Time period Late 1910’s- 1930’s, between the World Wars and into the Great Depression.
Meaning The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural movement that spanned in the 1920’s-1930’s. Also known as the “New Negro Movement,” which consisted of music, literature, art, and poetry.
Music The Harlem Renaissance was the beginning of jazz music Jazz was created by African Americans in a racist world, but it was enjoyed by all who listened to it.
Marcus Garvey A leader during the Harlem Renaissance who came up with the “ Back to Africa” campaign Which encouraged African Americans to return to Africa and become reconnected with their heritage.
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois An African American intellectual leader of the United States. He graduated from Harvard University and was the first black American to earn a doctorates degree from Harvard.
Langston Hughes He wrote sixteen books of poems, two nomusicals and operas, three autobiographies, a dozen radio and television scripts and dozens of magazine articlesvels, three collections of short stories, four volumes of editorial and documentary fiction, twenty plays and also children's poetry.
Duke Ellington April 29, 1899 – May 24, 1974. Ellington was a composer, pianist, and a band leader. Ellington wrote over 1,000 compositions.
Louis Armstrong Louis Armstrong, Ella Fitzgerald, and Duke Ellington were some of the most famous musicians during that time. Together they composed thousands of songs that are still enjoyed today.
Artistic Implications The Harlem Renaissance consisted of a “coming out” for African American’s artwork. Many became famous this way. Also, some paintings are held for display next to one of Picasso’s paintings.
Musical Implications Many jazz singers and musicians rose to surface in Harlem during this time. The Cotton Club became a meeting place for many black Americans to dance, sing, and speak their poetry. This is also were “night life” became popular.
Literature The Harlem Renaissance consisted of many poetic people who expressed their selves through literature.