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Creating Whole Communities Todd Swanstrom Des Lee Professor of Community Collaboration and Public Policy Administration University of Missouri-St. Louis.

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Presentation on theme: "Creating Whole Communities Todd Swanstrom Des Lee Professor of Community Collaboration and Public Policy Administration University of Missouri-St. Louis."— Presentation transcript:

1 Creating Whole Communities Todd Swanstrom Des Lee Professor of Community Collaboration and Public Policy Administration University of Missouri-St. Louis Creating Whole Communities LISC’S 2nd Community Development Symposium Whole Neighborhoods … One Milwaukee October 26, 2013

2 National Economic Trends: Rising Inequality

3 Percentage Change in Median Household Income, (adjusted for inflation) Rising Inequality Across Space

4 Poverty Rate, All of Metro Milwaukee and City of Milwaukee, Rising Poverty

5 Rising Concentrated Poverty

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7 Ratio of Growth in Housing Units to Growth in Households, St. Louis Milwaukee 1.39

8 Older Neighborhoods Are Running Up the Down Escalator

9 What Can Community Development Do in the Face of National and Regional Trends? 1.Build Mixed-Income Communities Through Asset- Based Community Development 2. Connect Low-Income Residents to Regional Opportunity Structures 3. Link Place-Based Initiatives to People-Based Services

10 I. Building Mixed-Income Communities Through Asset-Based Community Development Problems Deficits Assets Opportunities

11 More ElderlyFewer "Ozzie & Harriet" Families Smaller households Opportunity: Changing Demographics and Demand for Housing

12 1 Northpoin t Walk Score 92 Populatio n 3,571 2 Murray Hill 92 5,593 3 Juneau Town 90 4,533 4 Lower East Side 89 11,412 5 Kilbourn Town 88 3,958 Competitive Advantage of Older Urban Neighborhoods Most Walkable Neighborhoods in the City of Milwaukee

13 Central West End in St. Louis

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19 What Explains Success of Central West End? 1. Connectivity 2. Amenities 3. Anchor Institutions

20 But Is the Central West End a Classic Case of Gentrification?

21 Racial/Ethnic Composition

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23 The Concentrated Poverty “Tax” Effect of Moving From High-Poverty to Low-Poverty Community Loss of wages $3,000 Cost of cashing payroll checks $789 More expensive groceries $453 More expensive homeowner’s insurance ….... $200 Higher cost of car insurance $400 TOTAL $4,842

24 II. Linking Low-Income Communities to Regional Opportunity Structures: The Case of 24:1

25 Pagedale Population: 3,304 (- 8.6 % since 2000) 27 % poverty rate 40 % female-headed households 17 % unemployment rate (2012) Few decent-paying jobs

26 One Major Urban Amenity: MetroLink Station

27 Rock Road Transit-Oriented Development

28 Extensive Citizen Engagement

29 TOD as an Anti-Poverty Strategy

30 Benefits of TOD in Weak-Market Setting

31 III. Link Place-Based Initiatives to People-Based Services

32 Early Childhood Space 56 % of incoming students are not ready for kindergarten (Brigance Test) Over 40 daycare providers No communication between school district and daycare providers

33 Place-Based Collective Impact: Five-by-Five Collective Impact “Backbone Organization:” Beyond Housing Place-based Component: 24:1 Initiative Reinforces Five-by-Five Bringing daycare facilities up to code Reduction of social isolation through community engagement Free $500 College Savings Account and $4,500 Viking Advantage IDA Housing repairs and reduced mobility

34 Conclusion: What Are the Three Most Important Prerequisites for Creating Whole Communities? Capacity Capacity!


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