Presentation on theme: "Government of the people by the people for the people."— Presentation transcript:
Government of the people by the people for the people
What is Civics? Civics is the study of the rights and duties of citizens The concept of citizenship dates back more than 2,500 years to Greece and Rome (only applied to men with property)
What is a Citizen? Citizens are part of a country They share a common history, common customs or common values They agree to follow a set of rules and to accept the government’s authority
What is a Government? A government is the ruling authority for a community. Basically any organization that has the power to make and enforce laws and decisions for its members acts as a government.
What would happen with out a government. If there were no government to make and enforce laws, we would live in a state of confusion, violence, and fear.
4 basic function of government Keeping order providing security Providing public services Guiding the community
How do governments keep order? Governments make laws to help prevent conflicts and to settle those conflicts that do arise Governments have the power to enforce those laws
How do governments provide security? Prevent Crime Protect citizens from foreign attacks
What public services do governments provide? Provide libraries, schools, hospitals, parks, water and utilities They also provide for the needy
How do governments Guide the community? Manage the economy Conduct foreign relations And set Public Policy
What is public policy? A course of government action to achieve community goals Governments also guide the community by setting a budget
What is a budget? A plan for collecting and spending money from the community
There are 3 levels of our government National Government Centered in the nations' capital, washing, D.C. They make and enforce the laws for the entire country. State Government Which decides matters for the people in their state Local Government Local governments include counties, cities and towns
Which type of Government do we have a Democracy or a Dictatorship? A Dictatorship is a government controlled by one person or a small group of people A Democracy is a kind of government in which the people rule. The foundations of democracy began in ancient Greece There are two types of Democracy
What are the two types of Democracy Direct Democracy All citizens met to debate government matters and vote first-hand Representative Democracies Citizens choose a smaller group to represent them, make laws, and govern on their behalf, but the people remain the source of the governments authority.
The fundamental principles of American Democracy Rule of law All people, including those who govern, are bound by law Limited Government Government is not all powerful Consent of the governed American citizens are the source of all governmental power Individual rights Individual rights are protected Representative government People elect government leaders to make the laws and govern on their behalf.