2 Italy and…Italy officially the Italian Republic, an EU member state situated in the south overlooking the Mediterranean Sea.It is also known as the par excellence of "boot" for the form and the "Beautiful Country" because of climate and natural and artistic beauty.
3 Constitution of the Italian Republic Basic principles include:the freedom of education and teachingthe duty of the state to provide a school open to everyone with no discrimination of any typethe rights and duties of parents to provide education for their childrenthe education and vocational training of disabled and handicapped citizens
4 Ministry of Education, University and Research is responsible for school education (MIUR) It is represented at local level by regional and provincial education offices
5 The education system , lasting 10 years, from 6 to 16, includes: scuola dell'infanzia (non-compulsory) for children between 3 and 6 years of age ;Compulsory educationThe Constitution foresees compulsory schooling until 14 years of age; however, the recent financial law will provide for the extension of it to 16 years of age.PhasesPrimo ciclo dell’istruzione (first cycle of education)Scuola primaria (primary school) Age 6-11Scuola secondaria di I grado (lower secondary school) Age
6 Second cycle of education Post-compulsory education Admissions criteriaHolders of the certificate of the first cycle of education may enter the second cycle of educationCurriculum control and contentCentral government determines basic curricula for each branch of upper secondary educationCore subjects common to all institutions are Italian, history, a modern foreign language, mathematics and physical educationThe final examination, at the end of upper secondary education, is the upper secondary school leaving examination
7 scuola secondaria di secondo grado (upper secondary school), made up of different kinds of schools and, generally, for students from 14 to 19 years of age (Access to both university and non-university higher education is reserved for students after passing the State exam at the end of upper secondary school)Vocational training courses are run by local authorities and can be attended by people who have reached 15 years of age.
8 Secondo ciclo dell’istruzione (second cycle of education Age 14-19) Families are free to choose the kind of school they want to send their children toClassical educationLiceo artistico (artistic upper secondary school)Liceo classico (classical upper secondary school)Liceo scientifico (scientific upper secondary school)Liceo linguistico (linguistic upper secondary school)Liceo delle scienze umane (human science upper secondary schoolProfessional education2 AREAS – 6 study coursesTechnical education2 AREAS – 11 study courses
9 Higher educationThere are two main types of higher education: university and non-university higher educationthe degree university sector is now based on two main cycles (a three-year Laurea, followed by a two-year Laurea specialistica corresponding to a 3+2 framework)higher technology education (IFTS)
10 Continuing education There are 2 types of training: Centri Territoriali Permanenti (Centers for permanent education)Evening classes at upper secondary schools
11 Special educational support In Italy, disabled students have been integrated in ordinary schoolsthere is not a separate education system for these studentsspecialist support and auxiliary help is provided.
12 Teacherseach teacher has a second cycle degree (laurea specialistica) to teach at every school levelPrimary school teachers can teach all subjects (are generalist teachers), but are responsible for a specific subject area.Secondary school teachers are specialist teachers
13 There are:Permanent teachersTemporary teachersThere is no in - service evaluation for permanent teachersHowever a new law of 2009 introduced a system of evaluation and awards to encourage excellence. We wait the implementing rules.
14 PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOLTHE SCHOOL OPENS AT 8 AM AND CLOSES AT 4 PM, FOR 5 DAYS A WEEK;THERE ARE 3 CLASSES;IN EACH CLASS THERE ARE 2 TEACHERS;FOR H STUDENT, ALONG WITH A REGULAR TEACHER, A SPECIAL SUPPORT TEACHER IS PROVIDED .
15 PRIMARY SCHOOL THERE ARE 2 SCHEDULES: 27 HOURS A WEEK 40 HOURS A WEEK THE TEACHERS WORKS FOR 24 HOURS A WEEK AND, SOMETIMES, TEACH DIFFERENT SUBJECTS IN DIFFERENT CLASSES.THE SUBJECTS ARE: ITALIAN; ENGLISH; MATHS; SCIENCE; HISTORY, GEOGRAPHY AND CITIZENSHIP AND CONSTITUTION; MUSIC; SPORTS SCIENCE; ART AND PICTURE; TECHNOLOGY; CATHOLIC RELIGION (THIS SUBJECT ISN’T COMPULSORY)
16 LOWER SECONDARY SCHOOL 30 HOURS A WEEK, FOR 6 DAYS, FROM 8.30 AM UNTIL 13.30THE SUBJECTS ARE: ITALIAN; ENGLISH; ANOTHER COMUNITY LANGUAGE (FRENCH AND SPANISH) MATHS; SCIENCE; HISTORY, GEOGRAPHY AND CITIZENSHIP AND CONSTITUTION; MUSIC; SPORTS SCIENCE; ART AND PICTURE; TECHNOLOGY; CATHOLIC RELIGION (THIS SUBJECT ISN’T COMPULSORY).
17 PROJECTSTHERE ARE SEVERAL PROJECTS FOR TEACHERS, STUDENTS AND PARENTS.SOME PROJECTS HAVE NO COSTS, SOME HAVE DIFFERENT FUNDING:LAW 440/97 FOR TEACHER TRAINING“INSTITUTION FUNDING” OVERTIME PAY FOR THE WORKERS IN THE SCHOOLSOTHER COSTS ARE COVERED BY MINISTERIAL AND REGIONAL FINANCINGIN THIS SCHOOL YEAR ( ) MY SCHOOL RECEIVED ABOUT € , TO IMPROVE STUDENT’S ABILITY
18 SERVICES OFFERED BY THE MUNICIPALITY SCHOOLBUS: FOR THE TRANSPORT OF THE STUDENTS; IT IS ALSO AVAILABLE FOR SCHOOL TRIPSMENSA (CANTEEN): THE SERVICE IS CONTRACTED BY A PRIVATE SOCIETY AND HAS RUNNED BY SCHOOL.THE PARENTS BUY A CHARGE FOR THE MEALS EVERY MONTH.PSYCHO-PEDAGOGICAL TEAM: SCHOOL AND FAMILY MIGHT ASK THIS TEAM FOR COUNSELING FOR HANDICAPS, FOREIGN STUDENTS OR CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS.