Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Section 3 African American Culture

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Section 3 African American Culture"— Presentation transcript:

1 Section 3 African American Culture
Chapter 20 The Jazz Age Section 3 African American Culture

2 The Harlem Renaissance
The Great Migration occurred when hundreds of thousands of African Americans from the rural South headed to industrial cities in the North. In large northern cities, particularly Harlem, A.A. created environments that stimulated artistic development, racial pride, sense of community, and political organization. This became known as the Harlem Renaissance

3 The Writers Claude McKay – first important writer of the H.R.
Work expressed defiance and contempt of racism.

4 The Writers Langston Hughes – leading voice of the A.A. experience in the U.S.

5 The Writers Zora Neale Hurston – her works influenced contemporary writers of today. Jonah’s Gourd Vine Their Eyes Were Watching God

6 Jazz, Blues, & Theater Louis Armstrong – introduced jazz, a style of music influenced by Dixieland music and ragtime. 1st great cornet and trumpet soloist in jazz music.

7 Jazz, Blues, & Theater Duke Ellington – Created his own sound, a blend of improvisation and orchestration using different combinations of instruments.

8 Jazz, Blues, & Theater Cotton Club is where many musicians got their start.

9 Jazz, Blues, & Theater Bessie Smith – sang about unrequited love, poverty, and oppression, which were classic themes in blues style music. Evolved from A.A. spirituals.

10 Jazz, Blues, & Theater Paul Robeson – singer & actor, often appeared at the Apollo in Harlem. Fame eventually even spread to Europe.

11 Jazz, Blues, & Theater Josephine Baker – most daring performer of the era Danced on Broadway, but went to Paris in 1925, and became an international star.

12 African American Politics
The Great Migration led to A.A. becoming powerful voting blocks, which influenced election outcomes in the North.

13 African American Politics
Oscar DePriest – elected as the 1st A.A. representative in Congress from a Northern state after A.A. voted as a block.

14 NAACP The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People battled against segregation and discrimination. Led efforts to the passage of anti-lynching legislation. The House passed the legislation, but the Senate defeated the bill.

15 Black Nationalism Jamaican black leader Marcus Garvey’s idea of “Negro Nationalism” glorified black culture and traditions. He founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), which promoted black pride and unity.

16 Marcus Garvey Encouraged education to gain economic & political power; but he also voiced the need for separation and independence from whites.

17 Marcus Garvey His plan was to create a settlement in Liberia in Africa for A.A. caused the middle class A.A. to distance themselves from Garvey. His ideas led to a sense of pride and hope in A.A. that resurfaced during the civil rights movement in the 1960s.

18 End of Chapter 20 Next: Test

Download ppt "Section 3 African American Culture"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google