Location Represented by Anatolian Turkey Extinct languages Lydian Luwian Hittite
Indo-Iranian Indic Iranian Modern Indic 1000 CE Sanskrit Middle Indic 600-1000 CE Vedic Old Indic 1500-600 BCE Hindi-Urdu Marathi Punjabi Gujurati Pashto Khotanese Yahgnobi East Iranian West Iranian Kurdish Parthian Farsi
D i v i d e d Dialect Greek / Hellenic 8th century BCE Attic Greek Literature South /East Greek Attic-Ionic ArcadoCyprian Mycenaean Aeolic Doric North/west Greek
Divided Represented by Italic Latin Italy Oscan Umbrian Osco-Umbrian Italian French Spanish Catalan Portuguese Rumanian Latin -Faliscan
Divided Divided Germanic West Germanic North Germanic East Germanic 1st century CE Gothic Icelandic Faroese norwegian Danish Swedish German Yiddish Dutch Flemish Afrikaans English
Celtic Extict languages Insular Continental 6th century BCE Celtiberian Lepontic Gaulish Goidelic Brittanic 300 CE Irish Scots Gaelic Manx Welsh Breton Cornish
Indicate Reconstructed with 8 cases Relationship to other words in a sentence Inflectional LanguageLexical markers Nominative, genitive, dative, accusative Ablative, locative, instrumetal, vocative masculine, femenine, neuter Singular, dual, plural 3 genders 3 numbers adjectivesAgreed in gender and number
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