The U.S. Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) POC: D. Chivers USAID OFDA Civ-Mil Coordinator for Europe, Central Asia, the Middle East, and North."— Presentation transcript:

1 The U.S. Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) POC: D. Chivers USAID OFDA Civ-Mil Coordinator for Europe, Central Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance As Of 2013 JUL 22 Given in Sofia,Bulgaria for the Inter-Agency Cooperation in Crisis Management and Disaster Response Workshop, 17-18SEP 2013

2 Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance TOPICS 1.USG Main actors in “Foreign Disaster Response” (DOD Term) [AKA FHA, HA/DR] – “Humanitarian Assistance” for all others 2.OFDA Basics 3.USG Response Process 4.USG Response Options 5.OFDA in EUCOM today

3 STATE Department – US Policy and Diplomatic Guidance – Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM) – Focus is REFUGEES USAID/ OFDA – Focus is INTERNALY DISPLACED – Response to Natural and Man Made disasters – Also works in Disaster Risk Reduction Others (HHS, DOD, etc.) – Only when REQUESTED by LFA – Depends on UNIQUE capability of each Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance Main Actors

4 OFDA Role within the USG – Lead Federal Agency (LFA) for International Disaster Response (Humanitarian Assistance) – Coordinator of USG Response in support of Host Nation, and in Coordination with the International Humanitarian Community and other Donors – Donor – Strategic, Operational and Expeditionary Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance USAID/OFDA Basics

5 Mandate / Mission – Save Lives, Alleviate Human Suffering, and Reduce the Economic and Social Impacts of a disaster Authorities & Money – Since The Foreign Assistance Act – Congressionally Funded- “IDA” Account – Special Authorities to move and spend money quickly Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance USAID/OFDA Basics

6 USG POC: Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance As Of 24 JUN 13 From Request to Response Host Nation US Ambassador in Capitol MDRO USAID/ OFDA (Region & DC) Request Assistance Authorizes OFDA Response HN asks or is willing to accept Beyond HN capacity In USG Interest Disaster Declaration Cable Senior Leader at Federal Level May be phone call or meeting only- No need for public or formal announcement Request Meets the USG Criteria:

7 Response Options Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance Deploy OFDA Staff Fund Partners Regional Advisor Assessment Team DART & RMT UN Agencies Int’l Orgs (IOs) NGOs OFDA Warehouses Special Purchase 3 rd Party Disaster Declaration Cable Yes Coordinate the USG Response Report the USG response In support of HN Work with UN, IOs and NGOs Work in the Cluster System Practice Good Donorship Uphold Humanitarian Principles Miami, Italy, UAE, and Dobbins AFB Commercial Air Most Common Local Purchase often good option Can assist partners  $50k  Grants All Options are based on Rapid Humanitarian Needs Assessment Provide Commodities Employ USG Inter-Agency USPHS / CDC BLM/ USFS DOD Depends on specifics of the event May or may not be Reimbursable OFDA validates all actions by inter- agency partner USAR Others

8 POC: D. Chivers OFDA Advisor to EMCA and EUCOM Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance As Of 07 SEP 12 Response Options Staff / Field Teams / DART Field Monitoring: Philippines ’09 DART Field Team – Nicaragua ‘07 Typical DART DART Field Coordination Task: Coordinating Response Logistics

9 Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance Response Options Emergency Relief Commodities Plastic Sheeting for Shelter Water Treatment trailer OFDA Locally Purchased Hygiene Kits Plastic Sheeting at airfield

10 Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance Response Options Grants to Implementing Partners Red Cross Movement NGOs International Organizations (IOs) The UN

11 Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance As Of 07 SEP 12 Response Options Request Unique Capabilities from the USG Inter-Agency DOD: Nicaragua ‘07 Add USAR, CDC, CDC: Philippines ‘09 OFDA and USAID/FFP (Food For Peace) : Haiti ‘10USAR Teams : Haiti ‘10

