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The Founding of Georgia The Founding of Georgia The 13 th and colony furthest south.

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Presentation on theme: "The Founding of Georgia The Founding of Georgia The 13 th and colony furthest south."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Founding of Georgia The Founding of Georgia The 13 th and colony furthest south

2 THOUGHT QUESTION WHO SHOULD HELP THOSE WHO CANNOT HELP THEMSELVES? WHO SHOULD HELP THOSE WHO CANNOT HELP THEMSELVES? DOES IT MAKE A DIFFERENCE IF THE PERSON CANNOT OR WILL NOT HELP THEMSELVES? DOES IT MAKE A DIFFERENCE IF THE PERSON CANNOT OR WILL NOT HELP THEMSELVES?

3 PRISON REFORM Unemployment severe in England Unemployment severe in England people owed money - debts people owed money - debts Debtors put in prison Debtors put in prison horrible prison conditions horrible prison conditions

4 James Oglethorpe James Oglethorpe Founder of Georgia Founder of Georgia Elected to Parliament at 25 Elected to Parliament at 25 Wealthy philanthropist Wealthy philanthropist Solve the problems of debtors in prison Solve the problems of debtors in prison Got permission from King George II to make a colony in America for debtors to start a new life. Got permission from King George II to make a colony in America for debtors to start a new life.

5 Oglethorpe Reacts James Oglethorpe wanted to help because James Oglethorpe wanted to help because JOs friend, Robert Castell, died of smallpox in prison JOs friend, Robert Castell, died of smallpox in prison

6 King George II & Charter Georgia Created Georgia Created By a charter- written permission from the King to settle land By a charter- written permission from the King to settle land Oglethorpe and John Percival are given a charter to create Georgia named after King George II Oglethorpe and John Percival are given a charter to create Georgia named after King George II Colony: a settlement in a new land but still has ties to the home country. Colony: a settlement in a new land but still has ties to the home country. Charter signed June 20, 1732 Charter signed June 20, 1732 Charter set up boundaries & Charter set up boundaries & Limited power of officials Limited power of officials

7 Charter continued Set up government Set up government Listed the rights of settlers Listed the rights of settlers

8 Georgias three purposes Charity – Get rid of poverty and unemployment Charity – Get rid of poverty and unemployment

9 REASON # 2 Economics – Increase Britain's trade and wealth Economics – Increase Britain's trade and wealth Plant Mulberry trees to make silk to send back to England to make fancy clothes Plant Mulberry trees to make silk to send back to England to make fancy clothes

10 REASON # 3 Defense – Buffer/protect South Carolina from attack by Spanish in Florida. Defense – Buffer/protect South Carolina from attack by Spanish in Florida.

11 Unofficial Purpose Religion – Home for Protestants being persecuted in England Religion – Home for Protestants being persecuted in England Catholics not allowed- WHY ? Catholics not allowed- WHY ?

12 Geography Georgias Boundaries Georgias Boundaries Georgia is in between the Altamaha and Savannah River. Continues to the west coast (California). Georgia is in between the Altamaha and Savannah River. Continues to the west coast (California). Boundaries: Boundaries: North:Savannah R North:Savannah R South: Altamaha R South: Altamaha R E: Atlantic Ocean E: Atlantic Ocean W: Pacific Ocean W: Pacific Ocean

13 Charter Georgia as a Trustee Colony Oglethorpe and 20 other British gentlemen run the colony for 21 years (21 for 21) Oglethorpe and 20 other British gentlemen run the colony for 21 years (21 for 21).

