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IACAO FB Dec. 20051 National Federation 4 Person Mechanics Football.

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Presentation on theme: "IACAO FB Dec. 20051 National Federation 4 Person Mechanics Football."— Presentation transcript:

1 IACAO FB Dec National Federation 4 Person Mechanics Football

2 2 Football Mechanics Criteria Communication Communication Field Positions Field Positions Keys & General Mechanics Keys & General Mechanics

3 3 Mechanics – 4 man Before Kickoff Before Kickoff After Kickoff After Kickoff Basic Scrimmage Position Basic Scrimmage Position Prior to the Snap Prior to the Snap Running Plays Running Plays Passing Plays Passing Plays

4 4 Mechanics 4 man (contd) Scrimmage Kicks Scrimmage Kicks SKs - Field Goals & Try Attempts SKs - Field Goals & Try Attempts SKs – Field Goals & Try Fakes SKs – Field Goals & Try Fakes Goal Line – Inside 10 yard line Goal Line – Inside 10 yard line Measurements Measurements

5 5 Before Kickoff G G R UH Referee Position near Rs 10-yard line opposite Linesman Count R Players Check other officials in position and signal ball ready for play after other officials and kicker ready LJ

6 6 Before Kickoff G G U Umpire Position on Rs 20 yard line opposite Line Judge Count R Players Ensure coaches, players, substitutes in proper location Hold hand in air to inform Referee ready

7 7 Before Kickoff G G H Linesman Position on K free- kick line Hand ball to kicker and point out Referee. Inform to wait for ready for play signal Count K Players Move to sideline with line-to-gain equipment and hold hand in the air to inform Referee ready

8 8 Before Kickoff G G LJ Line Judge Position on Rs Free Kick line and identity Move to side line opposite Linesman Ensure coaches, players, substitutes and others in proper location Count K Hold arm in air to inform Referee ready

9 9 After Kickoff G G Referee Deep Kicks, Be ready to rule on touchback or player momentum Kicks middle or your side, Start Clock when kick is touched (other than first touching by K) Pick up runner and follow until released to covering official RLJ

10 10 After Kickoff G G Referee Determine if kick goes out of bounds and flag if not touched by R Kicks opposite side, move cautiously with play Observe actions behind play and clean up R

11 11 After Kickoff G G Umpire Kicks your side, start clock when kick is touched (other than first touching by K) Pick up runner and follow until released to Linesman Once you release runner, observe action behind play Maintain responsibility for you sideline U H

12 12 After Kickoff G G Umpire Determine if kick goes out of bounds and flag if not touched by R Kicks opposite side, move cautiously with play Observe actions behind play and clean up U

13 13 After Kickoff G G Linesman Watch for free-kick line infractions Help Line Judge rule on first touching by K prior to Rs free- kick line and bean bag in necessary Watch initial blocks near Rs free-kick line and blocks on kicker / holder Administer fouls prior to kickoff H

14 14 After Kickoff G G Linesman Kicks to your Side Move down the sideline to area to best officiate depending on kick keeping spacing with Umpire Determine if kick goes out of bounds and flag if R has not touched ball Pick up responsibility for runner from Umpire and follow to goal line HU

15 15 After Kickoff G G Linesmen Kick Opposite side Move cautiously toward play being ready to rule on your sideline if play reverses Observe action of player in vicinity of runner and watch for fouls away from the ball Assist Line Judge with goal line on long runs H

16 16 After Kickoff G G Line Judge Watch for free-kick line infractions Be Alert for first touching by K prior to Rs free-kick line and bean bag if necessary LJ

17 17 After Kickoff G G LJ Line Judge Kick to your side Move down sideline while watching for fouls and to area best to officiate depending on the kick, keeping spacing with Referee Determine if kick goes out of bounds and flag if not touched by R Pick up responsibility for the runner from Referee and follow to goal line R

18 18 After Kickoff G G LJ Line Judge Kick Opposite Side Move cautiously toward play being ready to rule on your sideline if play reverses Observe action of player in vicinity of runner and watch for fouls away from the ball Help Linesman with goal line on long runs

19 19 Basic Scrimmage Position G R U Referee As backfield 3 to 4 yards behind deepest back on passing arm of Quarterback able to view opposite side tackle Umpire 3 to 8 yards off ball as to not interfere with vision or movement of defensive backs.

