Two environmental challenges Energy: embodied and otherwise Challenge. This is EPD Healthy buildings: transparency This is HPD Make sure that the materials with which you build projects reflect your priorities for building occupant, community and global health.
Learning objectives Discuss MR credits for LEED v4 Show content of EPD and HPD Show sources for information Determine costs and time to incorporate information
Assessment types Pharos: a data gathering system, “wants” to be the overall repository for material information Living Building Challenge: an ambitious program to assess buildings and developments EPD: environmental product declaration. Information on file in standardized format HPD: health product declaration – the next level that assesses products in actual use and with human interface
..and in the future FUTURE PLANNING: TRANSPARENCY TOMORROW Ingredient Disclosure Health Hazards Life Cycle Assessment Embodied Energy Carbon Footprint Water Footprint Social & Community Impacts End of Life ManagementENCY TOMORROW Ingredient Disclosure Health Hazards Life Cycle Assessment Embodied Energy Carbon Footprint Water Footprint Social & Community Impacts End of Life Management
EPD summary Third Party verified Based on ISO 14025
US and Canada Eco- labels
EPD Development Process 1. Find the appropriate Product Category Rule (PCR) 2.Conduct and verify the Lifecycle Assessment (LCA) 3.Compile the EPD using information from the LCA 4.Third-party verify the EPD 5.Register the EPD (program operator)
2030 Challenge for Products Goal: reduce the embodied carbon in building materials. What do I do and why? Work with your Products Criteria Rules to produce an EPD for your product type. EPD is a label of the impact over the products expected life EPD must comply with ISO and ISO Manufacturers who get on board first will set the standard Go to:
Complying with 2030 challenge Comply with ISO This standard describes how to set Product Category Rules (PCR) Comply with ISO This establishes Building Product categories Requires consensus standards for each group Requires all stake holders to participate establishes: EPDs (environmental product declaration)
HPD summary Health hazard; not health risk Self-reported but can be 3-rd party verified Counts in LEED v4
Participating design firms Arup BNIM (+) Boora Architects Boulder Associates Architects (+) Cannon Design Cook + Fox [eco]impact Envision Design (+) FXFowle (+) Gensler GreeNexus Consulting (+) HDR Architecture HJKessler Associates HKS (+) HLW, LLP (+) HOK InsideMatters (+) KMD Architects Mazzetti Nash Lipsey Burch (+) Mary Davidge Associates (+) Mithun NBBJ Oh planning + design, architecture (+) Perkins + Will (+) Sasaki Associates (+) SERA (+) Smith Group JJR (+) Symmes Maini & McKee Associates Terrapin Bright Green (+) White+GreenSpec WHR Architects (+) William Bucholz, AIA, CCS, LEED AP (+) Yost Grube Hall Architecture ZGF Architects LLP (+ denotes Founding Endorsers)
Clients demanding Materials Transparency Implementation Requests HPDs to document full transparency for all building products installed in Google offices worldwide. Collaboration Works with industry partners to build knowledge and best practices for transparency. Education Promotes knowledge sharing and demonstrates thought leadership on transparency within building industry. google.com/green
Pharos: how rated? Three areas: Health & Pollution Environment & Resources Social & Community Pharos assesses products using various certifications based on their rigor Pharos starts with a base score of 10, and deducts points for each level of not achieving the ideal. Emphasis is on transparency of data
Our Principles The Right To Know. We have a right to know what is in the products we specify, buy and use. Precautionary Principle. Take precautionary actions based upon the weight of available evidence and in the face of uncertainty. The Responsibility of the Manufacturer. Manufacturers possess the most information about the contents of their product and have a responsibility to be accountable for things they make. Transparency. Share all assumptions, methodology, data and analysis. Reward manufacturers who fully disclose contents and processes to allow for meaningful analysis. Optimism. Acknowledging that our goals are ambitious and difficult to attain, we believe they are within the grasp of committed professionals working in good faith.
Define the Ideal. It is an act of optimism to set an ideal goal representing how we believe our products can be good for the world, rather than just issue prohibitions on what is less-bad. Coalition and Consensus Building. The sheer magnitude of tools, standards and ratings is now confusing and becoming counterproductive in the market place. HBN seeks consensus in establishing green materials standards. Accessible Presentation. Mindful of the complexity of the work we undertake, HBN will provide accurate materials that are elegant, informational and user-friendly. Life Cycle Thinking. Assess impacts along the entire life cycle of the material from extraction to disposal using a wide range of tools.