14 Charter RULES FOR THE TRUSTEES RULES FOR THE TRUSTEES Charter of 1732 made rules for trustees Charter of 1732 made rules for trustees 1. not paid 1. not paid 2. could not own land 2. could not own land 3. could not hold public office 3. could not hold public office

15 HOW DID OGLETHORPE PLAN ON KEEPING GEORGIA A MODEL SOCIETY? HOW DID OGLETHORPE PLAN ON KEEPING GEORGIA A MODEL SOCIETY? BAN ON SLAVERY BAN ON SLAVERY BANNED LIQUOR/RUM BANNED LIQUOR/RUM LAWYERS NOT ALLOWED LAWYERS NOT ALLOWED LIMITED WHO COULD OWN LAND LIMITED WHO COULD OWN LAND

16 Exit/Review Questions 1. Why did James Oglethorpe want to create Georgia? 1. Why did James Oglethorpe want to create Georgia? 2. What are the three reasons and the one unofficial reason for the creation of Georgia? 2. What are the three reasons and the one unofficial reason for the creation of Georgia? 3. What is a buffer? 3. What is a buffer? 4. What religious group could you not be apart of to live in Georgia? 4. What religious group could you not be apart of to live in Georgia? 5. How far did the original western border of Georgia stretch to? 5. How far did the original western border of Georgia stretch to?

17 WHO ACTUALLY CAME TO THE COLONY OF GEORGIA? Who would settle in Georgia? Who would settle in Georgia? 35 families selected 35 families selected No debtors selected No debtors selected Farmers, carpenters, tailors, bakers, merchants and trade people Farmers, carpenters, tailors, bakers, merchants and trade people Families received free land, weapons, tools and had to live under trustee rules Families received free land, weapons, tools and had to live under trustee rules

18 Colonists Rules: 1. restriction on land and inheritance (land belonged only to men) 1. restriction on land and inheritance (land belonged only to men) 2. No slavery 2. No slavery 3. No rum and hard liquors 3. No rum and hard liquors 4. Must defend the colony against all enemies. 4. Must defend the colony against all enemies. 5. Obey all rules and regulations the Trustees set up. 5. Obey all rules and regulations the Trustees set up.

19 When Colonists came to Georgia The First Colonists Sail to Georgia on The First Colonists Sail to Georgia on Nov 1732, Oglethorpe and 114 settlers sail on the ship the Ann (almost spelled Anne) February 12,1733 Colonists arrive at Yamacraw Bluff- and met the Yamacraw Indians who lived there February 12,1733 Colonists arrive at Yamacraw Bluff- and met the Yamacraw Indians who lived there

20 MARY MUSGROVE 1 Of most important people in Ga. History- served as translator for Chief Tomochichi & Oglethorpe 1 Of most important people in Ga. History- served as translator for Chief Tomochichi & Oglethorpe Georgia colony built near John & Mary Musgroves trading post Georgia colony built near John & Mary Musgroves trading post

21 Tomochichi Tomochichi Georgia Day Georgia Day Chief of the Yamacraw Indians Chief of the Yamacraw Indians Welcomed Oglethorpe and English Welcomed Oglethorpe and English Allowed them to build town WHY? Allowed them to build town WHY?

22 Why did Chief Tomochichi allow Oglethorpe to settle on Yamacraw Bluff? READ & PUT INTO YOUR OWN WORDS: The Yamacraw Indians had become dependent on English goods and they had to travel to the South Carolina colony to get them. If a new English colony was built, it would be closer for the Yamacraws to trade.

23 Exit Questions 1. What is a trustee? 1. What is a trustee? 2. What kinds of people came to Georgia? 2. What kinds of people came to Georgia? 3. Did any debtors sent to the colonies? 3. Did any debtors sent to the colonies? 4. Why did Tomochichi allow the English to settle? 4. Why did Tomochichi allow the English to settle? 5. What role did Mary Mugrove play in Georgias settlement? 5. What role did Mary Mugrove play in Georgias settlement?

