2Unit Four Objectives To recognize and use gender distinction in ASL. To understand and use contrastive structure.To incorporate numbers into conversationTo gain exposure to Deaf art.To sign about family, friends and relationships.To use pronoun sign appropriately.
3Unit 4 Vocabulary http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=47O1aKJhE3s Teachers from Kent, Wa.part Apart Bpart C
4Narrative What’s your family like? Outcomes: MASL p 122What’s your family like?Outcomes:Cycles through the Question-Maker, WH-Face, and other non-manual signals based on content;Communicates about family members using the Listing & Ordering technique;Demonstrates recognition of prosodic elements;Delivers presentational communication appropriate to live or recorded contexts.
5Lesson One Outcomes: Family; Gender Distinction; Coda Family Members MASL ppFamily; Gender Distinction; Coda Family MembersOutcomes:Communicates about family composition and size;Includes the cultural feature of mentioning family connections with Deaf;Includes gender-based signs as necessary;Understands the hybrid role of coda family members.
6Lesson TwoMASL ppContrastive Structure; Eyes on ASL #8:Shoulder-ShiftingOutcomes:Incorporates contrastive structure to distinguish between one, two or three points or details when describing family;Uses Shoulder-Shifting when signing about more than one person or object.
7Lesson Three Outcomes: Deaf Culture Note: Deaf Family Dynamics MASL p 134Deaf Culture Note: Deaf Family DynamicsOutcomes:Understands that many Deaf people grow up in families with limited communication;Appreciates the reasons why a Deaf person may ask of a hearing individual, “Why are you learning ASL?’
8Lesson Four Signing Age; Eyes on ASL #9:The Age-Spot Outcomes: MASL ppSigning Age; Eyes on ASL #9:The Age-SpotOutcomes:Communicates about age using the Age-Spot;Integrates the Rule of 9 for the appropriate age numbers;Can identify age signs in both formats;Can express age signs using at least one of the dominant formats.
9Lesson FiveMASL ppListing & Ordering Technique; Life Events; My Family NarrativeOutcomes:Can communicate multiple details about one or more individuals or events using the Listing & Ordering Technique;Discusses major life events and corresponding ages when those events occur;Comprehends the content of the My Family narrative.
10Lesson Six Focus: the Deaf Experience and the Arts Outcomes: MASL ppFocus: the Deaf Experience and the ArtsOutcomes:Gains exposure to a variety of art produced by Deaf artists, including painting, theatre, and sculpture;Understands the recurring motif of the hands in Deaf art.
11Lesson SevenMASL ppFriends & Relationships; Friendship Patterns in the Deaf Community; Plural form of To GoOutcomes:Communicates about friends and relationships;Understands the origin and value of life-long friendships between Deaf individuals;Incorporates the plural form of to go as needed while communicating.
12Lesson Eight I want to know…How Do I Fix Mistakes? Outcomes: MASL ppI want to know…How Do I Fix Mistakes?Outcomes:Integrates self-correction strategies while communicating, including OOPS, UM, and WAVE-NO;Understands one does not need to “erase” signs or incorporate unnecessary exaggeration when making a correction.
13Lesson Nine Pronouns & Number; Eyes on ASL#10:Pronoun Agreement MASL ppPronouns & Number; Eyes on ASL#10:Pronoun AgreementOutcomes:Can incorporate pronouns into communication;Understands the concept of pronoun and number agreement;Modifies pronoun use according to the context.
14Lesson TenMASL ppDescribing Physical & Personal Qualities; Friends NarrativeOutcomes:Communicates about the physical and personal characteristics of friends and other individuals;Integrates facial expressions with specific qualities;Comprehends the material in the Friends narrative.
16Narrative What’s your family like? Outcomes: MASL p 122What’s your family like?Outcomes:Cycles through the Question-Maker, WH-Face, and other non-manual signals based on content;Communicates about family members using the Listing & Ordering technique;Demonstrates recognition of prosodic elements;Delivers presentational communication appropriate to live or recorded contexts.
17Vocabulary What’s your family like? Explain (talk about) Family All-togetherWantOnlyBrother, sisterGamesGetting betterHaveLikeTo camp (unit 6)To play (unit 6)Sometimes (unit 7)MASL p 121
18What’s your family like? Hey, how are you?I want to talk to you about my family.All together there are five of us.I’m fifteen years old and the middle child.I’m the only deaf person in my family.I have one brother and one sister.They don’t sign very well, but are getting better.We like to play games and sometimes go camping.What’s your family like?P 73
20Lesson One Outcomes: Family; Gender Distinction; Coda Family Members MASL ppFamily; Gender Distinction; Coda Family MembersOutcomes:Communicates about family composition and size;Includes the cultural feature of mentioning family connections with Deaf;Includes gender-based signs as necessary;Understands the hybrid role of coda family members.
