Presentation on theme: "The Founding of Georgia"— Presentation transcript:
1The Founding of Georgia The 13th and colony furthest south
2THOUGHT QUESTION WHO SHOULD HELP THOSE WHO CANNOT HELP THEMSELVES? DOES IT MAKE A DIFFERENCE IF THE PERSON CANNOT OR WILL NOT HELP THEMSELVES?
3Unemployment severe in England people owed money - debts PRISON REFORMUnemployment severe in Englandpeople owed money - debtsDebtors put in prisonhorrible prison conditions
4James OglethorpeFounder of GeorgiaElected to Parliament at 25Wealthy philanthropistSolve the problems of debtors in prisonGot permission from King George II to make a colony in America for debtors to start a new life.
5James Oglethorpe wanted to help because Oglethorpe ReactsJames Oglethorpe wanted to help becauseJO’s friend, Robert Castell, died of smallpox in prison
6King George II & Charter Georgia CreatedBy a charter- written permission from the King to settle landOglethorpe and John Percival are given a charter to create Georgia named after King George IIColony: a settlement in a new land but still has ties to the home country.Charter signed June 20, 1732Charter set up boundaries &Limited power of officials
7Charter continuedSet up governmentListed the rights of settlers
8Georgia’s three purposes Charity – Get rid of poverty and unemployment
9Economics – Increase Britain's trade and wealth REASON # 2Economics – Increase Britain's trade and wealthPlant Mulberry trees to make silk to send back to England to make fancy clothes
10REASON # 3Defense – Buffer/protect South Carolina from attack by Spanish in Florida.
11Unofficial PurposeReligion – Home for Protestants being persecuted in EnglandCatholics not allowed- WHY?
12GeographyGeorgia’s BoundariesGeorgia is in between the Altamaha and Savannah River. Continues to the west coast (California).Boundaries:North:Savannah RSouth: Altamaha RE: Atlantic OceanW: Pacific Ocean
13CharterOglethorpe and 20 other British gentlemen run the colony for 21 years (21 for 21).Georgia as a Trustee Colony
14RULES FOR THE TRUSTEES Charter Charter of 1732 made rules for trustees 1. not paid2. could not own land3. could not hold public office”RULES FOR THE TRUSTEES
15HOW DID OGLETHORPE PLAN ON KEEPING GEORGIA A MODEL SOCIETY? BAN ON SLAVERYBANNED LIQUOR/RUMLAWYERS NOT ALLOWEDLIMITED WHO COULD OWN LAND
16Exit/Review Questions 1. Why did James Oglethorpe want to create Georgia?2. What are the three reasons and the one unofficial reason for the creation of Georgia?3. What is a buffer?4. What religious group could you not be apart of to live in Georgia?5. How far did the original western border of Georgia stretch to?
17WHO ACTUALLY CAME TO THE COLONY OF GEORGIA? Farmers, carpenters, tailors, bakers, merchants and trade peopleFamilies received free land, weapons, tools and had to live under trustee rulesWho would settle in Georgia?35 families selectedNo debtors selected
18Colonist’s Rules:1. restriction on land and inheritance (land belonged only to men)2. No slavery3. No rum and hard liquors4. Must defend the colony against all enemies.5. Obey all rules and regulations the Trustees set up.
19When Colonists came to Georgia The First Colonists Sail to Georgia onNov 1732, Oglethorpe and 114 settlers sail on the ship the Ann (almost spelled Anne)February 12,1733 Colonists arrive at Yamacraw Bluff- and met the Yamacraw Indians who lived there
20MARY MUSGROVE1 Of most important people in Ga. History- served as translator for Chief Tomochichi & OglethorpeGeorgia colony built near John & Mary Musgrove’s trading post
21Chief of the Yamacraw Indians Welcomed Oglethorpe and EnglishAllowed them to build town WHY?TomochichiGeorgia Day
22Why did Chief Tomochichi allow Oglethorpe to settle on Yamacraw Bluff? READ & PUT INTO YOUR OWN WORDS: The Yamacraw Indians had become dependent on English goods and they had to travel to the South Carolina colony to get them. If a new English colony was built, it would be closer for the Yamacraws to trade.
23Exit Questions 1. What is a trustee? 2. What kinds of people came to Georgia?3. Did any debtors sent to the colonies?4. Why did Tomochichi allow the English to settle?5. What role did Mary Mugrove play in Georgia’s settlement?
30Growing PainsColonists complain about trustee regulations
31Disease and Hardship Heat and disease hurt the colonists Caught dysentery from the Savannah RiverThe only Doctor died two months after the colony started (April of 1733)first year, 25% of the colonists died from the hardships
32More colonists arrive to replace those that died Recovery of the Colonydig a well, stopping the dysenteryMore colonists arrive to replace those that diedVery diverse: Germans, Italians, Swiss, and Jewish settlers By the end of the first year, over 50 houses and public buildings had been built
33Jimmy Does it AgainJames Oglethorpe was an admired member of the colonyLived in a tent until all other colonists were provided housesVisited the sick colonistsWorked hard in the fields with the other people
34Oglethorpe in the Middle James O was in a bindWhen he enforced the rules, colonists complainedWhen he didn’t, the trustees complainedHad to play a balance game between the two
35Oglethorpe in the Middle Colonists did not like that they could not own lots of land or that they could only pass the land to a male heir when they died.The inheritance rules and the ban on slavery were eventually repealed: Colonists rejoiced
36Building FortsNeed a buffer from France and SpainBuild forts for protection: Ft. Frederica on St. Simons IslandSpanish upset that English are in Georgia, may attack
37War with Spain 1739 Britain declared war on Spain Spring of 1740 Oglethorpe leads force to invade FloridaWar with Spain
38Spanish were turned back Oglethorpe promoted to general1743 Oglethorpe returned to EnglandGot marriedWorked for Parliament
39Colony DeclinesPeople begin to leave Georgia and go back to England or other colonies1750 slavery allowed1752 British government takes over colony
40Exit Questions1. What were the three rules the trustees had for the colonists?2. Why did the trustees have such strict rules?3. What river was the was the first settlement of Georgia named after?4. What was allowed in 1750 that made people want to stay in Georgia?
41Georgia Becomes a Royal Colony 1752 GA becomes a royal colony1754 Captain John Reynolds becomes Royal Governor: king’s representative and CEO of colony
42Colony ProspersHeadright systemEach family given 100 acresExtra 50 acres per family member, indentured servant or slave.Pay for surveying and recording