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January 20121 Xtreme South Football League 5 Man Mechanics Edited byDavid Smith Director of Officials.

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Presentation on theme: "January 20121 Xtreme South Football League 5 Man Mechanics Edited byDavid Smith Director of Officials."— Presentation transcript:

1 January Xtreme South Football League 5 Man Mechanics Edited byDavid Smith Director of Officials

2 2 Mechanics – 5 man XSFL Mechanics – 5 man Coin Toss Coin Toss Breaking the Star Breaking the Star Before Kickoff Before Kickoff After Kickoff After Kickoff Basic Scrimmage Position Basic Scrimmage Position Prior to the Snap Prior to the Snap Running Plays Running Plays

3 3 Mechanics 5 man (contd) XSFL Mechanics 5 man (contd) Passing Plays Passing Plays Scrimmage Kicks Scrimmage Kicks SKs - Field Goals & Try Attempts SKs - Field Goals & Try Attempts SKs – Field Goals & Try Fakes SKs – Field Goals & Try Fakes Goal Line – Inside 10 yard line Goal Line – Inside 10 yard line Measurements Measurements

4 4 Coin Toss G G R LJ H Referee / Umpire Position on the 45 yard lines on press box side. R on the right hand side facing mid field. When LJ and BJ have captains ready, Jog out to middle of field together U BJ PRESS BOX

5 5 Coin Toss G G R LJ H Referee Will motion for Captains to come out BJ / LJ Have captains aligned with speaking captain on end next to Referee Escort Captains to the top of the numbers Release captains on to R / U Then move over to the 50 at top of the numbers U BJ PRESS BOX

6 6 Star Positions G G R H Line Judge Will bring football in from the home team side and give to Back Judge After final instructions from Referee ALL Break and hustle to Kickoff Positions BJ U PRESS BOX LJ

7 7 Before Kickoff G G BJ Back Judge Position on Ks free-kick line Hand ball to kicker and advise Referee location. Inform K to wait for RFP signal Count K Players Move to sideline on press box side Hold hand in the air to inform Referee when ready PRESS BOX

8 8 Before Kickoff G G LJ Line Judge Position on Rs 10 yard line on press box side Count R Players Ensure coaches, players, substitutes are in proper location Hold hand in air to inform Referee when ready PRESS BOX

9 9 Before Kickoff G G H Linesman Position on Rs 10 yard line with line-to- gain equipment Ensure coaches, players, substitutes and others in proper location Count R Players Hold hand in the air to inform Referee when ready PRESS BOX

10 10 Before Kickoff G G U Umpire Move to Rs Free Kick line opposite the press box on side line Ensure coaches, players, substitutes and others in proper location Count K players and signal to Back Judge Hold arm in air to inform Referee when ready PRESS BOX

11 11 Before Kickoff G G R LJ H Referee Position near Rs 5 yard line center of field Count R Players signal to H and L Check other officials in position and signal ball ready for play Make sure K has at least 4 players on either side of ball when kicked U BJ PRESS BOX

12 12 After Kickoff G G Referee Kicks middle, start clock when kick is touched (other than first touching by K) Cover goal line Pick up runner and follow until released to covering official Watch blocks No more than 2 players may be wedge blocking for R If Kick is caught in end zone it may be returned R PRESS BOX

13 13 After Kickoff G G Referee If kick goes OOB determine if touched by R inbounds If kick touches ground then goes into end zone or receiver catches in end zone and takes a knee, move in front of receiver, sound whistle, signal touchback Kicks outside inbounds lines, move cautiously with play Observe actions behind play and clean up. Watch blocks R PRESS BOX

14 14 After Kickoff G G Line Judge On deep kicks to corner move toward pillion to rule on kick OOB or Touchback observe blocks on 2 widest K players on your side On kicks middle or your side, start Clock when kick is touched (other than first touching by K) observe blocks on 2 widest K players on your side Pick up runner and follow until released to Back Judge Kicks opposite side, move cautiously with play observe actions behind play and clean up LJ BJ PRESS BOX

