Presentation on theme: "Ellis Island: European Immigration, c. 1900"— Presentation transcript:
1Ellis Island: European Immigration, c. 1900 11.2 Students analyze the relationship among the rise of industrialization, large-scale rural-to-urban migration, and massive immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe.
3Immigration from Europe 1st Wave1870s-1880s: Western and Northern Europeans (German, English and Irish Immigrants2nd Wave 1890s-1920s:Southern and Eastern Europeans (Italian, Jewish, and Polish immigrants
4Why did Europeans come to the U.S.? Push Factors:(What made them leave Europe?)Population growthHungerNo landReligious persecutionPull Factors:(What made the U.S. look good?)FarmlandJobsFamily already thereFree democratic society
5Ellis Island Immigration Station: New York Major Immigration Entry Point
6Ellis Island Medical Inspections: Legal Interviews “Six-second exam”Legal Interviews29 Questions: What is your name? Age?20% failed one of theseHospitalFurther interviews2% Deported
7Beyond Ellis Island:Many immigrants settle in cities: New York, Chicago, Boston1870—25% of Americans live in cities1920—50% of Americans live in citiesImmigrants settle near others from their home countryTenements: crowded, dirtySettlement Houses: provide services, such as child care and classes