Presentation on theme: "André Pelser University of the Free State October 2013 Using demographic data to inform mining right applications and social impact assessments: The case."— Presentation transcript:
André Pelser University of the Free State October 2013 Using demographic data to inform mining right applications and social impact assessments: The case of the Edenburg uranium deposits
In this presentation About the Project The existing social environment of Edenburg The use of socio-economic and demographic data in social impact assessments and policy making
1 About the Project
Exploration of new uranium deposits in particularly central and southern Africa uranium as “strategic mineral”: 25 new mines by 2020 Paddy’s Pad 1183 (Pty) Ltd and uranium mining in the Free State Proposed development site: 80 km south-west of Bloemfontein and 10 km north-west of Edenburg. Social impact assessment
2 The existing social environment of Edenburg
YearBlackColouredWhiteTotal 20015 4951 2898717 655 20045 5871 3098647 760 2011**5 7431 3508467 939 Population of Edenburg by race, 2001 – 2011
Average household size at Edenburg and in Kopanong (2001) Place Total population Number of households Average (persons per household) Edenburg9262383.9 Ha-Rasebei7 2062 5242.9 Edenburg urban (combined) 8 1322 7622.9
Gender distribution in the affected area
Highest educational level in Kopanong and Edenburg (2001) Highest level of education KopanongEdenburg Number% of total population Number% of total population None9 00417,71 07614,4 Some schooling35 69470,35 63375,3 Certificate/diploma with less than grade 12 1140,2180,2 Grade 124 4498,85707,6 Higher education1 5123,01872,5
Unemployment in Kopanong and Edenburg
Proportion of households without any income, Kopanong and Edenburg (2001)
3 The use of socio-economic and demographic data in social impact assessments and policy making
Expected impact Proposed mitigation or enhancement measures 1.Inflated and unrealistic community expectations and demands (negative impact) Early and transparent communication on the scope, duration and socio-economic benefit potential of the proposed development is necessary in order to arrest speculation and curb unrealistic expectations.
Expected impactProposed mitigation or enhancement measures 2. Influx of job seekers to the affected environment with subsequent socio-economic ills and community rivalry (negative impact) Communicate to the community and broader public that (i) only a very limited number of job opportunities will be on offer, especially in the initial stages of the development; and ii) preference will be given to the local population (via community structures and elected representatives) in the recruitment of suitable candidates for appointment.
Expected impactProposed mitigation or enhancement measures 3. Additional employment opportunities and alleviation of poverty in the affected environment (positive impact) Enhance impact by targeting the most vulnerable segments in the local community such as female-headed households and indigent households.
Expected impactProposed mitigation or enhancement measures 4. Flow-on benefits for the business sector at Edenburg (positive impact) On full operation, additional opportunities might be unlocked for local entrepreneurs such as cleaning services, an on-site canteen for mine employees and transport for employees between the town and the development site.