Presentation on theme: "Mom planned a surprise party for dad. A surprise party for dad was planned by Mom. I read a book. The book was read by me."— Presentation transcript:
Mom planned a surprise party for dad. A surprise party for dad was planned by Mom. I read a book. The book was read by me.
Active Form The thing doing the action : subject the thing receiving the action : object. (Most sentences are active) [subject] + [verb] + [object]
Passive Form The thing receiving the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing doing the action is optionally included near the end of the sentence. [object] + [be] + [past participle of verb] + [by] + [subject]
PASSIVE TENSES Focus on the agent rather than on the action. BE + past participle (appropriate tense) * When we want to refer to the agent we use by + noun ACTIVE VOICEPASSIVE VOICE Simple Present: Am/Is/Are + past participle Simple Past:Was / were + past participle Simple future: Will be + past participle Present Progressive: Am/Is/Are + being + past participle Past Progressive:Was / Were + being + past participle Present Perfect: Have/Has + been + past participle Past Perfect: Had + been + past participle
SIMPLE PRESENT PASSIVE Use it to focus on the action rather than in the agent. BE + Past participle Active voice: Tom bakes a cake every week. Passive voice: A cake is baked every week (by Tom). Subject verb object (doer) object verb
Use the active or passive form of the verb USE 1.Architects _______________ mathematics to design buildings. 2.Cellphones _______________ to send text messages. 3.Cocoa_____________________ to make chocolate. 4.Search engines ________________ to find information. 5.Some travelers _______________ backpacks to carry things more easily.
SIMPLE PAST PASSIVE Use it to focus on past action rather than in the agent. WAS / WERE + Past participle Active voice: Tom baked a cake yesterday. Passive voice: A cake was baked yesterday (by Tom). Subject verb object (doer) object verb
Simple past passive damagedesignbuy writeelect 1.The car ______________ by Da Vinci 2.The DV´s _______________ by America 3.When ______ he _______________ president? 4.All of the buildings _______________ by the storm. 5.The national anthem ________________ in 1902.
Complete using the past passive form of the verbs 1.You look so different. When _________ this photo ___________ ? (take) 2.Machu Pichu ______________ in the 15th century. (build) 3.Their parents ______________ to come to the school. (call) 4.Press this button to see when the last call ______________. (make) 5.I´m sorry you __________________ to the party. (not invite)
Complete using the passive 1.They gave me my job back. I ____________ my job back. 2.Add piece A to piece B. Piece A ______________ to piece B. 3. People remember the same event differently. The same event __________________ differently. 4.We’ll explain later. Everything _______________ later. 5.They’re putting up new buildings. New buildings ____________.
He opens the door. - We set the table. - She pays a lot of money. - I draw a picture. - They wear blue shoes. - They don't help you. - He doesn't open the book. - You do not write the letter. -