15 15 After Kickoff G G Linesman On deep kicks to corner move toward pillion to rule on kick OOB or Touchback On kicks middle or your side, start Clock when kick is touched (other than first touching by K) observe blocks on 2 widest K players to your side Pick up runner and follow until released to Umpire Kicks opposite side, move cautiously with play observe actions behind play and clean up HU PRESS BOX

16 16 After Kickoff G G Umpire Watch for free-kick line infractions (LBF drop flag) Be Alert for first touching by K prior to Rs free-kick line and bean bag if necessary Determine if kick goes OOB and flag if not touched by R Pick up runner from Linesman on long runs U PRESS BOX

17 17 After Kickoff G G U Umpire Kick Opposite Side Move cautiously toward play being ready to rule on your sideline if play reverses (Stay wide) Observe action of players in your area watch for fouls away from the ball Help Back Judge with goal line on long runs PRESS BOX

18 18 After Kickoff G G BJ Back Judge Watch for off sides by the kicking team (LBF drop flag) Watch action on or by kicker (Cheep Shots) Determine if kick goes OOB and flag if not touched by R Move down sideline while watching for fouls Keep spacing with Line Judge Pick up runner from Line judge responsibility for the goal line on long returns LJ PRESS BOX

19 19 G G R LJ H Alignment Umpire will move up to Kickers free kick line Opposite the press box with BJ H / LJ will move up to Receivers free kick line Be alert for first touching with bean bag in hand raise hand when ready Referee take normal position deep. Check that all officials are ready, then give RFP U BJ PRESS BOX Obvious Onside Kick

20 20 Basic Scrimmage Position G R U Referee As backfield 14 – 16 yards behind LOS* on Throwing arm side of QB outside TE Must be able to view tackle on your side** and football Keys Snap, Tackle, Ball Umpire 5 to 8 yards off ball as to not interfere with vision or movement of Linebackers or defensive backs.

21 21 Basic Scrimmage Position G R H U Linesman & Line Judge Start on side line OFF the field straddling line-of-scrimmage. Back Judge 25 yards off the ball AND always deeper than deepest back LJ BJ

22 22 Prior to Snap (All Plays) G R Referee Declare ball ready-for- play Count A players signal to Umpire Check that all A players are set for one second prior to snap. Watch for snap infractions, illegal shifts, and false starts

23 23 Prior to Snap (All Plays) G U Umpire Vary position to not block view of B players or allow A to use you as interference Count A Players signal to Referee Check five players on line numbered Be ready to rule on snap infractions, false starts, encroachments, disconcerting signals by defense and be aware of B players line up in free blocking zone Keys center and two guards

24 24 Prior to Snap (All Plays) G H Linesman & Line Judge Check down number on box and signal down Extend arm back with fist extended toward backfield to indicate A player closest to you off the LOS Check to see if all backs, flankers, split ends in legal position and check eligibility Determine if player in motions movement is legal LJ

25 25 G H Linesman & Line Judge Check for no more than 4 in the backfield Help in determining false start, encroachment, interference with snap Count players of team on your sideline and be alert for illegal substitutes signal to Back judge when on Defense 1 2 Prior to Snap (All Plays) 3 4 LJ

26 26 G Back Judge Responsible for 25 / 40 second count Provide a visible count of the last 5 seconds when 25 / 40 second field clock is not utilized Count B players signal to Linesman or Line Judge witch ever team is on Defense Turn stance slightly to strength of formation Linesman and Line Judge will key off of you to determine their keys for pass coverage Prior to Snap (All Plays) BJ

27 27 G Balanced Formation These are initial keys until play develops then use man/zone/man coverage general zones are shown here When no strength is declared, Line Judge side considered strength Back Judge Key: End Line Judge side with Zone Linesman Key: End on his side with Zone Line Judge Key: First back out to his side with Zone Keys and Priorities (All Plays) BJ LJ H Line Judge Zone Linesman Zone

28 28 G Strength to Linesman Back Judge Key: Widest Receiver on Linemans side Linesman Key: Second receiver in on his side Line Judge Key: End his side Man/zone/man as play develops Keys and Priorities (All Plays) BJ LJ H

