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Washington takes office Section 1 Chapter 9: Launching the New Government. e/uZfRaWAtB Vg.

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Presentation on theme: "Washington takes office Section 1 Chapter 9: Launching the New Government. e/uZfRaWAtB Vg."— Presentation transcript:

1 Washington takes office Section 1 Chapter 9: Launching the New Government. e/uZfRaWAtB Vg

2 Setting the Scene The New Congress meets for the 1st Time The New Congress meets for the 1st Time. How should people address George Washington? How should people address George Washington? 1789 The New Congress meets for the 1st Time The New Congress meets for the 1st Time. How should people address George Washington? How should people address George Washington? s/america-the-story-of- us/videos/george-washington

3 Washingtons 1 st steps G.W. Inaugurated G.W. Inaugurated New York City New York City April 30, 1789April 30, 1789 Inauguration : Inauguration : Ceremony in which the President officially takes the OATH of OFFICE. Ceremony in which the President officially takes the OATH of OFFICE. Constitution Constitution Provided a framework for the Government. Provided a framework for the Government. Did not explain how the Pres. should govern day to day.Did not explain how the Pres. should govern day to day. Washington set a precedent for future leaders.Washington set a precedent for future leaders. Precedent : Precedent : An act or a decision that sets and example for others to follow.An act or a decision that sets and example for others to follow.

4 The 1 st cabinet Congress created 5 Executive Departments.Congress created 5 Executive Departments. State : Thomas Jefferson State : Thomas Jefferson Treasury : Alexander Hamilton Treasury : Alexander Hamilton War : Henry Knox War : Henry Knox Attorney General : Edmond Randolph Attorney General : Edmond Randolph Known as the President's CABINET.Known as the President's CABINET. Gave advice to Washington and responsible for directing their departments.Gave advice to Washington and responsible for directing their departments.

5 The federal court system 1789: Judiciary Act was passed.1789: Judiciary Act was passed. 1) Supreme Court:1) Supreme Court: 1 Chief Justice.1 Chief Justice. 5 Associate Justices.5 Associate Justices. 1st Chief Justice: John Jay1st Chief Justice: John Jay 2) District Courts and Circuit Courts.2) District Courts and Circuit Courts. Decisions made in the lower courts could be appealed to the Supreme Court.Decisions made in the lower courts could be appealed to the Supreme Court.

6 Reducing the nations debt Sec of Treasury: Alexander Hamilton.Sec of Treasury: Alexander Hamilton. National Debt: Largest Problem.National Debt: Largest Problem. The total amount of money that a government owes to others.The total amount of money that a government owes to others. Borrowed money by issuing Bonds.Borrowed money by issuing Bonds. Certificate that promises to repay the money loaned, plus interest, on a certain date.Certificate that promises to repay the money loaned, plus interest, on a certain date.

7 Hamiltons plan Called for the Govt. to repay both the Federal & State Debts.Called for the Govt. to repay both the Federal & State Debts. Pay off all bonds issued before 1789.Pay off all bonds issued before Issue New bonds to pay off old debts.Issue New bonds to pay off old debts. Bankers and Investors were for it.Bankers and Investors were for it. Others attacked him for it.Others attacked him for it.

8 Debating the plan James Madison against it.James Madison against it. Said his plan would reward speculators.Said his plan would reward speculators. Someone who invests in a risky venture in the hope of making a large profit. Someone who invests in a risky venture in the hope of making a large profit. Madison felt speculators did not deserve to make huge profits.Madison felt speculators did not deserve to make huge profits. Hamilton said would lost the trust of investors if they did not pay back the debt in full.Hamilton said would lost the trust of investors if they did not pay back the debt in full. Congress approved full repayment of the National Debt.Congress approved full repayment of the National Debt.

9 States debts James Madison: Southern. James Madison: Southern. By 1789: By 1789: Most Southern States paid off their debts. Most Southern States paid off their debts. Felt if they could pay it off other states should as well. Felt if they could pay it off other states should as well.

10 Hamiltons compromise July 1790: July 1790: Congress voted to repay State Debts. Congress voted to repay State Debts. Build New Capital City. Build New Capital City. Capital City: Capital City: Built along the Potomac River. Built along the Potomac River. Between Virginia and Maryland. Between Virginia and Maryland. Called "District of Columbia". Called "District of Columbia". Today: Washington D.C. Today: Washington D.C.

11 Plans to build the economy 1791: Bank of the U.S.1791: Bank of the U.S. Government deposited money from taxes into the bank.Government deposited money from taxes into the bank. Bank issued paper money to pay the governments bills & make loans to farmers and businesses.Bank issued paper money to pay the governments bills & make loans to farmers and businesses. American Manufactures:American Manufactures: Tariff: or Tax issued. Tariff: or Tax issued. Foreign goods bought into country.Foreign goods bought into country. Protective Tariff:Protective Tariff: Meant to protect local industry from foreign competition.Meant to protect local industry from foreign competition. North liked it.North liked it. South was against it.South was against it. Was passed but much lower than wanted.Was passed but much lower than wanted.

12 The whiskey rebellion To raise money for the Treasury.To raise money for the Treasury. Congress:Congress: Tax on all liquor made and sold in the U.S.Tax on all liquor made and sold in the U.S. What was designed for good, sparked a rebellion that tested the strength of the new Government.What was designed for good, sparked a rebellion that tested the strength of the new Government.

13 A hated tax Backcountry Farmers:Backcountry Farmers: Grew corn.Grew corn. Made whiskey.Made whiskey. Easier to transport.Easier to transport. Refused to pay the taxes.Refused to pay the taxes. 1794:1794: PA officials tried to collect the tax.PA officials tried to collect the tax. 1,000s protested, marching through Pittsburgh.1,000s protested, marching through Pittsburgh. Tarred and Feathered tax collects.Tarred and Feathered tax collects.

14 A show of strength Washington Responds:Washington Responds: Militia was dispatched to PA.Militia was dispatched to PA. Farmers quickly retuned home.Farmers quickly retuned home. Hamilton wanted the leaders executed.Hamilton wanted the leaders executed. Washington pardoned them.Washington pardoned them. Felt the government showed its strength to all.Felt the government showed its strength to all.

15 Checking for understanding… Where was President Washington inaugurated?Where was President Washington inaugurated? What was the Judiciary Act?What was the Judiciary Act? What was Hamiltons Plan?What was Hamiltons Plan? What good came out of the Whiskey Rebellion?What good came out of the Whiskey Rebellion? New York City.New York City. Set up the Federal Court System. Creating the supreme court with 1 chief justice and 5 associate justices.Set up the Federal Court System. Creating the supreme court with 1 chief justice and 5 associate justices. Called for the Government to repay both the federal and state debts.Called for the Government to repay both the federal and state debts. Showed the strength of the new government, and that violence would not be tolerated.Showed the strength of the new government, and that violence would not be tolerated.


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