Presentation on theme: "Leadership Substance Abuse Course"— Presentation transcript:
1 Leadership Substance Abuse Course (LSAC)SESSION 1 : Slide 1SASIC = Squadron Alcohol Skills Intervention Curriculum- Created specifically for the US Marine Corps/ USAF- Purpose is to encourage responsible drinking- It is NOT an abstinence program- Emphasizes developing alcohol related skills and decision making, in addition to providing alcohol information
2 GoalTo help supervisors gain awareness of substance abuse issues, and how these issues effect the readiness of MilitaryDescribe to supervisors the training offered their subordinatesGarner Leadership support in promoting Edwards’ prevention program
3 Our Vision 20 years from now… No longer losing Airmen in alcohol related auto crashesZero Airmen arrested for DUILess than 1% of our Airmen affectedResponsible use is the standardAbuse not toleratedProactive Supervisors
4 Why am I here? How substance abuse effects military? Illicit substances (Edwards has a problem)Does alcohol count?If so, why?!Status Quo or do we need more prevention and or treatment?Your part (Team Edwards)
5 Heavy Alcohol Usage Do you consider yourselves heavy drinkers? What is “heavy alcohol use?”The Dept of Health & Human Services describes “heavy alcohol use” as…
10 Only one glass of alcohol a day? I can live with that!
11 Effects of Alcohol Chart % No loss of coordination. May experience slight “buzz” and loss of shyness.% May experience a “buzz,”, feeling of well-being, relaxation, lowered inhibitions, sensation of warmth, minor impairment of reasoning and memory, lowering of caution.% Legally intoxicated in most states. May experience a “buzz,” slight impairment of balance, speech, vision, reaction time, hearing. Also experience reduced judgment and self-control. Definite impairment of muscle coordination and driving skills. Increased risk of nausea and slurred speech..10% Clear deterioration of reaction time and control. Legal Intoxication.*[ *.10% is at or beyond the legal limit in all 50 states.]
12 Effects of Alcohol Chart (continued) % May experience a buzz, significant impairment of motor coordination, loss of good judgment, slurred speech, impaired balance, vision, reaction time and hearing.% The buzz is reduced. Replaced with anxiety and restlessness. Gross motor impairment, lack of physical control, blurred vision, major loss of balance. Risk of blackouts and accidents.% Anxiety and restlessness predominates. Nausea may appear. “Sloppy drunk.”% May experience anxiety and restlessness, total mental confusion. Need assistance in walking. Nausea and vomiting.% May experience loss of consciousness.4% and up May experience onset of coma. Death due to respiratory arrest.
13 What’s Happening to Your Body? HangoverLiver processes how many standard drinks per hour?Pass outs vs. BlackoutsWhat is tolerance?
14 The Up and Down Effects of Alcohol Effects of Alcohol Change Over TimeIntroduce Up/Down CurveEffects change over time, first up then (ultimately) downCultural myth about alcoholPoint of diminishing returns
16 Insert Money and Alcohol Chart Alcohol and budgets(estimate annual expense for alcohol)Insert Money and Alcohol ChartEstimatesYour average number of drinksper week (includes package store & bars)24Average cost per drink3.00Total cost per week72.00Weeks in year52Annual alcohol expense ($72.00 x 52)$3,
17 Moderate Drinking 2 per day 1 per day Men Women As defined by the Department of Health and Human Services to avoid Health complications2 per day per dayMen WomenBut not if:attempting pregnancypregnantnursingunderagedrivingcan’t control intakedoing skilled taskstaking medicationrecovering
19 Risk Reduction Tips Outline safe drinking guidelines Ask Airman to examine their own drinking habitsProvide specific tips to reduce risks from alcoholTips for minimizing risks associated with alcohol & sexProvide specific tips to avoid drinking and drivingDiscussion of other things to do
20 Alcohol and Depression Alcohol is a depressant drugDepression is underlying cause of suicideAlcohol plays major role in suicides of the:Occasional userAbuserAlcohol dependentAddress signs of depression immediatelyTake ALL suicide talk seriously.Reach out and get immediate help.Don’t leave the Airmen alone.
