Presentation on theme: "Housekeeping Utilities for VMware. 11 June 2009 2 Housekeeping is preparing meals for oneself and family and the managing of other domestic concerns."— Presentation transcript:
Housekeeping Utilities for VMware
11 June Housekeeping is preparing meals for oneself and family and the managing of other domestic concerns. It is also the care and control of property ensuring its maintenance and proper use and appearance. A caretaker or janitor does housekeeping. In a private home a woman is employed to do the housekeeping. Reference Wikipedia – 1961 Websters Third New International Dictionary Housekeeping defined
Monitoring Required in a Virtual World Free space of Datastores Free space of Service Consoles List of orphaned snapshots List of long running snapshots Failed (automatic) VMotions VMware tools running in hosts Size of VC database Monitor CPU READY (ms) or CPU %READY per VM per host Monitor %CPU BUSY percentages per VM per host Monitor network and disk I/O usage per VM per Host Monitor service console memory swap usage Monitor VM balloon memory and swap usage Host downtime reporting Server hardware faults (power supplies, fans, IO cards, disks, CPUs, RAM) SAN hardware faults (disks and vendor specific)
Virtual Management tasks we need to know Create a new virtual machine Place a new virtual machine within the virtual infrastructure into a Production state. This may be identical to the physical server commissioning procedure. Place an ESX server into and then out of maintenance mode, migrating the guests onto other ESX Server hosts. Contact VMware for support. It should include contact information and specify contact methods as well as means of collecting information. Add a LUN to an existing ESX server cluster. Patch a template used for creating virtual machines. Create a snapshot of a virtual machine. Restore the virtual machine state to its previous state at the start of the snapshot. Investigating user reported virtual machine performance issues. What to check and how to respond. Add a disk to an existing virtual machine. Expand the size of an existing disk for a virtual machine. Shrink a disk used by a virtual machine. Remove a disk from a virtual machine. Decommission a virtual machine. Migrate (VMotion) a virtual machine between ESX Server hosts in the same ESX cluster. Build an ESX server. Add an ESX server into an existing ESX cluster. Migrate a virtual machine between ESX Server hosts in the different ESX clusters (i.e. between datacenters). Confirm that a SAN link is active, to be used after a SAN link has failed and been restored. Confirm that a network link is active, to be used after a network link has failed and been restored. Enable the network group to troubleshoot user reported network / performance issues. Backing up/restoring VMs (VM-level and file- level). Backing up/restoring VirtualCenter database. Backing up/restoring license server files (or keys). Restoring VirtualCenter Server. Restoring ESX hosts.
Tools for your toolbox VI3 Snaphunter VI3 Snaphunter & Snapalert can report all running snapshots on ESX hosts including name, size and date.Snapalert Storage VMotion Plug-in Storage VMotion Plug-in – A VI client plug-in that extends the clients functionality by providing an integrated, graphical tool that can be used to invoke storage VMotion operations VMotion info VMotion info - A program that will collect Vendor, Model, CPU Types and the CPU feature bits from all hosts to check for VMotion compatibility Tripwire ConfigCheck Tripwire ConfigCheck – Quickly assesses the security of ESX 3.5 configurations compared to the VI3 Security Hardening guidelines. Health Check Script Health Check Script – Healthcheck is a Powershell script that reports information like snapshots, VMware tools version, datastore space, CDROM and/or floppy drives connected, VM details etc. to HTML and the output. RVToolsRVTools – is able to list information about cpu, memory, disks, nics, cd-rom, floppy drives, snapshots, VMware tools, ESX hosts, datastores and health checks KS QuickConfig KS QuickConfig – GUI to help create ESX build scripts
vSphere Upgrade vCenter upgrade Backup database and SSL certificates Database schema upgrade occurs before vCenter upgrade New vSphere client License server no longer required Host Upgrade vSphere Host Update Utility vCenter Update Manager (create server baselines) Offline upgrade via script No VMFS upgrade required rollback-to-esx3 script cleanup-esx3 script Virtual Machine upgrade Must upgrade VMware tools before upgrading virtual hardware Windows requires three reboots Version 7 VMs created by default with version 4 available by using the custom path
vCenter Data Recovery Fast Disk-based backup and recovery Deployed as a Virtual Machine appliance with a VI Client plug-in Restore individual files or entire images File level full and incremental backup VSS support Multiple restore points for each virtual machine HA, VMotion and DRS aware De-duplicated backup store Supports any type of storage, FC, iSCSI, NAS or local storage Wizard driven workflow
vCenter Data Recovery LIVE DEMO!
vCenter CapacityIQ Benefits Deliver the right capacity at the right time Make informed planning, purchasing, and provisioning decisions Enable capacity to be utilized most efficiently and cost-effectively Key Features Perform What-If impact analysis to model effect of capacity changes Identify and reclaim unused capacity Forecast timing of capacity shortfalls and needs Capacity management solution for VMware vCenter, enabling users to analyze, forecast, and plan capacity needs of their virtual datacenter
CapacityIQ: Overview Capacity Management Database Virtual Datacenter Capacity Plan VM Profiling vCenter Database Analysis Engine Capacity Dashboard Capacity Modeling
vCenter Chargeback Account, monitor, and report on costs associated with your virtual infrastructure Benefits Improve Resource Utilization: By associating costs to VMs many of the free VMs will go away, freeing up resources for higher priorities Optimization of Budgets: Business units can understand how much they are paying for resources and how much goes to unused, allowing them to optimize resource consumption & costs Key Features Fixed, allocation, and utilization based costing Charge different amounts for tiers of infrastructure Schedule reports & results
vCenter Chargeback: Overview Chargeback Database Reports/Bills Cost Modeling Cost Accounting & Monitoring Cost Configuration Chargeback Hierarchy Web Browser API 3 rd Party