2 Topics to be covered Different Types of Sails Sail Trim/Controls Downwind Sails
3 GOAL #1 – Boat Speed- Cruising or Racing, we all like to go fast! How is it achieved – BALANCE!No HelmSail Set UpSail TrimSelecting the proper sail for the conditions
4 Different Types of Sails CruisingRacingClub SailsHeavy Boats vs. Lighter Boats
5 DIFFERENT SAILS FOR DIFFERENT BOATS Some boats are very fast and easily driven and sail with very straight exits on the sails as a result.
6 Some boats are larger and require a more powerful sail plan and set up Some are heavy, sluggish and need rounder, more powerful sails.Some boats are larger and require a more powerful sail plan and set up
7 Different boats and sail plans demand different sail shapes- the J/24 sails best with a draft forward straight exit design but sheeted very hard
8 The Thistle sails fastest with draft aft round exit shape mainsail.
9 Some jibs setup on straight forestays with little sag.
10 Some sail with a great deal of sag, such as this Kevlar laminated T ten jib.
11 No matter what type of boat or sails you have you always have the ability to change the sails shape and set up
18 Mainsail TrimOversheeting the mainsheet will close the leech, increasing weather helm and making the bow want to point upEasing the mainsheet opens the leech and decrease weather helm, making the boat easier to sail straight
19 Mainsail TrimThe mainsail is over trimmed when the telltale curls to leewardSlight over trim on the main puts the boat into point mode
20 Main Halyard What does it do? Entry angle Draft position Loose halyard= draft aftTight halyard= draft foward
38 Mainsail Trim Light Air Moderate Outhaul Loose Cunningham off Vang LooseBackstay, looseTraveler up to boom on C/L.Mainsheet- Top BattenparallelModerateOuthaul MaxCunningham looseVang Snug, no slackBackstay, adjust power to keep boat flatTraveler, keep boat flatMainsheet top parallel or slightly open
39 Mainsail Trim Heavy Air Outhaul Max Cunningham, no wrinkles Vang very firmBackstay on hardTraveler, down, below C/LMainsheet, top batten open degrees
41 Headsail TrimLow aspect headsails sheet at an angle nearly bisecting the leech and footHigh aspect sails sheet more directly up the leechMoving the lead forward will close the leech for power, moving it aft will open the leech to depower
42 Headsail TrimProper trim allows the wind to flow evenly on both sides of the sail, telltales flow aftOvertrimming stalls the windflow on the backside of the sail, creating vortices that spin the telltale