21 Predictable Path of Alcoholism MinorDisciplinaryNEW LIFE!FinancialReturn ofself-esteemFamilyMajor JobPositive thinkingRecoverybeginsRelationshipHospital, Institution, Jail or DeathInterventionHopeSupervisor’s Role: Raise The Bottom
22 Bottom line: If drinking causes problems, drinking is a problem Signs and SymptomsProblems - marital, family, financial, legal, relationships, responsibility, work etc.DenialBlackoutsHigh toleranceBottom line: If drinking causes problems, drinking is a problem
24 The Selection Process Air Force Drug Testing Program (AFDTP) Computer Based ProgramSelects the testing daySelects the personnel to be testedDrug Demand Reduction PersonnelInquire the computer dailyPrint out Rosters, labels and notification lettersContact unit POC’s (Trusted Agents)
25 The Selection Process (Cont’d): First contact POC via telephoneVerify POC name and Fax NumberFax list within 5 minutes of initial contact (If you do not receive the list within 15 min of contact, please call us)
26 Urinalysis Program Edwards 10% monthly for random urinalysis A minimum of one unit sweep per yearPositive samples tested three times:different stations;first two identify drug presence;third “fingerprints” drug;need 3 positives to result in positive report.SOURCE: OPNAV C Change 1.
27 Substance Abuse How does it effect mission readiness? How does it effect morale?Is drinking always bad for morale / esprit de corps?
28 Impact of Substance Abuse Spousal abuseoffender/victimAssaultsAggravated/simpleTrafficFatalities/injuriesAlcohol andother drugs areassociated with:SuicidesAttempted/completedRecreationalFatalities/injuriesAlcohol Abuse remains the primary underlying problem impacting personal readiness and QOL.It’s a major contributor in motor vehicle fatalities, rapes, and suicides, and is a contributing factor in a large number of assaults, recreational fatalities, and motor vehicle injuries.If we could eliminate the alcohol factor in areas listed above, we could significantly decrease the number of deaths and injuries occurring among our Airman. We could also dramatically decrease crimes committed by and against military members and their families.RapesOffender/victimIndecentassaultsChild abusesexual/physical
29 Drug Policy Zero tolerance for use of illicit drugs Process for administrative separationTreatment offeredAll paperwork for discharge will be completed prior to treatmentTreatment is offered to those diagnosed as abusers and dependent. By Law treatment must be offered to those diagnosed as dependent, however those diagnosed as abusers, Commanders are currently “encouraged” to offer treatment.
30 What Are We Looking For? Tested by urinalysis LSD THC BZE Morphine HeroinDesigner drugse. g. EcstasyPCP
31 Cocaine Appearance Packaging White to off white powder Flaky Rock (compressed)CrackWhite to tanRock like substanceWaxy appearancePackagingTin foilGlass vialPlastic BaggieMethods of ingestion/ onset of effectsInhaled / 3-5 minInjected / 5-10 secSmoked / 5-10 secSwallowed/ 3-5 minPhysical and Psychological effectsIncreased AlertnessEuphoriaHallucinationsPanic attacksIncreased heart rateDilated pupilsParanoia
32 Cocaine Street Name Paraphernalia Coke Snow Blow Toot nose candy Flake the ladyParaphernaliaMirrorsrazor bladesStrawsGrindersSpoonsPlastic baggiesScalesPipes (crack)
33 Ketamine Appearance Street Name Effects of Ketamine Uses of Ketamine Comes in Liquid however can be made into a white powderEffects of KetamineEuphoriaLoss of inhibitionsOut of body experiencesNumbness of bodyStreet NameSpecial “k”Cat ValiumKJetGreenSuper CUses of KetamineKetamine is primarily used in veterinary medicine and a general anesthetic.
34 Rohypnol (Ruffies) Appearance Effects of Ketamine White color tablets Loss of inhibitionsDrunken stateMemory lossComaBlackouts OutConfusionPossible death if overdosedStreet Name“Rophy”“circles”“rope”“rib”“roach-2”“roofies”“roopies”Uses of RohypnolRohypnol is legally proscribed in over 50 countries (including Mexico) for treatment of insomnia or as an pre anesthetic.
