3Two environmental challenges Energy: embodied and otherwise Challenge. This is EPDHealthy buildings: transparencyThis is HPDMake sure that the materials with which you build projects reflect your priorities for building occupant, community and global health.
4Learning objectives Discuss MR credits for LEED v4 Show content of EPD and HPDShow sources for informationDetermine costs and time to incorporate information
5Assessment typesPharos: a data gathering system, “wants” to be the overall repository for material informationLiving Building Challenge: an ambitious program to assess buildings and developmentsEPD: environmental product declaration. Information on file in standardized formatHPD: health product declaration – the next level that assesses products in actual use and with human interface
9..and in the future FUTURE PLANNING: TRANSPARENCY TOMORROW • Ingredient Disclosure• Health Hazards• Life Cycle Assessment• Embodied Energy• Carbon Footprint• Water Footprint• Social & Community Impacts• End of Life ManagementENCY TOMORROW• End of Life Management
12Third Party verified www.icc-es.org www.ghgprotocol.org Based on ISO 14025EPD summary
13US and Canada Eco-labels US and Canada Eco-labels
14EPD Development Process 1. Find the appropriate Product Category Rule (PCR)2. Conduct and verify the Lifecycle Assessment (LCA)3. Compile the EPD using information from the LCA4. Third-party verify the EPD5. Register the EPD (program operator)
152030 Challenge for Products Goal: reduce the embodied carbon in building materials.What do I do and why?Work with your Products Criteria Rules to produce an EPD for your product type.EPD is a label of the impact over the products expected lifeEPD must comply with ISO and ISOManufacturers who get on board first will set the standardGo to:
16Complying with 2030 challenge Comply with ISO 14025This standard describes how to set Product Category Rules (PCR)Comply with ISO 21930This establishes Building Product categoriesRequires consensus standards for each groupRequires all stake holders to participateestablishes: EPDs (environmental product declaration)
17Health hazard; not health risk Self-reported but can be 3-rd party verifiedCounts in LEED v4HPD summary
25Clients demanding Materials Transparency ImplementationRequests HPDs to document fulltransparency for all building productsinstalled in Google offices worldwide.CollaborationWorks with industry partners to buildknowledge and best practices fortransparency.EducationPromotes knowledge sharing anddemonstrates thought leadership ontransparency within building industry.google.com/green
26Pharos: how rated? Three areas: Health & PollutionEnvironment & ResourcesSocial & CommunityPharos assesses products using various certifications based on their rigorPharos starts with a base score of 10, and deducts points for each level of not achieving the ideal.Emphasis is on transparency of data
29Our PrinciplesThe Right To Know. We have a right to know what is in the products we specify, buy and use.Precautionary Principle. Take precautionary actions based upon the weight of available evidence and in the face of uncertainty.The Responsibility of the Manufacturer. Manufacturers possess the most information about the contents of their product and have a responsibility to be accountable for things they make.Transparency. Share all assumptions, methodology, data and analysis. Reward manufacturers who fully disclose contents and processes to allow for meaningful analysis.Optimism. Acknowledging that our goals are ambitious and difficult to attain, we believe they are within the grasp of committed professionals working in good faith.Health product declarations
30Define the Ideal. It is an act of optimism to set an ideal goal representing how we believe our products can be good for the world, rather than just issue prohibitions on what is less-bad.Coalition and Consensus Building. The sheer magnitude of tools, standards and ratings is now confusing and becoming counterproductive in the market place. HBN seeks consensus in establishing green materials standards.Accessible Presentation. Mindful of the complexity of the work we undertake, HBN will provide accurate materials that are elegant, informational and user-friendly.Life Cycle Thinking. Assess impacts along the entire life cycle of the material from extraction to disposal using a wide range of tools.
