Presentation on theme: "Captain Joe Hughart, USPHS USAID DCHA OFDA Military Liaison Unit"— Presentation transcript:
1 Captain Joe Hughart, USPHS USAID DCHA OFDA Military Liaison Unit HA/DR USAID OVERVIEWCaptain Joe Hughart, USPHSUSAID DCHA OFDA Military Liaison Unit
2 WHO Coordinates U.S. Government Foreign Disaster Assistance? USAIDBureau for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance (DCHA)Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)
3 WHAT does USAID OFDA coordinate? Requests for specific USG assistance from host nations with….Responses from USG departments and agenciesUSG interaction with International Organizations (UN, IFRC)USG funding to USG NGO partners.
4 WHEN does USAID respond? Event occursHost nation requests U.S. assistanceU.S. Ambassador declares a disasterDART assessment of needsRequest for USG department or agency assistance.
5 WHERE does OFDA coordination take place? Washington: RMTDoD liaison officerU.S. Embassy: DARTOFDA Military Liaison Officer(s)Field sitesPortsAirportsAction sites
6 WHY does OFDA coordinate USG foreign disaster assistance? Foreign Assistance Act of 1961President authorized to respondDelegated to USAID AdministratorUSAID OFDA coordinates with USG, IO & NGO partners.
7 HOW does OFDA coordinate USG [DoD] foreign disaster assistance? Disaster declarationRequest for USG assistanceUSAID OFDA assessmentCoordination with NGO & international effort (UN OCHA)DoD: USAID request to DSCADoD response
8 EXAMPLE: Chemical Spill, Port of Djibouti, 2002 (Moderate Size Event)
9 WHO Responded? Djibouti Ministry of Environment Djibouti Civil Defense ForceUSAID OFDAUN OCHANBC NCO from U.S. ArmyPorts of Dubai Ltd.
10 WHAT happened? Cargo ship – wood treating chemicals Heat: plastic became brittle; jugs brokeCCA leaked into shipContainers placed on land; moved 5 timesWashed into bay
11 WHEN did response activities occur? D+0: Spill occurredD+7: Djibouti requested US assistanceD+7: US Ambassador approvedD+9: USAID OFDA assessment (soil & water sampling)D+11: UN OCHA coordinated international responseD+16: USAID & Army: training, PPE, shelters, decon gear
12 WHERE did the response occur? Port: soil & water samplingEmbassy: sample analysesPort: UN OCHA officeDobbins Air Reserve Base, GA: USAID OFDA CBRNE cacheCivil Defense HQ: training, respirator fit testing, equipment staging site.
13 WHY did the USG assist? Djibouti requested assistance U.S. Ambassador concurredU.S. had interests in HOANo U.S. JTF yet in PortAssistance led to further joint U.S. – Djibouti cooperation
15 Judicious Response: Large Event: WHO would be involved in a response? The Government of DjiboutiU.S. Ambassador/Embassy/Dept. of StateUSAID; USG partners: DoD, HHS, NOAAUN OCHA & international respondersNGOsPort of Djibouti & commercial operators
16 WHAT would probably occur? A large event exceeding the HN’s capacityA request for USG assistanceDisaster declaration by U.S. AmbassadorInternational response effort → UN OCHAUSAID OFDA assessmentUSAID request for DoD support (not lead).
17 WHEN would these events probably occur? Disaster declaration: D+1USAID OFDA DART initial assessment: D+2-4USAID request for initial DoD support: D+2 to D+4International response coordination by UN OCHA: D+7
18 WHERE would most USG assistance occur? IDP camps:Packaged food (first 2 weeks), then bulkWater containers, water trucksMedical assistance & medevacTemporary shelterWASH (sanitation; field hygiene)Port: sampling, cleanup