35 Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) AppearanceDifferent colorsCan come in Microdots, on blotter paper, or in pills.Effects of LSDVisual hallucinationDistortion of sizes and shapesImpaired judgmentStreet Name“Acid”“Double Dome”“Cube”“Stamps”“A-Bombs”“Dots”“Paper”Users of this drug state“They hear colors and see sounds”
36 Heroin Appearance Effects of Heroin Street Name White powderTan powderBlack TarEffects of HeroinAffects the central nervous system and acts as both a depressant and an analgesic (pain killer)Street Name“Smack”“Junk”“Bags”“Horse”“Tar”“Bundles”Heroin is highly addictive and is the most abused opiate drug”
37 Gama Hydroxy Butyrate (GHB) AppearanceClear liquidSalty tasteThicker then waterEffects of GHBEuphoriaAnxietyLoss of inhibitionLoss of coordinationImpaired judgmentStreet Name“Liquid E”“G”“Easy lay”“Salty water”“Georgia homeboy”“Liquid X”ScoopGHB is legally produced in Europe and is used in the treatment of sleep disorders. It was also used by body builders as a growth hormone stimulant.
38 Methamphetamine Appearance Powder or Compressed powder “ICE” clear or yellowish rockPackagingTin foilPaperGlass vialCapsulePlastic BaggieMethods of ingestion/ onset of effectsInhaled / 3-5 minInjected / 5-10 minSmoked / 5-10 minSwallowed/ minPhysical and Psychological effectsDepressionanxiety, fatigue,Paranoiaaggression, and intense cravings for the drugViolent behavior (homicidal/suicidal)
39 Methamphetamine Street Name Paraphernalia Mirrors Bikers Coffee Chalk Chicken FeedCrankCrystal MethGlassGo-FastIceMethliesQuickPoor Man's CocaineShabuSpeedParaphernaliaMirrorsrazor bladesStrawssmall plastic tubes (used to "snort" speed)oddly-folded pieces of paper (used to store speed)small plastic bags (around 1" square), glass vials, glass pipes.
40 Marijuana Packaging Methods of ingestion/onset of effects Plastic Baggie35mm film containerWrapped in plastic to avoid odorMethods of ingestion/onset of effectsSmoked / 10 to 30 minEaten / variesLasts for 2 to 3 hoursPhysical and Psychological effectsRelaxationHappinessEuphoriaIncreased heart rateParanoiaIncreased appetiteRestlessnessAnxiety attacksPanic attacks
41 Marijuana Weed Pot “J” Herb Joint Blunt Mary Jane Reefer Street Name ParaphernaliaBongsRolling PapersRoach clipsScalesLightersLarge plate for cutting and removing seeds from MarijuanaAluminum cans for smoking MarijuanaAluminum foil pipesDug outMetal pipe with a hollow end that holds Marijuana
42 MDMA (Ecstasy) Appearance Packaging Normally pills, however comes in powder, or capsulesPackagingPlastic ziplock baggiesShampoo bottles for smugglingPacks of candies (look very similar)Methods of ingestion/ onset of effectsOrally / minSnorted / 5-10 minSmoked / secInjected / secPhysical and Psychological effectsEuphoriaEmpathetic feelingsNervousnessRapid Heart beatTeeth grindingScratching / rubbing skin
43 MDMA (Ecstasy) Street Name Paraphernalia “E” “X” Hug drug Go Disco BisketAdam“Rollin” (under the influence of MDMA) “are you rollin”?ParaphernaliaBlow PopsPacifierVapor Rub (methanol)Chem. lightsSurgical masksNasal inhalers
44 PERC-A-POPA NARCOTIC PAINKILLER THAT LOOKS LIKE A LOLLIPOP—DESIGNED TO SPEED RELIEF TO CANCER PATIENTS
45 Indicators of Possible Drug Use Dilated pupilsUnexplained outbursts of angerMood swingsUnreliabilityLethargy at workSick call or calling in sick frequentlyPoor hygieneSecretive behavior
46 Defining the Balance Discipline Help Disciplinary action for behavior Article 15/UIFEval entryProcessed for Separation after 2nd ARIMedical referral for prevention/treatment of abuse/dependenceNon-punitiveReferral through commandEducation and/or treatment as appropriateDiscipline: OPNAVINST Series, encl 1, pg 1 states, “Navy’s policy is to provide members diagnosed as alcohol abusers or alcohol dependent with one period of treatment in response to an ALCOHOL RELATED INCIDENT per career.
47 Successful Command Substance Abuse Prevention Program Announce command policyEducate all membersDeglamorize alcoholReduce risks; i.e., limit availabilityProvide alternativesGlamorize alternativesHold people accountable consistently
48 Prevention Lead by example Know and support command policy Ensure Airmen attend educationEnsure consistent consequencesPromote alternativesPromote climate which says “It’s OK not to drink”