2Abstinence What is sex? What is abstinence? Vaginal SexOral SexAnal sexTouching of genitalsWhat is abstinence?Abstinence can be defined in many ways.Choosing not to do any sexual activity that carries a risk for pregnancy or STDsWhen is it appropriate to have sexual feelings?Is there a certain age that is acceptable?What are some appropriate ways for high school students to act on sexual feelings?Talk to a friend about your feelings.Write in a journal about your feelings.Go to movies, on walks, out to dinner, spend time with that person.Talk to the person you are attracted to.
3Defining Sexual Activity Commonly used when referring to sexual activity“Ever had sexual intercourse”Tells whether people have ever had sexual intercourse in their lives“Currently sexually active”Usually means sexual activity within the past 3 month“Had sex”Can mean different things to different people“Virginity”Usually refers to a state of never having had sexual intercourse
4How Young People Define Abstinence, Sex, and Virginity A recent survey of teens found that:44% thought people who engaged in genital touching were abstinent33% thought people who engaged in oral sex were abstinent14% thought people who engaged in anal sex were abstinent12% thought people who engaged in vaginal sex were abstinentA survey of college students found that:Almost 100% thought vaginal intercourse counted as having sex81% thought anal intercourse counted as having sex40% thought oral sex counted as having sexA recent survey of U.S. teens found that:84% believed that people were still virgins if they engaged in vaginal touching71% believed were still virgins if they engaged in oral sex16% believed people were still virgins if they engaged in anal sex
5Statistics2010Over half of all high school students reported never having sexual intercourse2/3 were not currently sexually activeIn 9th Graders7 out of 10 had never had sexual intercourse8 out of the 10 were not currently sexually activeIn 12th Graders1/3 had never had sexual intercourseSlightly over half were not currently sexually active
6AbstinenceCan having sex affect your ability to accomplish your goals?Short Term GoalsLong Term GoalsComplete Abstinence and My Goals worksheet.Share one with the class from each
7Abstinence - Ask 3 people in class to answer the questions below. What percentage of 9th and 10 graders do you think are sexually abstinent?What is something you lose if you don’t remain abstinent?What is one strategy a person can use to support a choice to be abstinent?What are some positive outcomes of remaining abstinent?
8The Real Story80% of 9th Graders were currently not having intercourse, and 70% had never had sexual intercourse70% of 10th graders were not currently having intercourse, and 60% had never had sexual intercourseAbout 3 out of 4 feel it’s a good idea to make a conscious decision not to have sex until later in their livesNearly 9 out of 10 say it isn’t embarrassing to acknowledge being a virginAlmost two-thirds of teens who have had sex wish they’d waited longerHalf of teens said that they had been in situations where they could have had sex with someone they cared for but decided against it.
9Reasons for choosing not to have sex They’d made a conscious decision to waitFear of pregnancy, HIV or STIsConcerned about what their parents would thinkNot having met the right personFeeling they were too youngReligious or moral beliefs
10Benefits of Abstinence Staying Healthy – Abstinence is the only 100% effective way to avoid STDs or STI’s, including HIV and AIDS.Not getting Pregnant – Pregnancy can get in the way of school and delay or keep students from graduating. Changes your future plans greatly.
11Benefits of Abstinence Follow beliefs and morals – Many people believe sex is only ok during marriage or a long term committed relationship. Religion influences this greatly.Earn the respect of Family and Friends.Knowing what feels right – Some students know they are not ready for having a sexual relationship.
12Benefits of Abstinence Having other goals – Sexual relationships take up time, energy and effort. Many teens would rather spend time on friends, family, fun interests, and school.Thinking about a Reputation – Young people who are sexually active can be targets for gossip. This seems to be true for girls mostly, but can effect boys as well.Enjoy their freedom – you tend to have lots more free time.
13Making the ChoiceWho do you go to when making tough decisions or having trouble making a decision, need advice or someone to talk to?Who could you go to get help in maintaining your abstinence commitment?Friend with the same choice, abstinenceParents and other family membersTeachersReligious leadersCounselors
14Strategies to maintain your choice What are some strategies you can use to maintain your abstinent commitment?Communicate your commitment to abstinence to your friends and possible romantic partners.Join Clubs or groups where others are committed to abstinence.Don’t be alone with a romantic partner in a tempting situation.Don’t date older, sexually experienced people.Don’t use alcohol or other drugs.
15Positive Self-Talk Ideas you think to yourself are called “self-talk” You can prepare for almost any challenge by giving yourself a pep talk about what’s important to youIf you’re in a tough situation, you can give yourself positive self-talk messages that you’ve thought about a head of time
16StatisticsAbstinence means saying NO to sexual intercourse. It is the most effective, least expensive way to protect yourself from STIs and pregnancy.Nationally only 35% are currently sexually active
179% of high school students report having been physically forced to have sexual intercourse 55% of males and 54% of females between report ever having oral sex.24% of males and 22% of females report that thy have had oral sex and not vaginal intercourse
18In 2007, 21% of 9th grade males and 16% of females in MN reported having sexual intercourse at least once49% of 12 grade males and 49% of females in MN reported having sexual intercourse at least once
19“I don’t want to get an STI” and “One or both of my parents would object” are the major reasons why males in MN say they are not sexually active“I don’t want to get pregnant” and “One or both of my parents would object” are the major reason among females in MN
20Contraceptive UseAbout 25% of teen females and 18% of teen males did not use any method of contraception at first intercourse (making it more likely for them to continue to not use)Sexually active teens who do not sue contraceptives has a 90% change of being coming pregnant within a yearAmong currently sexually active teens nationwide, 61.5% reported that a condom was used the last time they had sexual intercourse. 16% reported that either they or their partner used birth control pills to prevent pregnancy
21In MN, 32% of 9th grade males and 37% of females who are sexually active report never using any birth control methodIn MN, 16% of 12th grade males and 13% of females who are sexually active report never using any birth control method
22Pregnancy and BirthIn the US 1 in 3 young women become pregnant by the age of 20US teen birth rate increased 5% from , interrupting a 34% declineIn 2010, there were 745,000 among teens ages in the US.57% resulted in live birth, 27% were aborted, and 16% are a fetal lossIn Minnesota, 7229 teens became pregnant in 2007In 2007, 5249 teens gave birth in MN, representing 7% of all MN births. About 14 births per day.
23In MN, 17% of teen moms have a second birth before the age of 20 Teen moms age 19 and younger, are more likely to drop out of high school and to be single parentsLess than half of teens who give birth before the age of 17 ever graduate from high school and fewer than 2% earn a college degree by age 30
24STI facts 4 million people will contract an STI every year 1-3 before age 24Teens ages and young adults ages are at a higher risk than older adults.