Fairness and Equity (Equity) Equal & Equitable Opportunities in the Workplace Basic Description | Scoring Protocols | Definitions | IssuesScoring ProtocolsDefinitionsIssues Problem: Many products and materials are manufactured using labor paid less than fair compensation and/or denied equal opportunity for employment and management responsibility based upon race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, disability or other factors. This may be done by exploiting child labor or others held against their will, or by using workers in developing countries with inadequate labor protections or in developed countries by using illegal immigrants or other groups lacking political power to enforce their rights. Goal: Provide fair compensation and non-exploitative conditions with equal and equitable opportunities for all workers. Ideal: A product and its source materials are harvested, extracted, manufactured and reclaimed at the end of their life exclusively by companies that engage in fair and equitable labor practices and promotes diversity and equal and equitable opportunities based on the duties and performance of their workers.
scoring At least three “petals” must be met, and at least one of the following included: Water; Energy; Materials; both “imperatives” must be included (limits to growth; inspiration) Project must be registered: Cost: $250 (renovation); $500 (building) $1000 (neighborhood) Certification cost: based on project size (square meters) $ $25,000 Building monitored for 12 months before certification
Living Building Challenge: Letter Template for products containing Red List materials and/or chemicals Dear [NAME OF CEO OF CORPORATION]: [NAME OF LETTER-WRITING FIRM] is part of a team working on [NAME OF PROJECT] in [CITY/STATE/LOCATION], an exciting project pursuing certification by the Cascadia Region Green Building Council’s Living Building Challenge. [GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT LETTER- WRITING FIRM].
Mastering Healthy Materials Worksurfaces Human HealthEnvironmental Health Transpare ncy Red List EPA Chemic als Expand ed Red List Other COC Low Emitti ng Carbon Footpri nt Responsi ble Industry Regionali ty Salvaged or Recycled Content Durabil ity Health Stewardshi p Product A – Standard (1-5) ●●●●●●●●●●●● Product A – Special Order (7) ●●●●●●●●●●●● Product B – Standard (1-6, 8) ●●●●●●●●●●●● Product B- Special Order (1-3, 5,7, 8, 9) ●●●●●●●●●●●● Product C – (1-5) ●●●●●●●●●●●● Product C– Special Order ((1-3, 5,7, 8, 9) ●●●●●●●●●●●● Product D – Standard (1-6, 8) ●●●●●●●●●●●● Product D - Special Order (1-3, 5,7, 8, 9) ●●●●●●●●●●●● Product E – Standard (1-6, 8) ●●●●●●●●●●●● Product E - Special Order (1-3, 5,7, 8, 9) ●●●●●●●●●●●● (1)Lead, Copper: both of these metals are present in steel with recycled content for strength and quality purposes. Mfg does not add Lead or Copper during manufacturing and assembly. (2)Halogenated Flame Retardants: Haworth does not use Halogenated Flame Retardants, however, if needed to comply with CAL 133 PBDEs are used. (3)Phthalates: Mfg does not add phthalates to its products but it can be present in plastics in concentrations below reportable limits. (4)BPA: to maintain quality, Haworth’s powder paint contains BPA. Mfg offers a special paint alternative. Picing and warranty under review. (5)1,3 ‐ Butadiene, Acrylonitrile: two components of ABS, a safer and healthier alternative to PVC. (6)Other product certifications include: Good Environmental Choice Australia and Climate Counts. (7)Special Order – NAUF Board, No Listed Flame Retardants, BPA Free Alternative Paint (8)Formaldehyde: Mfg can order a NAUF wood substrate for an additional charge (9)FSC: Certified Wood available through special order (10) Reside/Beside/Belong is a new product and will be undergoing emissions testing by the end of this year
Sins of Greenwashing The Hidden Trade-Off No Proof Vagueness Worshiping false labels Irrelevance Lesser of Two Evils Fibbing ndings/the-seven- sins/index.html
What the design professional does Gather information Make decisions Document process Determine cost of information Provide all criteria to owner for long term maintenance Resources: no one location for EPD or HPD; listed by testing or registering agency
Legal Factors in “Deep Green” Construction 1) cost. Bullitt Building had 6 people vetting products for a year – all donated time 2) standard of care: make sure your liability coverage is in order. Do not promise anything 3) Cost Control: reporting will quickly limit many bidders Waiver of damages: we’re using new products and new systems. Economic loss: again don’t promise anything
Legal issues, continued You run the risk of sole- sourcing products; currently only a few interiors products have multiple vendors Time constraints: 3 to 9 months for all documentation Do not assume products are going to have EPD and/or HPD Cost: products $10,000 per product (+/-) for EPD; $1500 for HPD after EPD is done
Sample specification language
For more information, the following sources are available Sources: ons.com ons.com environmental product declarations /epd (product category rules, and instructions /epd Environmental Working Group (www.ewg.org)www.ewg.org