Presentation on theme: "7.2 Nationalism at Center Stage. 5 mph 133 feet long 18 feet wide."— Presentation transcript:
7.2 Nationalism at Center Stage
5 mph 133 feet long 18 feet wide
STEAMBOAT PILOT When I was a boy, there was but one permanent ambition among my comrades in our village on the west bank of the Mississippi River. That was, to be a steamboatman. We had transient ambitions of other sorts, but they were only transient. When a circus came and went, it left us all burning to become clowns; the first negro minstrel show that came to our section left us all suffering to try that kind of life; now and then we had a hope that if we lived and were good, God would permit us to be pirates. These ambitions faded out, each in its turn; but the ambition to be a steamboatman always remained. - Life on the Mississippi
Influence of Nationalism on the Nations Courts Fulton and Livingston given charter from NY legislature river boat trade. They had exclusive rights to operate steamboats on NYs river. - Monopoly They granted license to others Ogden got NY to NJ Gibbons came along doing the same Ogden sues Gibbons saying Gibbons is illegal Gibbons vs. Ogden: o Supreme Court declares Ogden wrong – only federal govt regulate interstate trade (cell phones) o Again national over state also favors competition over monopoly
Influence of Nationalism on the Nations Courts McCulloch vs. Md Md tried to run National Bank of US out of business by taxing it J. Marshall and SC says states cant tax only federal can (power to tax is power to destroy) even within their own state If Marshall allowed this then states would be overturning laws passed by Congress BUS is constitutional
Influence of Nationalism on the Nations Courts Fletcher v Peck Georgia law violated individuals rights to enter a contract Earlier Georgia state congress had granted an sweetheart of a real estate contract to friends regarding western lands. Those Congressmen took bribes in exchange for those frontier lands. This Yazoo grant infuriated voters (propertied white males) in Ga. Election and most of those particular state Congressmen not re-elected New state Congress men promptly took back that Yazoo land grant. Those real estate friends who had gotten land under the original Yazoo grant sued the state of Ga. Said you cant take back our contract rights. A contract is a contract. J. Marshall said a contract was a contract and that included state contracts. The next legislature couldnt take that contract away. States beholden to the Constitution and its laws too!
Dartmouth College v. Woodward State of NH cannot revise the original charter of the college given in colonial times by the state itself. Charter is a contract and Consitution does not allow states to interfer with contracts. So consider: How did the SCs rulings strenghthen the federal govts control over the economy? How did the SC limit the power of the states? In what ways did the SC boost Federal power? How Influence of Nationalism on the Nations Courts
Nationalism Shapes Foreign Policy Nationalism - the belief that national concerns should be placed ahead of regional concersn or the interests of other countries Under Monroe the Secretary of State John Quincy Adams secures: 1. establishes security of the nation 2. expands the nations territory
Nationalism Shapes Foreign Policy Nationalism - the belief that national concerns should be placed ahead of regional concerns or the interests of other countries 1.Rush Bagot Treaty reduces military ships of Grt Britain on the Grt Lakes eventually border b/w 2 countries is demilitarized
Nationalism Shapes Foreign Policy Nationalism - the belief that national concerns should be placed ahead of regional concerns or the interests of other countries 2.Convention of fixed the northern border of the US at 49th parallel later reaches compromose w/GB - joint occupation of Oregon for 10 years 49th parallel
Nationalism Shapes Foreign Policy Nationalism - the belief that national concerns should be placed ahead of regional concerns or the interests of other countries 3.Adams- Onis Treaty Spain, too weak to protect New World interests, ceded Florida to US also gives up any claim to Oregon
Nationalism Shapes Foreign Policy 4. Monroe Doctrine Sp and Portugal defeat Napoleaon in Tried to regain LA territories. Russia - in Alaska begins to establish trading posts in California territories US must do something! Russian incursion poses threat to US profitable trade with China! Many Americans want Cuba and northern Mexico What will James Monroe do?
Monroe Doctrine warns all outside powers not to interfere w/ affairs in the Western Hemisphere do not try to estb colonies here do not try to overthrow newly created independent republics in this hemisphere if you try to do this we will consider it dangerous to our peace and safety We promise to stay out of European affairs and they must promise not to interfere with existing status quo in Western Hemisphere a.k.a. we will stay out of your backyard if you stay out of ours
Nationalism Pushes America West Settlers busy moving into NW Territory: Ohio - Indiana - Illinois - Wisconsin _ Michigan
Nationalism Pushes America West Why go west? 1. escape debts 2. escape the law 3. searching for economic gain (land is cheap!) 4. social gains; easy to change status/occupations
Nationalism Pushes America West What is the legislation on becoming a state? NW Ordinance of 1787
Nationalism Pushes America West 1819 Missiouri reaches pop. of 60,000 and applies for statehood TROUBLE! up until then had 10 free and 10 slave states NOW WHAT? Illinois admitted as free state Alabama is admitted as slave state NOW WHAT!
Nationalism Pushes America West 1820 Missiouris status is critical to the balance of power b/t free and slave states (in Congress)... there is talk of civil war (clue: real civil war begins 1860) Henry Clay to the rescue with a compromise
Nationalism Pushes America West Maine admitted free/ Missouri admitted slave the rest of the Louisiana Territory was split into 2 spheres of interest (slave and free) dividing line north of this is free south of this is slave