20 20 Basic Scrimmage Position G R H U Linesman & Line Judge Start on side line straddling line-of- scrimmage. LJ

21 21 Prior to Snap (All Plays) G R Referee Declare ball ready-for- play Count A players Responsible for 25 second count Check players set for one second prior to snap. Watch for snap infractions, illegal shifts, and false starts

22 22 Prior to Snap (All Plays) G U Umpire Vary position as to not block view of B players or allow A to use you as interference Count A Players Check five players on line numbered 50 to 79 Be ready to rule on snap infractions, false starts, encroachments, disconcerting signals by defense and be aware of B players line up in free blocking zone

23 23 Prior to Snap (All Plays) G H Linesman & Line Judge Check down number on box and signal down Extend arm back to indicate A player closes to you off the line-of-scrimmage Check to see if all backs, flankers, split ends in legal position and check eligibility Determine if player in motion movement is legal LJ

24 24 G H Linesman & Line Judge Check for seven on the line-of-scrimmage Help in determining false start, encroachment, interference with snap Count B players and be alert for illegal substitutes Key off tackle for run / pass 1 2 Prior to Snap (All Plays) LJ

25 25 Running Play G R Referee Key opposite guard / tackle Responsible for ball carrier and action around him to the neutral zone

26 26 Running Play G R Referee Move behind play toward side of field which plays advances and cover runner until reaching neutral zone or if down near line-of- scrimmage Watch action behind ball and away from runner, action on quarterback, and backward or forward passes.

27 27 Running Play G R Referee When ball is dead, move to location and signal next down Help relay ball and assist umpire with spot If first down, stop clock and signal Make sure all officials ready to go before signal ball ready for play

28 28 Running Play G U Umpire Read point of attack Watch line play for illegal action around ball carrier and in free blocking zone Move accordingly depending play working inside out Be alert for fumbles beyond neutral zone and help determine who gains possession After play spot ball

29 29 Running Play G H Linesman Action toward you Work off the field Observe actions of linemen your side and blockers in front of ball carrier Pick up responsibility of ball carrier, mark forward progress and stop clock if out of bounds Follow runner to goal line

30 30 Running Play G H Linesman Action away from you Move cautiously onto field ready for reverse action Observe action behind play Be ready to help with forward progress spot or goal line

31 31 Running Play G LJ Line Judge Action toward you Work off the field Observe actions of linemen your side and blockers in front of ball carrier Pick up responsibility of ball carrier, mark forward progress and stop clock if out of bounds Follow runner to goal line

32 32 Running Play G LJ Line Judge Action away from you Move cautiously onto field ready for reverse action Observe action behind play Be ready to help with forward progress spot or goal line

33 33 Passing Plays G R Referee Key opposite guard / tackle Watch blocking Remain wider and deeper than passer After pass released, verbally alert defenders and observe action on passer not ball Determine pass forward or backward

34 34 Passing Plays G R Referee Sole responsibility for intentional grounding, however, can get assistance from covering official Determine if passer crosses neutral zone Continue to observe action behind neutral zone before leaving

35 35 Passing Plays G U Umpire Watch for Illegal contact in free blocking zone Move to line-of- scrimmage Observe action of players in and just behind neutral zone Assist Referee in determining if forward pass released beyond neutral zone

36 36 Passing Plays G U Umpire Know if ball tipped at line-of-scrimmage Pivot after pass crosses neutral zone and assist on determining catch or no catch

37 37 Passing Plays G H Linesman & Line Judge Watch initial action off line for defensive holding Move downfield cautiously on passes to your side and be ready to adjust back for run Be ready to rule on pass incomplete / complete and interference LJ

38 38 Passing Plays G Linesman & Line Judge If ball intercepted, observe action until ball is dead, covering official stop clock and signal first down, if inside defensive 5 yard line, be ready to rule on momentum If incomplete pass in your area, sound whistle and signal Be alert for illegal passes Rule on touching or catching by ineligibles H R U LJ

39 39 Scrimmage Kick G G Referee Position 3-4 yards in front of kicker, 5-7 yards wide on Line Judge side Be able to see ball and all backs Watch for fouls behind neutral zone and roughing / running into kicker Be alert for blocked kicks and recovery R

40 40 Scrimmage Kick G G Referee After ball crosses neutral zone, observe line play and move down field slowly If necessary, determine if ball was touched beyond the neutral zone and by whom Be ready to pick up runner on long run and continue with him to goal line R

41 41 Scrimmage Kick G G LJ Referee If ball kicked out of bounds in flight, assist the covering official with spot In no foul, signal linesmen and line- to-gain equipment into position for next play Make sure all officials ready prior to giving ready-for- play signal H R

