Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7- Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 7- Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism
2The Industrial Revolution Let’s look at the preview questions:How do you think new inventions of the Industrial Revolution might further divide North and South?Predict what types of things might have been done to lessen tensions.Are there still tensions between different regions? What are they?
3The North The North: becomes more industrialized The Lowell Factory – Lowell, MAexemplified the changes brought on by the Indust. RevolutionBooming manufacturing center, textilesOpportunities for women
4The North Farmers in the North had little motivation to use slaves. crops did not require as much labor to grow, had smaller farmsmany began to speak out against slaveryMost northern states abolish slavery by 1804
5The South The Cotton Gin: patented by Eli Whitney in 1793 Turned much of the South into a “Cotton Kingdom”Effect on slavery?Increases from 700,000 to 1,200,000 from
6The American System James Madison tries to unite the country Proposes a plan to tie all regions together through transportation, tariffs, and a national bankHenry Clay calls it the American System
7The National Road and Erie Canal Early forms of railroad to connect the regions of the countryNational Road built in Eventually extends from Maryland to Illinois.Erie Canal (completed in 1825) connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes
8The “Era of Good Feelings” Tariff of 1816American products more expensive than foreign goodsProtective tariff placed on foreign goodsNorthern Reaction: +Southern Reaction: -Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun helped gain support for the tariff
9The “Era of Good Feelings” National Bank: Second Bank of United States (BUS)create a nationally accepted currencyReception less dividedWould make trade easier in different regionsJames Monroe elected in the “Era of Good Feelings”
10Section 2- Nationalism at Center Stage Robert Fulton’s steamboat-1807150 miles up the Hudson in 32 hoursMethod of transportation spread quickly to different regionsHelped unite economic life of the North and South
11The Supreme Court Boosts National Power Marshall CourtJohn Marshall, a Federalist, was appointed by John Adams in 1801 and served as Chief Justice for 34 years.He transformed nationalistic ideas into court decisions, which increased federal power and aided economic development.Marshall elevated the prestige of the Supreme Court and strengthened its power
12Supreme Court Boosts National Power Gibbons v. Ogden 1824-Supreme Court CaseAaron Ogden- worked for Fulton’s steamboat serviceClaimed only he could run a steamboat service on the HudsonThomas Gibbons began running a steamboat service- Ogden sues and takes him to courtCourt rules with Gibbons-interstate commerce could only be regulated by fed. GovernmentLong term- government can regulate ANYTHING that crosses state lines.
13Supreme Court Boosts National Power McCulloch v Maryland 1819-Supreme Court CaseMaryland had levied a high tax on the local branch of the National Bank of the U.S.- hoped to make it failCourt ruled against Maryland and claimedthe National Bank to be constitutional.One of many cases that strengthened thefederal government.Chief Justice John Marshall(in office )
14Nationalism helps shape foreign policy National interests should be placed ahead of regional concerns and foreign interests.Strongly supported by President James Monroe and Secretary of State John Quincy AdamsJohn Quincy Adams
15Nationalism vs. Patriotism “Nationalism is the habit of assuming that human beings can be classified like insects and that whole blocks of millions or tens of millions of people can be confidently labeled 'good' or 'bad‘” -George Orwell He goes on to make the differentiation between “nationalism” and “patriotism.” Patriotism, Orwell states, is harmless. It is a love of native culture, and the patriot has no need to impose that culture on others. But history is indeed littered with examples of triumphal nationalism, the notion of the nation as a claim to superiority.
16NationalismNationalism- Good or Bad? Somewhere in between? Talk to your partner about this.
17Territory and Boundaries John Quincy Adams- Sec. of State AccomplishmentsRush-Bagot Treaty, U.S. and Canada demilitarize their common border.Convention of compromised with Britain to jointly rule Oregon territory, moved U.S. border at the 49th parallel up to the Rocky MountainsAdams-Onis Treaty Spain, too weak to manage colonies, cedes Florida to the U.S. and gave up claims to Oregon Territory
19The Monroe Doctrine 1823Developments in Europe lead to interests in Latin American colonies by European nations.The Monroe Doctrine 1823Message to Congress by President MonroeWarns European nations not to interfere with affairs in the Western HemisphereU.S. would consider such action “dangerous to our peace and safety.”The U.S. would not interfere in Europeanaffairs or existing colonies.
20GO WEST! Westward Expansion 1817-1830s Americans headed to the Northwest Territory (Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan)Most went for economic gains
21The Missouri Compromise When population of a territory reached 60,000 its people could petition for statehoodIn 1819, there were 11 free states and 11 slave statesMissouri petitions for statehood in slave or free?Hostilities between North and South over MissouriHenry Clay proposes the Missouri Compromise:1. Maine- admitted as a free state; Missouri- slave state’ line established for Louisiana Territory-slavery legal south of the line ; illegal north of the line except Missouri
22The Missouri Compromise Discuss with your partner how the Missouri Compromise was a victory for both the North and South. Predict how the compromise could lead to future problems.