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FVSPS Sail Course, Class 2. What Are We Doing Today? OTW Preliminaries (Do NOW): - Briefing - Sign-ups In Class Schedule: - Questions/Clarification, Sail.

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Presentation on theme: "FVSPS Sail Course, Class 2. What Are We Doing Today? OTW Preliminaries (Do NOW): - Briefing - Sign-ups In Class Schedule: - Questions/Clarification, Sail."— Presentation transcript:

1 FVSPS Sail Course, Class 2

2 What Are We Doing Today? OTW Preliminaries (Do NOW): - Briefing - Sign-ups In Class Schedule: - Questions/Clarification, Sail Sec. 1, 2, 6 - Basic Sailing Concepts, Procedures (some review) - Help prepare us for going sailing on OTW outing - Overview, Sail Sec OTW Assignment

3 Yacht Club Bar Song, Chorus I love to sit around the yacht club bar and talk about the things we’re going to do. I love to sit around the yacht club bar because it doesn’t move. The swells are big and the winds are high but that don’t bother me. Cause I never get lost and my tummy doesn’t toss It’s a wonderful life on the sea.

4 Yacht Club Bar Song, Verse 2 I took her out one Sunday, we got about five miles out The wind it was a screaming, right dead out of the south. The waves they must have been two feet high, the swells at least one more. I’m so lost and my tummy is tossed, I’ll never get back to the shore.

5 Yacht Club Bar Song, Chorus I love to sit around the yacht club bar and talk about the things we’re going to do. I love to sit around the yacht club bar because it doesn’t move. The swells are big and the winds are high but that don’t bother me. Cause I never get lost and my tummy doesn’t toss It’s a wonderful life on the sea.

6 Questions/Clarification Sail Sections 1, 2, 6 Section 1 Section 2 Section 6

7 Basic Terminology: Parts of a Sailboat Any Questions? Basic Keelboat, pp. 6-7

8 -Review- Basic Terminology: Sails and Major Control Lines Most sails have: 3 corners, each with a name 3 sides, each with a name Basic Keelboat, pp ; Sail, p. 33 Halyards – To hoist sails Sheets – To trim sails Inspect the boats to identify halyards, sheets

9 -Review- Core Concept in Sailing How the Boat is Oriented to the Wind Implications: - Must keep track of wind direction. - We need terminology to describe boat’s orientation to wind. - Orientation of boat to the wind determines how we adjust (trim) the sails.

10 -Review- Orientation to the Wind Basic Keelboat, p. 15; Sail, p. 115 Can we sail in all directions? General Terms: Beating Reaching Running Points of Sail gives us more specific terms.

11 -Review- Points of Sail See Basic Keelboat, p. 15See Sail, p. 115

12 -Review- Terminology for Changing our Heading Always relative to the direction of the wind: -“Head up”, “Heading up”, “Come up”, “Bring it up”, “Sail closer”, “A little tighter” -“Head down”, “Head off”, “Back off”, “Bear off”, “Bear away”, “Fall off”, “Not so close” Basic Keelboat, pp ; Sail, Glossary

13 -Review- Even the Sails Act Differently Depending on the Point of Sail - “Pull Mode” vs. “Push Mode” - Basic Keelboat, pp Sail, p. 79, par. 37, last sentence - Illustrate “Pull Mode”: Do Bernoulli Effect exercise with spoon under faucet.

14 How You Trim the Sails Differs Depending on the Point of Sail Basic Keelboat, pp General Guidelines –Pull Mode –Push Mode Using Telltales in Pull Mode –Basic Keelboat, pp

15 Turning the Boat so that the Wind is on the Other Side With wind in front: Tacking, or Coming About With wind in back: Jibing

16 Tacking (Coming About) Commands: Ready about? (or ready to tack?) Ready! Tacking (or hard alee, or helms alee)! Basic Keelboat, pp , Sail, pp

17 Tacking Videos, Discussion Tacking Videos - Observe: What are people doing to execute the tack? Working the sheets Helming

18 Jibing Commands: Ready to jibe? Ready! Jibe ho! Basic Keelboat, pp , Sail, pp

19 Sailing Preparation - Sails Basic Keelboat, pp Headsail, hank-on: Hank luff to the forestay. Tie jib sheets to the clew using bowline knot. Headsail, roller furling: nothing Mainsail: Remove cover Attach halyard Run mainsheet (if necessary)

20 Sail Control Equipment Students Comment and Ask Questions Can you Identify All of this Equipment on Our Boats? Basic Keelboat, pp Sail, sec. 6

