Presentation on theme: "1 Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance. OFDA’s Response Criteria 1. Host country must ask for, or be willing to accept, USG assistance. 2. The disaster."— Presentation transcript:
1 Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance
OFDA’s Response Criteria 1. Host country must ask for, or be willing to accept, USG assistance. 2. The disaster is of such magnitude that it is beyond the host country’s ability to respond adequately. 3. It is in the interest of the USG to provide assistance. IF THESE 3 CRITERIA ARE MET: The U.S. Ambassador issues a Disaster Declaration in SUPPORT of the host nation.
3 USAID/OFDA is the USG lead for organizing and managing foreign disaster assistance –Develops overall response strategy –Provides on-scene management in support of U.S. Ambassador –Provides USG funding to implementing partners –Collects and analyzes information on the response –Primary reporting source for the total USG response When necessary, USAID/OFDA requests support from other USG agencies (including DoD) in HA/DR. USAID/OFDA’s Role in a Disaster Response
OFDA Response Options 1.Funding: $ 50,000 2.Funding: Grants 3.Humanitarian Commodities 4.Personnel: Regional Advisors 5.Personnel: Assessment Team 6.Personnel: Disaster Assistance Response Team 7.Personnel: RMT - Response Management Team (DC) 8.Any Combination of Above 9.Recommend nothing Most Common Large Events
5 OFDA At Work: Global Presence USAID / OFDA HQ Regional Office Stockpiles OFDA COCOM Advisor U.N. Rep TOTAL OFDA PERSONNEL = ~ 350 Humanitarian Advisor
Miami (30,000 sq ft) Plastic Sheeting Blankets Collapsible Water Jugs Water storage bladders Hygiene Kits Water treatment trailers Rubber boats Kitchen sets Pisa (50,000 sq ft) Plastic Sheeting Blankets Collapsible Water Jugs Water storage bladders Hygiene Kits Water treatment trailers Dubai (38,000 sq ft) Plastic Sheeting Blankets Collapsible Water Jugs Hygiene Kits Water storage bladders Water treatment trailers Rubber boats Armored Vehicles
DOD and USAID Coordination During Disaster Response
OSD Guidance: DOD Mission in Foreign Disaster Relief The U.S. military is not instrument of first resort humanitarian response but supports civilian relief agencies The U.S. military may be involved when: –The military provides a unique service –Civilian response capacity is overwhelmed –Civilian authorities request assistance When the U.S. military does become involved: –The military mission should be clearly defined –The risks should be minimal –Core DOD missions should not be affected
USAID/OFDA generates or receives request for DoD support from humanitarian partner consignees (NGO, U.N. cluster, etc.) USAID/OFDA, with USG country team, validates and prioritizes requests Validated requests forwarded to DoD for review and execution Validating the Mission
Requesting DOD Support 10 COCOM responds in support of USAID/OFDA Joint Staff tasks COCOM (CJCS EXORD) DOD approves HA/DR USAID/OFDA responds as LFA AMB/COM issues disaster declaration cable For USG response, US Ambassador or COM validates emergency HN requests/will accept USG aid HN overwhelmed In interest of USG If req’d, HN requests assistance from international community (other nations, NGOs, IOs, regional response mechanisms, etc.) HN Responds Disaster Occurs If req’d, State or USAID requests DOD support and may provide $$$ (Via EXECSEC Memo request or letter/ interagency agreement) Exception: COCOM can respond immediately to save lives if assets on hand (72 hr limit)
11 OFDA Military Liaison Team Joint Humanitarian Operations Course ( JHOC ) Military Liaison Team (MLT) Based in Washington, DC OFDA Advisors at Geographic Combatant Commands –SOUTHCOM –PACOM –EUCOM –AFRICOM –CENTCOM MLT surge staff Civ-Mil Advisors on DART or OFDA Field Offices
12 Provide input to military planning --- all phases, all levels, all orders (responses and exercises) Recommend appropriate uses of military assets Screen, validate, and prioritize requests for military support coming from UN/NGOs/IOs as well as other parts of DoD Act as intermediary between the military and the UN/NGOs/IOs Role of OFDA Civil Military Advisor
–Large capacity airlift –Airfield and port management –Off-loading and trans- loading –Moving supplies and people –Helicopter and air support –Engineering assessments –Security Wholesale vs. Retail What is the Mission?
–Food/commodities distribution –Camp management –Health/water and sanitation programs –Processing/ screening/tracing of displaced persons –Vaccinations Wholesale Vs. Retail What is the Mission?
RFA to MITAM Process: MOST COMMON SITUATION (When someone wants assistance from the US Military) USG Organization or Implementing Partner (UN, NGO, etc.) Host Nation Civilian Organizations US Military HQ in-country Other Donors, UN Agency, or NGO not directly funded by the USG Host Nation Military Submit a RFA (USAID/OFDA or UN Form) USAID/OFDA Response Team in-country Executes Mission, then reports back to USAID/OFDA Prioritizes and Validates RFAs Daily MITAM issued by USAID/OFDA Informs USAID/OFDA of the Execution Plan, then DIRLAUTH with the Requestor Requests of an HA Nature Requests purely Mil-Mil in nature
Use of US military assets for relief operations in the Pacific has been infrequent due to proximity. In the event of a rapid onset disaster, DoD can exercise 72hr Life & Limb Authority (During Exercises and Patrols) Due to the increased focus on the Pacific, there will be a more sustained presence of DoD assets that can be utilized during major relief operations. Outside of major responses, increased presence of DoD engagements in HADR during port visits and joint excercises. (Mil-Mil) USG Civ-Mil in the Pacific