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Ch. 15 IDs. 1.) Ellis Island What – Immigrant inspection station Where – New York City, NY When – 1892-1954 Significance – Major center for immigration.

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Presentation on theme: "Ch. 15 IDs. 1.) Ellis Island What – Immigrant inspection station Where – New York City, NY When – 1892-1954 Significance – Major center for immigration."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ch. 15 IDs

2 1.) Ellis Island What – Immigrant inspection station Where – New York City, NY When – Significance – Major center for immigration for those travelling across the Atlantic

3 2.) Angel Island What – Immigrant inspection station Where – San Francisco, CA When – Significance - Major center for immigration for those travelling across the Pacific

4 3.) Working Man’s Party/Chinese Exclusion Act What – Political Party that tried to stop Chinese immigration/law that stopped Chinese immigration When – Law was into effect from Where – WMP was centrally located in CA Significance – Shows the racial intolerance of the time period

5 4.) Skyscraper What – Tall, large building When – Disputed b/w 1870 and 1885 Significance – Changed the layout and look of urban cities (Leads to birth of modern city)

6 5.) Urbanization What – Process of people moving to and building cities Significance – Urbanization leads to a number of problems, which people will then call for reform

7 6.) Mass Transit Systems What – Urban transportation systems including subways, cable cars, trolleys, and elevated trains Significance – Allows middle class families to move away from the cities to the suburbs and commute to work

8 7.) Boll Weevil What – Insect that feeds on cotton Significance – Boll weevil ruins many crops for southern farmers, causing them to move north and look for jobs in industries

9 8.) Great Chicago Fire What – Fire Where – Chicago, IL When – 1885 Significance – – 1.) Destroys nearly 20% of the city, leaving 100,000 homeless – 2.) Causes city officials to create and enforce fire safety/prevention programs

10 9.) Nativism What – Movement/feeling of hatred towards immigrants and favoritism toward those born within country Significance – Movement will lead toward changes in legislation that banned immigration from certain countries

11 10.) Political Machine What – term used to describe a political party that dominates politics on it’s level (city/state/regional) Significance – People go along with political machines because the politicians usually provide people with the services that they need

12 11.) Tammany Hall What – Political Machine (Democrat) Where – New York City, NY When – Significance – Greatest example of a political party in American History

13 12.) Gilded Age What – Term used to describe period in American History that saw great prosperity, industrialization, urbanization, political corruption, and reform When – 1870s-1920s Who – Coined by Mark Twain Significance – Era in which one sees the birth of modern America

14 13.) Horatio Alger Who – Famous novelist Significance – His “rags to riches” novels helped portray the popular theory of individualism

15 14.) Social Darwinism What – Theory that some cultures/nations are better than others Significance – Theory is used as justification for US government and political decisions of the era

16 15.) Gospel of Wealth What – Movement lead by wealthy philanthropists in which they thought it was their duty to make contributions to society When – Gilded Age Significance – Will lead to the creation of beloved public institutions such as libraries, museums, and theatres

17 16.) Realism What – Cultural movement that focused on portraying society as realistically as possible When – Gilded Age Significance – Portrays social problems to society, who in turn will call for reform

18 17.) Mark Twain Who – Famous writer Significance – – 1.) Coins the term “Gilded Age” – 2.) Famous realist and satirist/social critic – 3.) Author of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

19 18.) “Rise of Popular Culture” What – Time period in which people living in cities were making more money and had more free time to spend it When – Gilded Age Significance – Leads to new ways to spend leisure time, including professional sports, vaudeville shows, and saloons

20 19.) Social Gospel What – Christian movement that focused on using Christian principles on making social improvements When – Gilded Age Significance – Credited with starting inner city missions

21 20.) Henry George Who – Author and early reformer When – Gilded Age Significance – His thoughts and ideas will lead to inspiring a generation of reformers during the Progressive Era

22 21.) Salvation Army/YMCA What – Organizations created in order to help provide for the poor and struggling classes in the inner cities Significance – One of the first social welfare programs

23 22.) Morrill Land Act What – Legislation that set land aside for the creation of state colleges When – 1862/1890 Significance – – 1.) Expansion of act in 1890 was geared toward southern states and mid-western states – 2.) Southern states created two colleges (white/black) – 3.) Leads to creation of some of the greater high education institutions in US

24 23.) Naturalism What – Cultural movement that focused on nature Significance – Naturalists challenged technology and reminded people that nature will always prevail over human efforts

25 24.) Public Education What – During this time period, more public schools were created, as well as compulsory school laws When – Gilded Age Significance – Schools taught discipline, vocational skills, English, history and civics in order to “create” good citizens and workers

26 25.) Settlement House Movement What – Centers created in inner cities that provided services to people such as food and shelter, English classes, classes that taught skills When – Gilded Age Significance – Credited as the birth of social work


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