2What is geography?It is the study of the Earth and the ways people use it. It includes: mountains valleys rivers deserts oceans people
3They are the natural shapes on the Earth’s surface. LandformsThey are the natural shapes on the Earth’s surface.plateaushillsplainscanyons
4Mount Marcy The highest peak in New York State Located in the Adirondack Mountains
5Glaciers They are massive sheets of ice. Glaciers covered NY during the Ice Age.They caused changes to the land byrounding off the tops of hills and carving deep valleys.
6It is the first New York State park. It is shared with Canada. Niagara FallsIt is the first New York State park. It is shared with Canada.
7Finger Lakes Look like fingers There are gorges located near them. A gorge is a valley with steep, rocky sides.
8Adirondack Park one of the biggest parks in the nation located in he northeast part of the statethick forestshome to many animals – beavers, porcupines, bobcats, moose, bears
9Hudson Riverbegins in the Adirondack Mountains and flows to the Atlantic Oceantributaries –streams or rivers that flow into a larger riverestuary – an arm of the sea
10Montauk Point The eastern tip of Long Island Sandy beaches Montauk Point Lighthouse
11Hemisphere Half of the earth Eastern and Western Hemispheres Northern and Southern HemispheresNew York State is located in the Northern Hemisphere. It is located in the Western Hemisphere.
12Continents Largest land areas on Earth Asia Africa North America AntarcticaSouth AmericaEuropeAustralia
13Regions An area with features that make it different from other areas Southwest –canyons and desertsWest – high mountain rangesMidwest – grassy plainsSoutheast – the EvergladesNortheast – Cape Cod and places by the coast
14Regions of New York based on physical features like the Hudson Valley and Catskill Mountain regionhuman features – something built by people like cities –the New York City and Long Island regionculture – a group of people’s way of life – a farming region