42 42 Scrimmage Kick G G Umpire Position 4 to 7 yards deep, keeping ball in view Check numbering exceptions After snap, step toward neutral zone watching for possible roughing of snapper, then shift to blocking action U

43 43 Scrimmage Kick G G Umpire Determine if kick crosses neutral zone Assist Referee with short or blocked kicks Once kick crosses neutral zone, pivot and observe blocks downfield and players away from ball U

44 44 Scrimmage Kick G G H Lineman Cover kicks to your side of field If out of bounds in flight, move past were ball went out and walk forward until Referee spots you Grounded kicks out of bounds, mark spot and observe action

45 45 Scrimmage Kick G G H Lineman Help Referee with short or blocked kicks and note spot of recovery Bean bag spot of first touching and end of kick Be ready for fair catch and blow whistle only after kick is secured

46 46 Scrimmage Kick G G H Lineman Routine kick, move downfield cautiously observer action in front of ball carrier Move with runner to your sideline and follow until goal line Only move line to gain equipment when sure no foul on play and signaled by Referee

47 47 Scrimmage Kick G G LJ Line Judge Position 7 to 10 yards in front of deepest receiver and in position to cover sideline Carry bean bag in hand Be ready to rule on momentum inside 5 yard line Observe initial action around receiver

48 48 Scrimmage Kick G G LJ Line Judge Drop Bean Bag to mark end of kick Maintain responsibility of ball carrier on returns up the middle and to your side until released to other official

49 49 Scrimmage Kick G G LJ Line Judge If out of bounds in flight, move past were ball went out and walk forward until Referee spots you Grounded kicks out of bounds, mark spot and observe action Returns to Linesman side, move slowly behind play observe all action

50 50 Scrimmage Kick G G LJ Line Judge If K first to touch, mark spot of first touching with bean bag If fair catch is signaled, sound whistle after kick is complete, and mark spot Be ready for muff

51 51 Field Goal and Try Attempts G R Referee Position 1 yard behind and 2 to 3 yards to side of kicker able to see kicker and holder Rule on motion of backs Be ready for fumble or fake After kick, move behind kicker to Judge whether ball goes between uprights If Try is blocked, sound whistle, Field Goal, ball is live

52 52 Field Goal and Try Attempts G U Umpire Position 5 to 7 yards deep keeping ball in view and checking numbering exceptions After snap, step toward neutral zone watching for roughing the snapper After kick crosses neutral zone, pivot to line judge side and assist with coverage

53 53 Field Goal and Try Attempts G H Linesman Position on line-of- scrimmage Watch line play and for Roughing the Holder of Kicker

54 54 Field Goal and Try Attempts G LJ Line Judge Position on line-of- scrimmage Handle same as any goal line play After snap, move towards end line and determine if ball clears cross bar Sound whistle when ball crosses plane of end zone If unsuccessful, signal no score If field goal attempt, signal touchback

55 55 Field Goal and Try Attempts G R Referee Outside 15 yards Move to side vacated by line judge Responsible for kicker and holder Cover as scrimmage kick

56 56 Field Goal and Try Attempts G H Umpire and Linesman Outside 15 yards Cover same as scrimmage kick U

57 57 Field Goal and Try Attempts G LJ Line Judge Outside 15 yards Position under uprights Sound whistle when ball crosses plane of end zone and rule on kick If successful signal score If unsuccessful, signal no score and if field goal attempt, signal touchback If field goal does not cross plane, move to sideline and handle as scrimmage kick

58 58 Goal-Line Plays (Inside 10 yards) G R Referee Same Coverage as Running and Passing Plays Umpire Move up to goal line, be ready to move to end line if necessary on pass Linesman Move to goal line and work back on play U H LJ

59 59 Goal-Line Plays (Inside 10 yards) G R All Officials ONLY signal Touchdown if you see ball cross goal line (primary coverage is wing officials – U should communicate to make sure wing officials do not have play over in FOP!) Do NOT mirror signal Communicate on dual coverage areas U H LJ

60 60 Measurement G U Line Judge Align Linesman up with line and ball Linesman Walk chains out, place clip on line and hold Umpire After Linesman ready, pull chain Referee Hold ball and determine if ball across line-to-gain H R LJ

61 61 4 Person Football Mechanics Presentation Prepared for the IHSA by: –Tim Kiefer Edited by: –Octavio Herrera


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