29 29 G Strength to Line Judge Back Judge Key: Widest Receiver on Line Judge side Linesman Key: End his side Line Judge Key: Second Receiver in on his side of formation Man Zone Man as play develops Keys and Priorities (All Plays) BJ LJ H

30 30 G Trips Formation Back Judge Key: Two outside receivers Linesman Key: End his side Line Judge Key: Inside receiver his side formation Man Zone Man as play develops Note: Reverse coverage for trips formations to Linesman side Keys and Priorities (All Plays) BJ LJ H

31 31 G Spread Formation Note: Formation is balanced Back Judge favors Line Judge side Back Judge Key: Two outside receivers Linesman Key: End to his side Line Judge Key: End to his side Man Zone Man as play develops Keys and Priorities (All Plays) BJ LJ H

32 32 G Motion Initial Coverage same as Strength to Linesman Motion to Line Judge Back Judge Key: Change to Man in Motion keeps him all the way Linesman Key: Change to End his side Line Judge Key: End his side Note H has motion man turning up before the snap. His initial move was away from H. He will keep this responsibility until the snap. Reverse if motion the other way Keys and Priorities (All Plays) BJ LJ H

33 33 G Motion Initial Coverage same as Strength to Lineman Motion to Line Judge Note: Back Judge turns to Line Judge side to indicate strength and coverage change Linesman: Switches to end on his side when motion man crosses center Line Judge: Keeps end on his side Back Judge: switches from end on Linesman side to motion man when he crosses center Keys and Priorities (All Plays) BJ LJ H

34 34 Running Play G R Referee Key Snap then tackle to your side for initial run/pass read Responsible for QB and action around him to the neutral zone Assist Umpire with watching blocks at point of attack on LOS

35 35 Running Play G R Referee Move behind play toward side of field where play advances and cover runner until reaching neutral zone or if down near line-of- scrimmage Watch action behind ball and away from runner, action on quarterback, and backward or forward passes. If runner goes out of bounds near LOS assist with bringing players and football back onto field

36 36 Running Play G R Referee When ball is dead, move to location and signal next down Help relay ball and assist umpire with spot If first down, stop clock and signal. First Down If Offense is substituting players hold Umpire over ball with both fists extended to give Defense time to match up Make sure all officials ready to go before signaling ball ready for play Note: Ready for Play not necessary when 40 Second play clock is running

37 37 Running Play G U Umpire Key Center and two guards Read point of attack (POA) Watch line play for illegal action around ball carrier and in free blocking zone Move accordingly depending on play working inside out Be alert for fumbles beyond neutral zone and help determine who gains possession After play spot ball

38 38 Running Play G H Linesman Action toward you Work OFF the field Observe actions of linemen your side and blockers in front of ball carrier Pick up responsibility of ball carrier, mark forward progress and stop clock if out of bounds hold spot and watch action out of bounds Stop clock if ball carrier crosses line to gain

39 39 Running Play G H Linesman Action away from you Move cautiously down field be ready for reverse action Observe action behind play Be ready to help with forward progress spot Accordion in after play to clean up action, then move back to position on sideline

40 40 Running Play G LJ Line Judge Action toward you Work OFF the field Observe actions of linemen your side and blockers in front of ball carrier Pick up responsibility of ball carrier, mark forward progress and stop clock if first down. When out of bounds hold spot and watch action out of bounds Stop clock if ball carrier crosses line to gain

41 41 Running Play G LJ Line Judge Action away from you Move cautiously down field ready for reverse action Observe action behind play Be ready to help with forward progress spot If the dead ball spot is near or beyond the line to gain stop clock Accordion in after play to clean up, then move back to position on sideline

42 42 Running Play G BJ Back Judge Work inside out Move to maintain triangle coverage with Umpire, Linesman or Line Judge on runs to side zones Work play to sideline and move into dead ball area assisting covering official On out of bounds runs hustle over to assist with getting players and ball back onto field Goal line responsibility on long runs U LJ

