Presentation on theme: "Ellis Island: European Immigration, c. 1900 11.2 Students analyze the relationship among the rise of industrialization, large-scale rural-to- urban migration,"— Presentation transcript:
Ellis Island: European Immigration, c. 1900 11.2 Students analyze the relationship among the rise of industrialization, large-scale rural-to- urban migration, and massive immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe.
Immigration from Europe 1 st Wave 1870s-1880s: Western and Northern Europeans (German, English and Irish Immigrants 2 nd Wave 1890s- 1920s: Southern and Eastern Europeans (Italian, Jewish, and Polish immigrants
Why did Europeans come to the U.S.? Push Factors: (What made them leave Europe?) 1. Population growth 2. Hunger 3. No land 4. Religious persecution Pull Factors: (What made the U.S. look good?) 1. Farmland 2. Jobs 3. Family already there 4. Free democratic society
Ellis Island Immigration Station: New York 1892-1954 Major Immigration Entry Point
Ellis Island Medical Inspections: Six-second exam Legal Interviews 29 Questions: What is your name? Age? 20% failed one of these Hospital Further interviews 2% Deported
Beyond Ellis Island: Many immigrants settle in cities: New York, Chicago, Boston 187025% of Americans live in cities 192050% of Americans live in cities Immigrants settle near others from their home country Tenements: crowded, dirty Settlement Houses: provide services, such as child care and classes