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Guernica, 1937 by Pablo Picasso Shannon Frost and Mary Catherine Taylor August 12, 1999.

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Presentation on theme: "Guernica, 1937 by Pablo Picasso Shannon Frost and Mary Catherine Taylor August 12, 1999."— Presentation transcript:

1 Guernica, 1937 by Pablo Picasso Shannon Frost and Mary Catherine Taylor August 12, 1999

2 Pablo Picasso n Born in Spain n Known as the most famous artist of the 20th century n Lived from n Pablo Picasso is considered a Modernist in terms of art history

3 Guernica

4 Historical Context of Guernica, 1937 n Commissioned by the Spanish Republican Government to create a mural n The Spanish Civil War broke out July 18, 1937 n The massacre of the village Guernica became the image for the mural

5 Biographical Context: Why the Spanish Civil War Affected Picasso? n Picasso was a Spaniard with strong populist beliefs n He was moved by the tragedy of the war

6 Aesthetic Analysis of Guernica n Elements – Line – Shape / Form – Space – Texture – Value – Color n Arrangement of the elements

7 Lines – Thin lines – Mechanical Lines – Organic lines – Fine point instrument – Asymmetrical – Not drawn to scale – Horizontal, vertical, and curved lines

8 Shape and Form n Triangles n Ovals n Rectangles n Square n Circles

9 Space n Two-dimensional perspective

10 Texture n Combination – Some objects appear smooth, no brush strokes or scratch marks – Some objects appear rough

11 Value n There is high contrast between light and dark in this work – There is no evidence of a light source because there are no shadows

12 Color n Somber tones of gray n Charcoal n Black n White

13 Shannon and Mary Catherine’s Critical Interpretation n Pain and despair n Abandonment of hope n Cubist in origin

14 Critical Interpretation by Scholars n There is no hope depicted in the colors, figures, and complex symbolism n Bull is brutality and darkness n Horse represents the innocence of the civilian victims n The weeping woman is Picasso’s mistress, Dora

15 Educational Interpretation n Lesson Plan – School Setting – Rational – Virginia Standards of Learning – Art Objectives

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