31Fairness and Equity (Equity) Equal & Equitable Opportunities in the WorkplaceBasic Description | Scoring Protocols | Definitions | IssuesProblem:Many products and materials are manufactured using labor paid less than fair compensation and/or denied equal opportunity for employment and management responsibility based upon race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, disability or other factors. This may be done by exploiting child labor or others held against their will, or by using workers in developing countries with inadequate labor protections or in developed countries by using illegal immigrants or other groups lacking political power to enforce their rights.Goal:Provide fair compensation and non-exploitative conditions with equal and equitable opportunities for all workers.Ideal:A product and its source materials are harvested, extracted, manufactured and reclaimed at the end of their life exclusively by companies that engage in fair and equitable labor practices and promotes diversity and equal and equitable opportunities based on the duties and performance of their workers.
36scoringAt least three “petals” must be met, and at least one of the following included: Water; Energy; Materials; both “imperatives” must be included (limits to growth; inspiration)Project must be registered:Cost: $250 (renovation); $500 (building) $1000 (neighborhood)Certification cost: based on project size (square meters) $ $25,000Building monitored for 12 months before certification
39Living Building Challenge: Letter Template for products containing Red List materials and/or chemicalsDear [Name of CEO of corporation]:[NAME OF LETTER-WRITING FIRM] is part of a team working on [NAME OF PROJECT] in [CITY/STATE/LOCATION], an exciting project pursuing certification by the Cascadia Region Green Building Council’s Living Building Challenge. [GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT LETTER-WRITING FIRM].
42Salvaged or Recycled Content Mastering Healthy MaterialsWorksurfacesHuman HealthEnvironmental HealthTransparencyRed ListEPA ChemicalsExpanded Red ListOther COCLow EmittingCarbon FootprintResponsible IndustryRegionalitySalvaged or Recycled ContentDurabilityHealthStewardshipProduct A – Standard (1-5)●Product A – Special Order (7)Product B – Standard (1-6, 8)Product B- Special Order (1-3, 5,7, 8, 9)Product C – (1-5)Product C– Special Order ((1-3, 5,7, 8, 9)Product D – Standard (1-6, 8)Product D - Special Order (1-3, 5,7, 8, 9)Product E – Standard (1-6, 8)Product E - Special Order (1-3, 5,7, 8, 9)Lead, Copper: both of these metals are present in steel with recycled content for strength and quality purposes. Mfg does not add Lead or Copper during manufacturing and assembly.Halogenated Flame Retardants: Haworth does not use Halogenated Flame Retardants, however, if needed to comply with CAL 133 PBDEs are used.Phthalates: Mfg does not add phthalates to its products but it can be present in plastics in concentrations below reportable limits.BPA: to maintain quality, Haworth’s powder paint contains BPA. Mfg offers a special paint alternative. Picing and warranty under review.1,3‐Butadiene, Acrylonitrile: two components of ABS, a safer and healthier alternative to PVC.Other product certifications include: Good Environmental Choice Australia and Climate Counts.Special Order – NAUF Board, No Listed Flame Retardants, BPA Free Alternative PaintFormaldehyde: Mfg can order a NAUF wood substrate for an additional chargeFSC: Certified Wood available through special order(10) Reside/Beside/Belong is a new product and will be undergoing emissions testing by the end of this year
43Worshiping false labels Irrelevance Lesser of Two Evils Fibbing The Hidden Trade-OffNo ProofVaguenessWorshiping false labelsIrrelevanceLesser of Two EvilsFibbingSins of Greenwashing
44What the design professional does Gather informationMake decisionsDocument processDetermine cost of informationProvide all criteria to owner for long term maintenanceResources: no one location for EPD or HPD; listed by testing or registering agency
45Legal Factors in “Deep Green” Construction 1) cost. Bullitt Building had 6 people vetting products for a year – all donated time2) standard of care: make sure your liability coverage is in order. Do not promise anything3) Cost Control: reporting will quickly limit many biddersWaiver of damages: we’re using new products and new systems.Economic loss: again don’t promise anything
46Legal issues, continued You run the risk of sole-sourcing products; currently only a few interiors products have multiple vendorsTime constraints: 3 to 9 months for all documentationDo not assume products are going to have EPD and/or HPDCost: products $10,000 per product (+/-) for EPD; $1500 for HPD after EPD is done
48www.UL.com environmental product declarations Sources:environmental product declarations(product category rules, and instructionsEnvironmental Working Group (www.ewg.org)For more information, the following sources are available