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1 Contra Costa Football Officials Association New Officials Training Session No. 2 Basic Definitions / The Anatomy of a Play / Working with the Chains.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Contra Costa Football Officials Association New Officials Training Session No. 2 Basic Definitions / The Anatomy of a Play / Working with the Chains."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Contra Costa Football Officials Association New Officials Training Session No. 2 Basic Definitions / The Anatomy of a Play / Working with the Chains

2 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 2 Todays Agenda Session 1 Quiz, Discussion and Review Basic Definitions for the New Official (Rule 2) Fundamentals – The Scrimmage Formation Pre- Snap (Rule 7-1 and 7-2) Working with the Chains etc Line Up, Encroachment, False Start, Motion/Shifts Rules, Mechanics, Keys, Signals What down is it? First Downs Rules, Mechanics, Keys, Signals

3 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 3 Session 1 Quiz Discussion and Review Pregame Duties Video

4 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 4 BASIC DEFINITIONS Rule 2

5 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 5 Basic Definitions Neutral Zone, Line of Scrimmage Dead Ball, Live Ball Catch, Recovery, Touching Fumble, Muff Scrimmage Kick, Free Kick Passing, Handing, Batting Player Possession, Team Possession Ready for Play Rules, Mechanics, Keys, Signals

6 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 6 Neutral Zone, Lines of Scrimmage Neutral Zone (2-28) 10 yard separation between R and K on free kick Width of the ball and across the field during a scrimmage down Lines of Scrimmage (2-25) Vertical planes on either side of the neutral zone during a scrimmage down You are on the line essentially if you are within one yard of the line of scrimmage

7 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 7 Dead Ball, Live Ball Dead Ball (2-1-1) A ball not in play; essentially the interval between downs Seldom does the officials whistle kill the ball – it is already dead by rule when the whistle blows No live ball foul causes the ball to become dead Live ball (2-1-2) A ball that is in play Becomes live when it is legally snapped Becomes live moment it is legally kicked on a kickoff

8 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 8 Catch, Recovery, Touching Catch (2-4) Gaining possession of a live ball in flight and First contacting the ground in bounds while maintaining possession of the ball Recovery (2-36) Gaining possession of a live ball after it strikes the ground and First contacting the ground in bounds while maintaining possession of the ball Touching (2-44) Any contact with a live ball Either touching it or being touched by it Touching always precedes possession

9 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 9 Fumble, Muff Fumble (2-18) Loss of Player Possession other than by handing, passing or a legal kick Muff (2-27) Touching of a loose ball in an unsuccessful attempt to secure possession

10 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 10 Scrimmage Kick, Free Kick Scrimmage Kick (2-24-4) Legal Kick from in or behind the neutral zone Can be place kick, punt or drop kick Free Kick (2-24-3) A Kickoff putting ball in play: To start the half After a score (TD, FG, Safety) After a fair catch (dont worry about that) Must be a place kick or drop kick (for kickoff after a safety may be a punt) A kick is a kick until a player secures possession (catch or recovery)

11 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 11 Passing, Handing, Batting Passing (2-31) Throwing a ball The ball must travel in flight Forward vs. Backward Passes Handing (2-19) Transferring possession to a teammate without ball traveling in flight Forward vs. Backward handing Batting (2-2) Intentionally slapping or striking the ball with the arm or hand

12 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 12 Player vs. Team Possession Player Possession (2-34-1) A live ball held or controlled by a player Player in possession of the ball is the Runner Team Possession (2-34-2) Ball in player possession One that is loose following loss of player possession A live ball is always in possession of one of the teams

13 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 13 Ready for Play (2-35) Occurs when the Referee signals (chop / whistle) that the ball may now be put in play Start of the 25 second count Start of various restrictions on position and movement of the players

14 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 14 FIELD WORK Pre-snap signaling Working with Chains

15 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 15 ON FIELD WORK Chain Crew Accident Another Chain Crew Accident Chain Gang Video 1 Pre-snap signaling Chain practice

16 Fundamentals The Scrimmage Formation – Pre-Snap Rule 7-1 & 7-2 Encroachment False Start Getting Set, Shifts & Motion

17 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 17 The Fundamentals of the Scrimmage Formation; Pre-Snap Everyone Verify Correct Down Hand up until Ready for Play showing down Move to other finger at RFP Umpire Count Defense Every Down & Signal to Referee If 11 - Fist If 10 – spread fingers; hands on chest If 12 – count again; then penalty Flanks Position yourself outside the sideline Mark Offensive Scrimmage Line my foot is the line Widest Receiver – On or Off? / Signal to other flank If both off; count backfield – no more than 4

18 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 18 Encroachment Rule After RFP no A or B player may be in neutral zone Immediate foul no getting back Youth and early in season – Use some judgment Mechanic Throw flag, blow whistle, signal timeout, come down line to report to Referee Primarily Flanks call; U has wrong perspective Key = Snapper to your sideline Off & Def Signal & Subtleties Throw flag up and slightly towards side of line of team that fouled

19 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 19 False Start Rule Applies only to A After a player Is set he can make no motion simulating a snap A down lineman once down is locked down Mechanic Throw flag, blow whistle, signal time out, come down line to report to Referee Keys Flanks (snapper to sideline, wideouts) U (Interior line, primarily snapper to opposite tackle) Signal & Subtleties Flank - Throw flag up and slightly towards A side of line Umpire – Toss flag underhand to feet of player who fouled

20 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 20 Is it Encroachment or a False Start? Come in to center to discuss with crew Must establish which happened first – that is what it is

21 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 21 Getting Set, Shift, Motion Rule: After RFP and after each shift at some point prior to the snap all A players must be simultaneously motionless for 1 second Shift = two players moving at same time At snap only one player can be in motion and that motion must not be forward Mechanic NOT a foul until the snap Key R, HL, LJ all can call illegal shift Illegal motion – HL, LJ take motion away from them NOT the umpires call Subtlety Throw flag up, let play go and continue to officiate

22 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 22 First Downs & Measurements

23 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 23 Mechanics for First Down Line Judge: Signal Time out (Twice) Point downfield hand on chest to indicate 1 st down gained Shout Close if it is too close to call and Referee will come up to line and make decision Referee will: Decide to measure or not Give first down signal Head Linesman Only after Referee signals should chains be moved Mark spot of back chain with foot – back stake is at front tip of the ball Have clip attached to the back of the closest line Chains to be set 6 feet off sidelines

24 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 24 Measurements Four Person Crew – Head Linesman Pre-Measurement Down marker to front stake – show old down Grasp chain and clip Escort crew onto the field The Measurement Place clip where indicated by LJ Hold firmly and say ready Post-Measurement If NOT a first down Holding clip and chain escort crew to sideline and reset Move box to correct spot and show correct down If a first down You can release clip and chain and move to sideline to reset chain as any first down

25 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 25 Measurements Four Person Crew – Line Judge Pre-Measurement Set bean bag at appropriate marked line directly up field from ball The Measurement Observe players – everyone else is focused on measurement Post-Measurement Double check HL positioning of chains Double check down

26 July 9, 2011 Anatomy of a Play 26 Measurements Four Person Crew – Umpire Pre-Measurement Set bean bag at front tip of ball Hold ball steady The Measurement Take front stake and when HL says ready slowly stretch chain so that it is along ball Allow Referee a clear sight path to make call Hand Stake back to chain crew member Post-Measurement Double check HL positioning of chains Double check down


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