43 43 Passing Plays G R Referee Key tackle to your side Watch blocking Remain wider and deeper than passer If QB scrambles go with him he is your main responsibility After pass released, verbally alert defenders and observe action on passer not ball Help determine pass forward or backward

44 44 Passing Plays G R Referee Sole responsibility for intentional grounding; however, can get assistance from covering official Determine if passer crosses neutral zone or outside tackle box Continue to observe action behind neutral zone before leaving Note: It is not intentional grounding if passer is outside tackle box and pass must cross LOS

45 45 Passing Plays G U Umpire Watch for Illegal contact in free blocking zone Move towards line-of- scrimmage (LOS) Observe action of players in and just behind neutral zone Assist Referee in determining if forward pass released beyond neutral zone

46 46 Passing Plays G U Umpire Know if ball tipped at line-of-scrimmage (if so – give tipped signal) Pivot after pass crosses neutral zone and assist on determining catch or no catch Umpire assisted pass coverage Zone

47 47 Passing Plays G H Linesman & Line Judge Observe offense for illegal formation and ineligible receivers. Watch initial action off line for defensive holding especially if defender is pressing Move downfield cautiously (7-10 yards) on passes. Be ready to adjust back for run Be ready to rule on pass incomplete / complete and interference Note: You have out of bounds and spot all the way to goal line LJ

48 48 Passing Plays G Linesman & Line Judge If ball intercepted, observe action until ball is dead, covering official stop clock and signal first down, if inside defensive 5 yard line, be ready to rule on momentum If incomplete pass in your area, sound whistle and signal Be alert for illegal passes Rule on touching or catching by ineligibles H R U LJ

49 49 Passing Plays G Back Judge Retreat to be in position behind deepest receiver Responsible for deep receivers Be ready to rule on complete / incomplete pass and interference Move to goal line or end line if either is threatened BJ

50 50 Scrimmage Kick G G Referee Position 5 yards behind and 7 to 9 yards on kicking foot side of kicker turned at a 45 degree angle toward snapper Be able to see ball, backs and blocks Watch for fouls behind neutral zone and roughing / running into kicker Be alert for blocked kicks and recovery R

51 51 Scrimmage Kick G G Referee After ball crosses neutral zone, observe line play and move down field slowly Be ready to pick up runner on long returns and continue with him to goal line Note: Referee has goal line on blocked kicks and long kick returns R

52 52 Scrimmage Kick G G LJ Referee If ball kicked out of bounds in flight, move to spot where ball was kicked from and raise arm to assist the covering official with out of bounds spot If no foul, signal linesmen and line- to-gain equipment into position for next play Make sure all officials ready prior to giving ready-for- play signal H R

53 53 Scrimmage Kick G G Umpire Position 7-9 yards deep, on Line Judge side keeping ball in view Check numbering exceptions After snap, step toward neutral zone watching for possible roughing of snapper, then shift to blocking action U

54 54 Scrimmage Kick G G Umpire Assist Referee with short or blocked kicks Once kick crosses neutral zone, pivot and observe blocks downfield and players away from ball U

55 55 Scrimmage Kick G G H Linesman Determine if kick crosses NZ if not punch back to let everyone know that ball may be advanced by either team. Hold line-of- scrimmage until ball crosses then move slowly down field and keep spacing with Back Judge on long return assist with Goal line coverage. Grounded kicks out of bounds close to you, mark spot and observe action BJ

56 56 Scrimmage Kick G G H Linesman Help Referee with short or blocked kicks and note spot of recovery On short kicks to your side, bean bag spot of first touching and end of kick Be ready for fair catch on short kicks to your side and blow whistle only after kick is secured

57 57 Scrimmage Kick G G H Linesman Observe blocks on 2 widest players on kicking team Routine kick, move downfield cautiously observe action in front of ball carrier Move with runner to your sideline and follow to goal line Only move line to gain equipment when sure no foul on play and signaled by Referee BJ

