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Is it alive?. Living things: Are organized Are organized Can reproduce Can reproduce Change Change Adjust to their surroundings Adjust to their surroundings.

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Presentation on theme: "Is it alive?. Living things: Are organized Are organized Can reproduce Can reproduce Change Change Adjust to their surroundings Adjust to their surroundings."— Presentation transcript:

1 Is it alive?

2 Living things: Are organized Are organized Can reproduce Can reproduce Change Change Adjust to their surroundings Adjust to their surroundings Adapt & evolve Adapt & evolve

3 Living things are organized: All living things show an orderly structure All living things show an orderly structure All living things are composed of one or more cells. All living things are composed of one or more cells. Each cell contains the genetic material, or DNA, that provides all the information needed to control the organism’s life processes Each cell contains the genetic material, or DNA, that provides all the information needed to control the organism’s life processes All of the cells function together All of the cells function together

4 Living things reproduce: Reproduction is the production of offspring Reproduction is the production of offspring Reproduction is not essential for the survival of an individual organism, but it is essential for the continuation of the organism’s species. Reproduction is not essential for the survival of an individual organism, but it is essential for the continuation of the organism’s species.

5 Living things change: An organism’s life begins as a single cell, and over time, it grows and takes on the characteristics of its species. An organism’s life begins as a single cell, and over time, it grows and takes on the characteristics of its species. All organisms grow, with different parts of the organism growing at different rates. All organisms grow, with different parts of the organism growing at different rates. –Organisms made up of only one cell may change little during their lives, but they do grow. –Organisms made up of numerous cells go through many changes during their lifetimes.

6 Living things adjust to their surroundings: Many of the structures and behaviors that you see in organisms enable them to adjust to the environment Many of the structures and behaviors that you see in organisms enable them to adjust to the environment –A fox responds to the presence of a rabbit by quietly moving toward it, then pouncing –Trees adjust to cold, dry winter weather by losing their leaves.

7 Anything in an organism’s external or internal environment that causes the organism to react is a stimulus. Anything in an organism’s external or internal environment that causes the organism to react is a stimulus. A reaction to a stimulus is a response. A reaction to a stimulus is a response. Stimuli include: Stimuli include: –Air, water, weather, temperature, and any other organisms in the area… An organism will adjust to some stimuli by regulating its internal environment to maintain conditions suitable for its survival. This is called Homeostasis. An organism will adjust to some stimuli by regulating its internal environment to maintain conditions suitable for its survival. This is called Homeostasis.

8 Living things adapt & evolve: Adaptation- any inherited structure, behavior, or internal process that enables an organism to respond to environmental factors and live to produce offspring. Adaptation- any inherited structure, behavior, or internal process that enables an organism to respond to environmental factors and live to produce offspring. As the environment changes, some adaptations are more suited to the new conditions than other. As the environment changes, some adaptations are more suited to the new conditions than other. Individuals with more suitable adaptations are more likely to survive and reproduce. Individuals with more suitable adaptations are more likely to survive and reproduce. The gradual change in a species through adaptations over time is evolution. The gradual change in a species through adaptations over time is evolution.


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