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1 Active & Passive Active & Passive Active Voice Form Subject of a sentence does the action e.g. A man is cutting down a tree. ‘A man’ = subject – “does.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Active & Passive Active & Passive Active Voice Form Subject of a sentence does the action e.g. A man is cutting down a tree. ‘A man’ = subject – “does."— Presentation transcript:

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2 1 Active & Passive Active & Passive Active Voice Form Subject of a sentence does the action e.g. A man is cutting down a tree. ‘A man’ = subject – “does the action” -- cutting -

3 2 Active & Passive Active & Passive Passive Voice Form Object receives the action e.g. A tree is being cut down by a man. ‘A tree’ = cut down. Passive

4 3 Active-Passive Voice – example 1 The boy is carrying the girl.Active Voice The boy is carrying the girl.Active Voice The boy = subject The boy = subject the girl = object of the verb the girl = object of the verb Who is doing the action of carrying? = The boy Who is doing the action of carrying? = The boy

5 Active-Passive Voice – example 2 The girl is being carried by the boy. Passive Voice The girl = subject is being carried = verb the boy = object of the preposition ‘by’ Who is RECEIVING the action of carrying? = The girl 4

6 Active-Passive Voice – changes 1 John reads a book every day. Active Voice A book is read every day by John. Passive Voice BCK 5

7 BCK6 Active-Passive Voice – changes 3 JJJJohn reads a book every day. Active Voice A book is read every day by John. Passive voice

8 Active-Passive Voice – note 1 He cooks food. Active Voice ‘food’ singular Food is cooked by him. Passive Voice BCK 7

9 Active-Passive Voice – note 2 He carried some books.Active Voice ‘some books’ – Plural Some books were carried by him. Passive Voice ‘were carried’ BCK 8

10 BCK9 Active-Passive Voice -- note 3 She has signed ten letters.Active Voice ‘She’ – subject; singular Ten letters h hh have been signed by her. Passive Voice ‘Ten letters’ – plural

11 Active-Passive Voice – Tense Change 1 She bakes cakes. Active ‘bakes’ – verb – Simple Present Tense Cakes are baked by her. Passive Voice ‘are baked’ – verb – Simple Present Tense BCK 10

12 Active-Passive – Tense Change 2 He is building a sand castle. ‘is building’ – verb – present continues tense – ACTIVE VOICE FORM A sand castle is being built by him. ‘is being built’ – verb PASSIVE VOICE FORM BCK 11

13 Active-Passive -- Tense Change 3 He has drawn a picture. ‘has drawn’ – verb – present perfect tense ACTIVE VOICE A picture has been drawn by him. ‘has been drawn’ – verb – present perfect tense PASSIVE VOICE BCK 12

14 BCK 13 Active-Passive Voice – Tense Change 5 She told me a secret.Active Voice ‘told’ – verb – simple past tense A secret was told (to) me by her. Passive Voice ‘was told’ – verb – simple past tense

15 Active-Passive Voice – Tense Change 6 The postman was delivering the post. ACTIVE VOICE FORM The post was being delivered by the postman. PASSIVE VOICE FORM BCK 14

16 BCK15 Active-Passive Voice – Tense Change 9 They will give the beggar some money. ‘will give’ -- Active The beggar will be given some money by them. ‘will be given’ -- Passive

17 BCK16 Active-Passive Voice – Tense Change 13 The Modal Auxiliary (helping) Verbs in Passive Voice Form take ‘be’: e.g. He will give you a book. Active Voice You will be given a book by him. Passive e.g. They can pick a number. Active Voice A number can be picked by them. Passive e.g. We must finish this job. Active Voice This job must be finished by us. Passive

18 ACTIVE INTO PASSIVE 17


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