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Eid al-Adha Contents 1 Definition 2 Other names 2 History 3 Traditions and practices 4 Eid al-Adha in the Gregorian calendar.

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Presentation on theme: "Eid al-Adha Contents 1 Definition 2 Other names 2 History 3 Traditions and practices 4 Eid al-Adha in the Gregorian calendar."— Presentation transcript:

1 Eid al-Adha Contents 1 Definition 2 Other names 2 History 3 Traditions and practices 4 Eid al-Adha in the Gregorian calendar

2 Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى Īdu l-A ā) "Festival of Sacrifice" or "Greater Bairam" is a religious festival celebrated by Muslims (including the Druze) worldwide to commemorate the willingness of Ibrahim to sacrifice his son Ishmael as an act of obedience to God. However, God provided a ram in place once Ibrahim demonstrated his willingness to follow God's commands. Eid al-Adha is the latter of two Eid festivals celebrated by Muslims, whose basis comes from the Quran. [1] (Muslims in Iran celebrate a third, non-denominational Eid.) Like Eid al-Fitr, Eid al- Adha begins with a short prayer followed by a sermon (khu ba).ArabicMuslimsDruzeIbrahimIshmaelGodEid [1]Eid al-Fitrkhu ba Eid al-Adha annually falls on the 10th day of the month of Dhul Hijja ( ذو الحجة ) of the lunar Islamic calendar. The festivities last for three days or more depending on the country. Eid al-Adha occurs the day after the pilgrims conducting Hajj, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia by Muslims worldwide, descend from Mount Arafat. It happens to be approximately 70 days after the end of the month of RamadanDhul HijjaIslamic calendarHajjMeccaSaudi ArabiaMount ArafatRamadan

3 Eid-al-Adha has other popular names across the Muslim world. The name is often simply translated into the local language, such as English Festival of Sacrifice, German Opferfest, Dutch Offerfeest, and Hungarian Áldozati ünnep.Muslim worldEnglishGermanDutchHungarian The Arabic term "Festival of Sacrifice", Īd ul-A ā was borrowed as a unit into Indic languages such as Hindi, Urdu, Gujarati and Bengali and Austronesian languages such as Malay and Indonesian.ArabicIndic languagesHindiUrduGujaratiBengali Austronesian languagesMalayIndonesian Another Arabic word for "sacrifice", (Arabic: قربان qurbān), was borrowed into Dari Persian and Farsi Persian as Eyde Ghorbân (Persian: عید قربان ), into Tajik Persian as Иди Қ урбон Idi Qurbon, into Kazakh as Құ рбан айт (Qurban ayt), into Uyghur as Qurban Heyit, and also into various Indic languages. Other languages combined the Arabic word qurbān with local terms for "festival", as in Kurdish (Cejna Qurbanê [2]), Pashto (Kurbaneyy Akhtar), Chinese (Chinese: Gúěrbāng Jié), Malay and Indonesian (Hari Raya Korban, Qurbani), and Turkish (Turkish: Kurban Bayramı). The Turkish term was then later borrowed into languages such as Azeri (Qurban Bayramı), Tatar (Qorban Bäyräme).ArabicDari PersianFarsi Persian Tajik PersianKazakhUyghurIndic languagesKurdish[2] PashtoChinese MalayIndonesianTurkish AzeriTatar

4 Another Arabic name, Īd ul-Kabīr, meaning "Greater Eid/Festival", is used in Yemen, Syria, and North Africa (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt). The term was borrowed directly into French as Aïd el-Kebir. Translations of "Big Eid" or "Greater Eid" are used in Pashto لوی اختر Loy Akhtar, Kashmiri Baed Eid, Hindi and Urdu Ba ā Īd, Malayalam Waliya Perunnal, and Tamil Peru Nāl.YemenSyriaNorth AfricaMoroccoAlgeriaTunisiaLibyaEgyptFrenchPashtoKashmiriHindiUrduMalayalamTamil Another name refers to the fact that the holiday occurs after the culmination of the Hajj ( حج ), or pilgrimage to Makkah. Such names are used in Malay and Indonesian (Hari Raya Haji "Hajj celebration day", Lebaran Haji), and in Tamil Hajji Peru Nāl.Malay IndonesianTamil In Hindi- and Urdu-speaking areas, the festival is also called بقرعید Baqra Īd or Baqrī Īd, stemming either from the Arabic baqarah "heifer" or the Urdu word baqrī for "goat", as cows and goats are among the traditionally-sacrificed animals. That term was also borrowed into other languages, such as Tamil Bakr Eid Peru Nāl.HindiUrduTamil Other local names include Z ǎ ishēng Jié ("Slaughter-livestock Festival") in Chinese, Tfaska Tamoqqart in the Berber language of Jerba, Tabaski or Tobaski in West African languages, Babbar Sallah in Nigerian languages, and Ciidwayneey in Somali.ChineseBerber languageJerbaWest AfricanNigerianSomali

5 Four thousand years ago the valley of Mecca was a dry and uninhabited place. Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) was instructed to bring his wife Hagar (Hajira) and their child Ismael to Arabia from Palestine by Allah's command, as his first wife Sarah started to get jealous after Hagar got her baby.MeccaProphet Ibrahim With some supplies of food and water he left them without wanting, his wife Hagar asked him: "Who ordered you to leave us here", Ibrahim replied :"Allah", she said: "than Allah will not forget us, you can go". However the supplies quickly ran out and within a few days Hagar and Ismael were suffering from hunger and dehydration. In her desperation Hagar ran up and down two hills called Safa and Marwa trying to see if she could spot any help in the distance. Finally she collapsed beside her baby Ismael and prayed to Allah for deliverance.Allah Ismael struck his foot on the ground and this caused a spring of water to gush forth from the earth. Hagar and Ismael were saved. Now they had a secure water supply they were able to trade water with passing nomads for food and supplies.

6 After a while the Prophet Ibrahim returned from Palestine to check on his family and he was amazed to see them running a profitable well. Palestine The Prophet Ibrahim was told by Allah to build a shrine dedicated to him. Ibrahim and Ismael constructed a small stone structure – the Kaaba - which was to be the gathering place for all who wished to strengthen their faith in Allah.Ismael As the years passed Ismael was blessed with Prophethood and he gave the nomads of the desert the message of surrender to Allah. After many centuries, Mecca became a thriving city thanks to its reliable water source, the well of Zam Zam. In the year 628 the Prophet Muhammad set out on a journey with 1400 of his followers. This was the first pilgrimage in Islam, and would re-establish the religious traditions of the Prophet Ibrahim.Islam

7 Men, women, and children are expected to dress in their finest clothing to perform Eid prayer ( alātu l- `Īdi) in any mosque. Muslims who can afford to do so sacrifice their best domestic animals (usually sheep, but also camels, cows and goats) as a symbol of Ibrahim's sacrifice. The sacrificed animals, called u iyyah (Arabic: أضحية, also known as "al-qurbāni"), have to meet certain age and quality standards or else the animal is considered an unacceptable sacrifice. Generally, these must be at least a year old.Eid prayermosqueArabic

8 At the time of sacrifice, God's name is recited along with the offering statement and a supplication as Muhammad said. According to the Quran,[citation needed] the meat is divided into three shares, one share for the poor, one share for the relatives and neighbors and the last to keep to oneself. A large portion of the meat must be given towards the poor and hungry people so they can all join in the feast which is held on Eid al-Adha.citation needed








16 Class : 2 BA 1 Students : Azdine AJNINE Zahra OUMLAOUITGAT Rachida BATA Mostafa ZAKRIA

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