58 58 Scrimmage Kick G G LJ Line Judge Initial Position on line of scrimmage Move down field after snap. Observe blocks on 2 widest players on kicking team Mark end of short kicks to your side only drop bean bag if in side zone right in front of you Pick up responsibility for ball carrier from Back Judge on returns to your side BJ

59 59 Scrimmage Kick G G LJ Line Judge If out of bounds in flight, move past where ball went out and walk forward until Referee spots you On grounded kicks out of bounds, mark spot and observe action On return to Linesman side, move slowly behind play observe all action

60 60 Scrimmage Kick G G LJ Line Judge If K first to touch, mark spot of first touching with bean bag If fair catch is signaled on short kicks to your side, sound whistle after kick is complete (know when Kick ends), and mark spot If muffed, sound whistle when ball is recovered. Clean up rough play

61 61 Scrimmage Kick G G BJ Back Judge Position 5 yards behind deepest receiver and 5-7 yards to Linesman side of field and in position to cover goal line Carry bean bag in hand Be ready to rule on momentum inside 5 yard line Observe action by receivers (valid or invalid fair catch signals)

62 62 Scrimmage Kick G G BJ Back Judge Drop Bean Bag to mark end of kick Maintain responsibility of ball carrier on returns up the middle and to your side until released to other official If K first to touch, mark spot of first touching with bean bag If fair catch is signaled, after kick is complete sound whistle (know when Kick ends), and mark spot Be ready for muff

63 63 Field Goal and Try Attempts (all) G R Referee Position even with and 7-9 yards to side of kicker facing holder turn at 45 toward the snapper Observe Kicker, Holder, and opposite side tackle Be ready for fumble or fake Assist Line Judge / Linesman with side line if run develops Rule on roughing kicker / holder (Do not fallow the ball)

64 64 Field Goal and Try Attempts (all) G R Referee All field goals and trys are live balls in the XSFL be ready to cover goal line at other on fire plays of if kick is blocked Signal score or no score after receiving signal from Back Judge / Line Judge

65 65 Field Goal and Try Attempts (all) G U Umpire Position 5-7 yards deep on Line Judge side keeping ball in view Check numbering exceptions After snap, step toward neutral zone watching for roughing the snapper. After kick crosses end line move in to break up rough play

66 66 Field Goal and Try Attempts G H LJ /BJ Initial positions under uprights. Rule on kick to your upright. BJ has cross bar, and sounds whistle when ball crosses end line Signal score for successful or unsuccessful for no score Linesman Position on line of scrimmage. Watch line play ALL If run or pass develops handle as goal line play BJ R U LJ

67 67 Field Goal and Try Attempts (all) G BJ Back Judge Position under uprights with LJ Sound whistle when ball crosses plane of end line and rule on kick Successful signal score, unsuccessful, signal no score and if field goal attempt, signal touchback If field goal does not cross plane, handle as scrimmage kick If field goal bounces across goal line sound whistle and signal touchback LJ Inside 25 yard line

68 68 Field Goal Attempt 25 yard line + G Back Judge Initial position will be in center of Crossbar Will have responsibility of BOTH uprights! BJ will slide to challenged upright to make appropriate ruling H/LJ will have normal LOS positions BJ H LJ

69 69 Goal-Line Plays (Inside 10 yards) G R Referee Same Coverage as Running and Passing Plays. Umpire Move to goal line AFTER ball is snapped depending on initial position. Do not give touchdown signal. communicate with wing officials if you know score was made H / L J Move to goal line and work back on play Referee has goal line on change of position U H LJ BJ

70 70 Goal-Line Plays (Inside 10 yards) G R Back Judge End line responsibility All Officials ONLY signal Touchdown if you see ball cross goal line (primary coverage is wing officials – U should communicate only) Do NOT mirror signal Communicate on dual coverage areas U H LJ BJ

71 71 Measurement G U Line Judge Align Linesman up with line and ball on chain side of ball Back Judge Place down box at front rod to hold spot of chains as back up Linesman Clip chains on back side of line. Walk chains out, place clip on line and hold Umpire After Linesman ready, pull chain Referee Determine if ball is across line-to-gain H R LJ BJ 3


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