Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

1920 to 1936. Harlem Renaissance Defined Harlem Renaissance (HR) is the name given to the period from the end of World War I and through the middle of.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "1920 to 1936. Harlem Renaissance Defined Harlem Renaissance (HR) is the name given to the period from the end of World War I and through the middle of."— Presentation transcript:

1 1920 to 1936

2 Harlem Renaissance Defined Harlem Renaissance (HR) is the name given to the period from the end of World War I and through the middle of the 1930s Depression, during which a group of talented African-American writers produced a sizable body of literature in the four prominent genres of poetry, fiction, drama, and essay.

3 Harlem Renaissance Defined (continued) Not limited to literature, the movement also includes philosophy, theater, the visual arts, and music.

4 Harlem Renaissance Dates Beginning dates range from 1914 to 1920 Ending dates range from 1935 to 1940

5 Great Migration Beginning of World War I Job opportunities in North Some believe this to be the beginning of H.R.

6 Key Figures

7 W. E. B. Du Bois ( ) Philosopher Sociologist Civil rights activist

8 W.E.B. Du Bois African Americans must be taught racial pride and African cultural heritage Coined the term “Talented Tenth”

9 Charles Gilpin ( ) Performing arts: theater

10 Theater and Film Charles Gilpin founded the Lafayette Players Few plays were written by African Americans

11 Alain LeRoy Locke ( ) Philosopher Educator

12 Alain Locke The New Negro Saw Harlem as race capital

13 Marcus Garvey ( ) Political leader Publisher and journalist Jamaican National Hero

14 Marcus Garvey Back to Africa movement

15 Claude McKay ( ) Writer

16 Claude McKay “If we must die—let it not be like hogs hunted and penned in an inglorious spot…Like men we’ll face the murderous, cowardly pack, Pressed to the wall, dying, but fighting back!”

17 Zora Neale Hurston ( ) Writer Anthropologist Folklorist

18 Jean Toomer ( ) Writer

19 Jean Toomer Poet Envisioned an American identity that would transcend race Did not seek out “black” forms for his poetry

20 Bessie Smith ( ) Jazz and Blues Singer

21 Aaron Douglas ( ) Visual Artist

22 Duke Ellington ( ) Jazz musician Jazz composer Jazz band leader

23 Langston Hughes ( ) Writer

24 Langston Hughes “We younger Negro artists…intend to express our individual dark-skinned selves without fear or shame. If white people are pleased, we are glad. If they are not, it doesn’t matter.”

25 Arna Bontemps ( ) Writer

26 Countee Cullen ( ) Writer

27 Countee Cullen Poet Wrote in accepted forms that white audiences could appreciate Did not believe race should dictate style and subject matter

28 Josephine Baker ( ) Singer Dancer Actress

29 Cab Calloway ( ) Singer Actor Fashion trendsetter

30 Dorothy West ( ) Writer

31 End of World War I “We return. We return from fighting. Make way for democracy! We saved it in France, and by the Great Jehovah, we will save it in the United States of America or know the reason why.” W.E.B. De Bois

32 What’s in a name? Harlem Renaissance Negro Renaissance

33 Creative Forms Writers Poets Philosophers Musicians Visual Artists Filmmakers

34 African-American Literature Sought to reach entire community, not just highly educated Periodicals (magazines) acted as a medium of intellectual discourse The Crisis (cover dated September 1927)

35 The Jazz Age Artistic expression in music Cab Calloway Duke Ellington Josephine Baker Bessie Smith

36 Visual Arts Aaron Douglas 1936

37 End of the Renaissance The Great Depression 50% of families in Harlem were out of work Harlem Race Riot, 1935 Aaron Douglas 1936

38 Gains of the Harlem Renaissance African Americans proved themselves to be talented and capable Created a new consciousness in blacks and whites New art forms Socioeconomic changes Chain Gang William H. Johnson undated

39 The Harlem Renaissance Saturday Night by Archibald J. Motley, Jr. 1935


Download ppt "1920 to 1936. Harlem Renaissance Defined Harlem Renaissance (HR) is the name given to the period from the end of World War I and through the middle of."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google