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Cells to Organs… What Makes up YOU!
What organs make up the Integumentary System?
Skin, Hair, & Nails
What is the job of the Integumentary System?
To protect underlying tissues and maintain a constant internal temperature.
What organs make up the Skeletal System?
Bones and cartilage.
What is the job of the Skeletal System?
To protect other organs, maintain structure of the body, and aid in movement.
What organs make up the Muscular System?
Skeletal, Smooth, and Cardiac Muscles.
What is the job of Skeletal Muscles?
To move bones by pulling on them (voluntary).
What is the job of Smooth Muscles?
To aid in involuntary movements, such as moving blood through blood vessels and food through the digestive system.
What is the job of Cardiac Muscle?
Heart is made of cardiac muscle, which never gets tired. It pumps blood throughout the body.
What is the difference between Voluntary and Involuntary Muscles?
You control voluntary muscles, while involuntary muscles move without conscious thought.
What organs make up the Nervous System?
Central Nervous System: Brain and Spinal Cord Peripheral Nervous System: Nerves
What is the job of the Nervous System?
Control body functions through electrical impulses and to transfer information from senses to brain.
What organs make up the Endocrine System?
Glands such as the adrenal, pituitary, and pancreas.
What is the job of the Endocrine System?
To control functions, such as digestion and growth, through the use of hormones (which move slower than nerve impulses).
What organs make up the Respiratory System?
Lungs, trachea, and nose.
What is the job of the Respiratory System?
To bring in oxygen and remove carbon dioxide.
What does the diaphragm do during breathing?
Opens and closes the ribcage to allow the lungs to inflate and deflate.
What organs make up the Cardiovascular System?
Heart, blood, and blood vessels.
What is the job of the cardiovascular system?
To pump blood, which carries oxygen and nutrients, around the body.
How are the Respiratory System and Cardiovascular System related?
The Respiratory System supplies oxygen to the Cardiovascular System, which transports the oxygen throughout the body.
What organs make up the Digestive System?
Mouth, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Large Intestine, Liver, and Gall Bladder.
What is the job of the Digestive System?
To break down food into usable nutrients the body can absorb.
Where does Digestion begin?
What are the main organs in the Urinary System?
What is the job of the Urinary System?
To remove wastes from blood and regulate the amount of fluid in the body.
What organs make up the Lymphatic System?
Spleen, Thymus, Bone Marrow, Lymph, and Lymph Nodes.
What is the job of the Lymphatic System?
Return fluid to blood vessels and to fight foreign pathogens (bacteria and viruses) that enter the body.
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