21 Tiller Steering Leslie – Discuss your Experience –Basic Keelboat, p. 37 –Sail, p. 13

22 Crew Positions and Responsibilities: Overview What might you be expected to do during OTW outings? Basic Keelboat, p. 36

23 Helmsman Responsibilities - Keep Watch (Helmsman has primary responsibility; others share the responsibility). - Boats, Barges, Deadheads, Buoys, Shallow Water - Stay on Point of Sail - Sailing Downwind: Guard vs. Inadvertent Jibe - Responding to Wind Shifts (Basic Keelboat, pp ) - Sometimes commands Tacks/Jibes

24 Crew Responsibilities: Tailing and Grinding - Self-Tailing Winches vs. Non-Self-Tailing Winches - Use of Winches, Winch Handles - Basic Keelboat, p. 33; Sail, pp Handling Working Sheet and Lazy Sheet - Tying off Working Sheet

25 Mainsheet Trimmer Responsibilities - Sail Trim - Pulling in Mainsheet prior to Jibing - Adjust Mainsheet Traveler

26 Other Crew Activities, Departing Remove canvas, instrument covers Hank-on headsail Tie/run jib sheets Run main sheet Attach halyards Untie dock lines Stow fenders Close life-line gate

27 Other Crew Activities, Returning Open life-line gate Deploy fenders Positioned to step quickly off onto dock Tie Boat to the dock, Basic Keelboat, p. 49 Fold/bag headsail Remove/coil jib sheets Flake mainsail, stow lazy jacks Stow main sheet Position canvas, instrument covers

28 True vs. Apparent Wind: Quick Definition - True Wind - Boat Wind - Apparent Wind - Implications for Sailing – Will consider more on another day.

29 Sail Book, Section 13 Helmsmanship

30 Steering Tiller vs. Wheel Steering Which Way Do I Move the Tiller?

31 Steering Issues Common Beginner Problems Over-Steering Steering a Straight Course Pinching – too close Sailing “Low” – too far off

32 Responding to Changes in Apparent Wind Gusts Lift Header

33 Telltales Overview of Issues What are they? How should they ideally look? How do you know which way to turn to make them flow smoothly?

34 Alternative Ways to Adjust Air Flow over Sails Helm Adjustment Sail Trim Adjustment Which to Do?

35 Jib Telltales Jib Telltales – What you want to see in pull mode

36 Jib Telltales What to Do when They Break? - If a telltale is not flowing back, is breaking – It needs more air! - Windward telltale is breaking? Then back off or sheet in! - Leeward telltale is breaking, then come up or sheet out!

37 Mainsail Telltales Mainsail Telltales – What you want to see in pull mode

38 Mainsail Telltales What to Do when They Break? - If a telltale is not smoothly flowing back, is breaking – Need to adjust! - Breaking to leeward? Then come up or sheet out! - Breaking to windward? Then back off or sheet in!

39 Helmsman’s BIG Responsibility when Sailing Downwind Preventing an Inadvertent Jibe when Broad Reaching, Running Broad Reaching – Watch the headsail! Running – Be even more vigilant!

40 Sail Book, Section 14 Sailing Upwind

41 Upwind Sailing What points of sail are upwind? How can we reach a destination directly upwind?

42 Tacking Commands Procedures

43 Helming a Close Haul: How Does it Feel? How does it feel when it is good? How does it feel when too close? How does it feel when gusts hit?

44 Helming a Close Haul: Problems, Tactics? What happens when a boat keeps getting over-powered in the gusts? What are solutions? How to respond to: Lift Headers

45 Sail Book, Section 15 Sailing Downwind

46 What Points of Sail are Downwind Sailing What are the two obvious points of sail for downwind sailing? How about beam reaching?

47 Beam Reaching Not usually thought of as sailing downwind, but it is downwind of the true wind. Speed? Pull mode or push mode? Use telltales?

48 Broad Reaching Maybe most common cruising point of sail Push mode Do not use telltales –Note: Ques. 8, p. 109 is wrong and should include running and broad reaching. How to trim sails on a broad reach Danger of inadvertent jibes; Use preventer?

49 Running Choices: –Possible Sail Configurations –Possible Choice of Sails –Broad Reaching Instead? Danger of inadvertent jibe Use preventer?

50 Jibing Commands Procedures “Chicken Jibe” Instead?

51 Jibe vs. Chicken Jibe

52 Sail Section Questions, Assignments for Next Week Section 13 Section 14 Section 15

53 OTW Today Up-dated weather briefing? List of people who want to sail today Assignment of people to boats will be forthcoming shortly during lunch period. Any announcements from the captains? OTW Assignment for today


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