12 Humanitarian Emergency Begins OFDA Wash DC - Informs the Inter-Agency - Manages the Process as the Lead Federal Agency - Begins Crisis Planning OFDA Region -Coordinates w/ the Field & DC -US EMB, USAID & non- USG (UN, Donors, etc.) COCOM -Updates and Advises the CDR and Staff Does event meet USG Response Criteria? HN Request Beyond HN Capacity In US interest Disaster Declaration Cable USG Updates, Fact Sheets USAID Mission US AMB/COM USG Foreign Disaster Response (FDR) Process (with Optional DOD Support) POC: D. Chivers, Yes Inform. Advise Input ACTION Main STATE MDRO & OFDA Draft Cable COM Signs OFDA Response Options Employed -Staff to Scene or DART -Funding of Implementing Partners- Grants $$ -Commodities -Request Inter-Agency Support if Needed > Does DOD have a needed Unique Capability? Executive Secretary Memo (Exec Sec) USAID/OFDA Yes Note: OFDA will inform DOD of all DDs SECDEF Approves, then orders process to COCOM, who assigns a MILFOR / JTF if applicable -Staffs, Sources and Executes Daily MITAM missions -Coordinates with Users to Execute -Re-Deploy as soon as Unique Service No Longer Needed Maintain Situational Awareness / Planning if AppropriateDeploy Response HQ/ JTF COCOM, Components & Select Units and Bases - Raise Awareness / Alert - Establish OPT for FDR- if it looks like DOD may requested to support COCOM will assist) DOD in DC - Raise Awareness /Alert - Start planning if indications are DOD may be requested - Embed / Coordinate w/ OFDA in DC if DOD support request is likely Note: Per DOD Directive , “... a military commander with assigned forces at or near the immediate scene of a foreign disaster (can take) prompt action to save human lives...” Host Nation Request Assistance FDR FCM NEO Process: 2013 SEP10 On-Scene OFDA Field Tm/ DART -Manages the On- Scene USG Response -Validates, Vets, and Prioritizes Mission Requests to DOD ACTION MITAM (Tactical Mission Requests to DOD) OFDA is LFA Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance

13 Always- Coordination Working with Host Nation to Distribute Supplies DART attends UN Cluster Meetings DART coordinating with other donors, the UN and foreign militaries Advising and Coordinating with Local Government Ministries and NGOs

14 Syria Complex Emergency – DART (Disaster Assistance Response Team) operating from Turkey and Jordan – Grants through Implementing Partners for work inside Syria (Health, Shelter, Medical, Nutrition, WASH, etc.) – Commodity shipments Israel, the UN, PA, and Jordan Professional Dialogue Remaining ready for responses in E. Europe and the Caucasus Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance In our area Now

15 Resources Your OFDA Contact is: Mr. Dana D. Chivers Need Info/SA? Go to SENSITIVE BUT UNCLASSIFIED OFDA Mandate 1.Save Lives 2.Alleviate Human Suffering 3.Reduce the Economic and Social Impact of the Disaster OFDA ‘s Tasks during a Response 1.Lead the Inter-Agency Response within the beltway as well as in the field 2.Coordinate USG response actions on the ground to meet Humanitarian Needs 3.Coordinate with other responders such as the HN, UN, & NGOs Key Civ-Mil Points 1.OFDA is the USG Lead Federal Agency (“Supported Unit”) 2.Disaster Response is counter-intuitive / Not like Fighting a War 3.“Do No Harm” is paramount 4.FHA System is PULL, not Push 5.Response is based on NEED (takes time) 6.DOD Capacity does not equal Need 7.Exec Sec Memo makes it official 8.Normally Not Reimbursable 9.MITAM is tactical Request for mission support OFDA Response Options 1.People (Individuals. Regional Advisors or Teams /DART) 2.Money (Grants to UN, IOs, NGOs) 3.Stuff ( Emergency supplies) Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance USAID/OFDA Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance POC: D. Chivers OFDA Advisor to EMCA and EUCOM As Of 11 SEP 12


Download ppt "The U.S. Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) POC: D. Chivers USAID OFDA Civ-Mil Coordinator for Europe, Central Asia, the Middle East, and North."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google