Presentation on theme: "Section 3 African American Culture"— Presentation transcript:
1 Section 3 African American Culture Chapter 20 The Jazz AgeSection 3African American Culture
2 The Harlem Renaissance The Great Migration occurred when hundreds of thousands of African Americans from the rural South headed to industrial cities in the North.In large northern cities, particularly Harlem, A.A. created environments that stimulated artistic development, racial pride, sense of community, and political organization.This became known as the Harlem Renaissance
3 The Writers Claude McKay – first important writer of the H.R. Work expressed defiance and contempt of racism.
4 The WritersLangston Hughes – leading voice of the A.A. experience in the U.S.
5 The WritersZora Neale Hurston – her works influenced contemporary writers of today.Jonah’s Gourd VineTheir Eyes Were Watching God
6 Jazz, Blues, & TheaterLouis Armstrong – introduced jazz, a style of music influenced by Dixieland music and ragtime.1st great cornet and trumpet soloist in jazz music.
7 Jazz, Blues, & TheaterDuke Ellington – Created his own sound, a blend of improvisation and orchestration using different combinations of instruments.
8 Jazz, Blues, & TheaterCotton Club is where many musicians got their start.
9 Jazz, Blues, & TheaterBessie Smith – sang about unrequited love, poverty, and oppression, which were classic themes in blues style music.Evolved from A.A. spirituals.
10 Jazz, Blues, & TheaterPaul Robeson – singer & actor, often appeared at the Apollo in Harlem.Fame eventually even spread to Europe.
11 Jazz, Blues, & TheaterJosephine Baker – most daring performer of the eraDanced on Broadway, but went to Paris in 1925, and became an international star.
12 African American Politics The Great Migration led to A.A. becoming powerful voting blocks, which influenced election outcomes in the North.
13 African American Politics Oscar DePriest – elected as the 1st A.A. representative in Congress from a Northern state after A.A. voted as a block.
14 NAACPThe National Association for the Advancement of Colored People battled against segregation and discrimination.Led efforts to the passage of anti-lynching legislation.The House passed the legislation, but the Senate defeated the bill.
15 Black NationalismJamaican black leader Marcus Garvey’s idea of “Negro Nationalism” glorified black culture and traditions.He founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), which promoted black pride and unity.
16 Marcus GarveyEncouraged education to gain economic & political power; but he also voiced the need for separation and independence from whites.
17 Marcus GarveyHis plan was to create a settlement in Liberia in Africa for A.A. caused the middle class A.A. to distance themselves from Garvey.His ideas led to a sense of pride and hope in A.A. that resurfaced during the civil rights movement in the 1960s.