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26 Georgias First Settlement Georgias First settlement Georgias First settlement Settlement named Savannah after the river. Settlement named Savannah after the river. Laid out in a series of squares Laid out in a series of squares First planned city in America First planned city in America

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30 Growing Pains Growing Pains Colonists complain about trustee regulations Colonists complain about trustee regulations

31 Disease and Hardship Heat and disease hurt the colonists Heat and disease hurt the colonists Caught dysentery from the Savannah River Caught dysentery from the Savannah River The only Doctor died two months after the colony started (April of 1733) The only Doctor died two months after the colony started (April of 1733) first year, 25% of the colonists died from the hardships first year, 25% of the colonists died from the hardships

32 Recovery of the Colony Recovery of the Colony dig a well, stopping the dysentery dig a well, stopping the dysentery More colonists arrive to replace those that died More colonists arrive to replace those that died Very diverse: Germans, Italians, Swiss, and Jewish settlers By the end of the first year, over 50 houses and public buildings had been builtVery diverse: Germans, Italians, Swiss, and Jewish settlers By the end of the first year, over 50 houses and public buildings had been built

33 Jimmy Does it Again James Oglethorpe was an admired member of the colony James Oglethorpe was an admired member of the colony Lived in a tent until all other colonists were provided houses Lived in a tent until all other colonists were provided houses Visited the sick colonists Visited the sick colonists Worked hard in the fields with the other people Worked hard in the fields with the other people

34 Oglethorpe in the Middle James O was in a bind James O was in a bind When he enforced the rules, colonists complained When he enforced the rules, colonists complained When he didnt, the trustees complained When he didnt, the trustees complained Had to play a balance game between the two Had to play a balance game between the two

35 Oglethorpe in the Middle Colonists did not like that they could not own lots of land or that they could only pass the land to a male heir when they died. Colonists did not like that they could not own lots of land or that they could only pass the land to a male heir when they died. The inheritance rules and the ban on slavery were eventually repealed: Colonists rejoiced The inheritance rules and the ban on slavery were eventually repealed: Colonists rejoiced

36 Building Forts Building Forts Need a buffer from France and Spain Need a buffer from France and Spain Build forts for protection: Ft. Frederica on St. Simons Island Build forts for protection: Ft. Frederica on St. Simons Island Spanish upset that English are in Georgia, may attack Spanish upset that English are in Georgia, may attack

37 War with Spain War with Spain 1739 Britain declared war on Spain 1739 Britain declared war on Spain Spring of 1740 Oglethorpe leads force to invade Florida Spring of 1740 Oglethorpe leads force to invade Florida

38 Spanish were turned back Spanish were turned back Oglethorpe promoted to general Oglethorpe promoted to general 1743 Oglethorpe returned to England 1743 Oglethorpe returned to England Got married Got married Worked for Parliament Worked for Parliament

39 Colony Declines Colony Declines People begin to leave Georgia and go back to England or other colonies People begin to leave Georgia and go back to England or other colonies 1750 slavery allowed 1750 slavery allowed 1752 British government takes over colony 1752 British government takes over colony

40 Exit Questions 1. What were the three rules the trustees had for the colonists? 1. What were the three rules the trustees had for the colonists? 2. Why did the trustees have such strict rules? 2. Why did the trustees have such strict rules? 3. What river was the was the first settlement of Georgia named after? 3. What river was the was the first settlement of Georgia named after? 4. What was allowed in 1750 that made people want to stay in Georgia? 4. What was allowed in 1750 that made people want to stay in Georgia?

41 Georgia Becomes a Royal Colony Georgia Becomes a Royal Colony 1752 GA becomes a royal colony 1752 GA becomes a royal colony 1754 Captain John Reynolds becomes Royal Governor: kings representative and CEO of colony 1754 Captain John Reynolds becomes Royal Governor: kings representative and CEO of colony

42 Colony Prospers Colony Prospers Headright system Headright system Each family given 100 acres Each family given 100 acres Extra 50 acres per family member, indentured servant or slave. Extra 50 acres per family member, indentured servant or slave. Pay for surveying and recording Pay for surveying and recording


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