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Unit 2. Colonization of Georgia 1663 GB claimed Georgia 1717 plans to settle GA Skelmony, Scotland – Aaron Hill – Amos Kettleby wanted to grow –Coffee,

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 2. Colonization of Georgia 1663 GB claimed Georgia 1717 plans to settle GA Skelmony, Scotland – Aaron Hill – Amos Kettleby wanted to grow –Coffee,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 2

2 Colonization of Georgia 1663 GB claimed Georgia 1717 plans to settle GA Skelmony, Scotland – Aaron Hill – Amos Kettleby wanted to grow –Coffee, tea, figs, currants, olives, rice, almonds, silk

3 James Edward Oglethorpe Born in London member of parliament Help people in debt Creates a colony for “unfortunate but worthy individuals”

4 A Dream Becomes a Reality 1730 Oglethorpe & 12 men ask to make a colony June 7, 1732 King George II grants charter Oglethorpe & 21 trustees responsible Named Georgia after king Trustees are managers

5 Georgia’s three purposes Extra Purpose (Unofficial) Charity – Get rid of poverty and unemployment. Economics – Increase Britain's trade and wealth Defense – Buffer South Carolina from attack. Religion – Home for Protestants being persecuted in England

6 Charter of 1732 Trustees could not –own land –Hold political office –Be given money for work (paid) Not allowed in GA –Catholics –Blacks –Liquor dealers –Lawyers Why they Couldn’t –Afraid of them being bribed –Ripping off colony –English=Protestants Catholics and Protestants don’t get along –Afraid of Slavery –Didn’t want Drunks and laziness –colonist to solve own problems

7 Charter of 1732

8 Exit Questions 1. What was the 3 official reasons for the colony? 2. What is the 1 unofficial reason? 3. Why weren’t blacks allowed? 4. How did Georgia get its name? 5. Why aren’t liquor dealers allowed in Georgia? 6. Why were lawyers not allowed in Georgia?

9 What the Colonists Get Promised –50 acres –Tools –Food for a year

10 What the Colonists had to do pay own way Defend colony Can’t sell land or borrow against it Land given to male heir Cultivate land (farm it) Grow mulberry trees for silk Obey all regulations

11 Voyage on the Ship Ann Nov 17, 1732 Ship Ann leave England people on it 2 die Dock in Charleston

12 Tomochichi Georgia Day Oglethorpe meets Chief Tomochichi of the Yamacraw John & Mary Musgrove are interpreters & traders Chief allow them to build on Savannah River Feb 12,1733 Day Colonist arrive at Yamacraw Bluff 1732 when the colony was named Savannah

13 Section 4 Building a New Home Savannah Oglethorpe leader of colonists Build a fort Create a militia 40 settlers die from –Diet –Hard work –Poor sanitation

14 SavannahColonel William Bull, surveyor Noble Jones Planned by Robert Castell City built in with 4 squares Squares divided into blocks called tythings Meeting places at centers

15 The Arrival of New Colonists Ship of Jewish people come –Dr. Nunez saves colonists from Malaria Salzburgers from Germany arrive –Create town New Ebenezer –Later move to St. Simons Is Oglethorpe goes to GB Returns w 300 colonists Moravians and Salzburgers (Germans)

16 Jewish Contribution

17 Salzburgers

18 Highland Scots

19 Exit Questions 1. Name one thing the colonists got. 2. Name two things the colonists had to do. 3. Where did the Salzburgers come from? 4. When is Georgia Day? 5. What is another name for a block

20 Discontent among the settlers (Malcontents) Colonist upset about regulations (malcontents) –Land to male heirs –Economic hardship –Could not grow hemp, flax, indigo and grapes for wine SC doing great – no regulations –Wanted Slaves –Highland Scots and Salzburgers did not want slavery

21 The Spanish InvasionNative Americans, GA and SC vs. Spain in FL Attack Spanish Forts & lose Join with Scots attack on FL boarder Battle of Bloody Marsh Victor for GA

22 Battle of Bloody Marsh

23 The End of the DreamOglethorpe called to England Marries & settles Williams Stephens in charge –Allowed slavery

24 A Last Look at the Charter Colony No debtors came to GA State motto Non Sibi Sed Allis Not for ourselves but others

25 Exit Ticket 1. How many debtors went to Georgia? 2. Name one thing the malcontents wanted. 3. What battle was a victory for Oglethorpe and Georgia? 4. What colony did the malcontents want to be like? 5. What happens to Oglethorpe when he returns to England?

26 Georgia Becomes a Royal Colony 1752 GA becomes a royal colony 1754 Captain John Reynolds kings representative and CEO of colony

27 Georgia Sets Up Self Government Upperhouse – advise governor Lowerhouse – Common House of Assembly – elect officers To vote you had to have: acres 2. white male To serve you had to 1. white male acres

28 Click to return to Table of Contents Governor John Reynolds Argued with colonists over defense of colony Stopped meeting with them Tried to govern by self Wanted to move the capital of GA Fired and replaced

29 Henry EllisFeb 1757 Allowed colonists to come and bring slaves Angered Highland Scots & Salzburgers Colony gets rich

30 James Wright1760 Make bigger farms – increase slavery Expand GA west

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