21Vocabulary Family Size Big, large Family Like Same-as Medium Only SmallMASL p 122
22Signing About FamilyMaking inquiries about someone’s family is a common way to practice and use language.In the dialogue below, notice how each signer exchanges information.Pay particular attention to the phrase “brothers and sisters.”What is different about the shoulders? (See pictures on 122)P 122
23Signing About Family Dialogue Translation Sean: What’s your family like?Kelly: My family is small.Sean: Oh, I see. My family isn’t too big. Do you have any brothers and sisters?Kelly: No, I don’t have any. It’s a small family.P 122
24Vocabulary Family Members #ALL, everybody Child Children To have ParentsPeopleMASL p 123
25A Classroom Exercise How many? What can you say about each family? In complete sentences, explain:(See picture 1-4 on pg 123)1. How many children are in each family?2. Who are the hearing and Deaf members of the family?Ex. Their family has two childrenMust see pics on pg 123Rand Family: All DeafClark familyArroyo Family: Children DeafDart Family: Parents DeafP 123
26A Classroom Exercise How many people are in your family? Head count. Ask a partner how many members are in each family.Your partner will respond using the information shown.When done, switch roles and repeat the exercise.An example is provided. (See picture middle of p.123)How many people are in your family?8 people3 people11 people5 people9 people4 people6 people7 people2 peopleP 123
27Vocabulary Family Signs Aunt Baby Brother Cousin Father Grandfather GrandmotherMotherRelativesSisterStepTotal, to add up, all-togetherTwinsUncleS-T-E-PFalse (common in Washington)MASL p 121
28B Classroom Exercise Have Deaf? The expression have deaf is common to ask whether there are Deaf people in your family.If the answer is yes, it is polite to explain who is Deaf in the family.Ask a partner if he or she has any Deaf members in the family, following the example.Your partner will respond using the information shown.Switch roles and repeat the exercise when done.Example (See pictures top of pg. 124)Are there any Deaf people in your Family?Yes, My Parents are Deaf.No, nobody’s DeafP 124
29B Classroom Exercise Are there any Deaf people in your Family? Yes, my mother is Deaf.No, there are no Deaf people in my family.Yeah, I have a Deaf cousin.Yes, my brother is Deaf.Yes, my Aunt Clair is Deaf.Nobody’s Deaf in my family, but my grandfather is hard-of-hearing.Yeah, I have a cousin who’s Deaf.Yes, my sister and brother are Deaf.All my family is Deaf.P 124
30B Classroom Exercise Building Blocks Create complete sentences using information from each column.An example is shown. (See picture bottom of pg. 124)My Deaf friend lives in New York.SisterCousinParentsBrotherFriendDeafHearingHard-of-hearingWantsLikesBornFromLives-inWorksTo studySign languageHawaiiRestaurantCanadaFloridaP 124
31Homework Exercise 1Who do you live with? What are their names? Practice signing about your family in a minimum of five ASL sentences. Practice signing clearly and smoothly.Is your family large, medium, or small? Practice signing about your family and relatives, including how many family members you have, names, and where everybody lives. Bring in a photograph to help you explain your family relationships in a minimum of five ASL sentences. Practice signing clearly and smoothlyWrite the sentences you practice in ASL for Assignments A and/ or B in ASL gloss.P 125
32Classroom ExerciseCChris Lee’s FamilyOpen your MASL book to pp 126 , 127.Answer the questions about Chris Lee’s family in complete ASL sentences.p 77
33Vocabulary Related Signs To be dead, missing (passed away) To divorce To marryOlder, (tall, adult)Younger, (short)MASL p 127
34D Classroom Exercise Family information. Fill in the blanks with names or signs fromVocabulary: Related Signs to make a complete sentence.1. My stepbrother’s name is_____.2. Yesterday, their grandfather____.3. Our____ cousin lives in ____.4. My uncle ____ is not ____.5. I don’t want to____.p 127
35D Classroom Exercise Family information. 6. I have twin ____. Fill in the blanks with names or signs fromVocabulary: Related Signs to make a complete sentence.6. I have twin ____.7. My younger sister is named____.8. Their aunt is____.9. My ____brother/sister is named____.10. Are they____ or ____?p 127
36Classroom ExerciseDDialogue. Create a dialogue with a partner in which family information is exchanged, including:asking about any Deaf members of the family;asking for and giving the names of at least three family members;explaining whether one has older or younger siblings.p 127
37ASL Up Close Gender Distinction in American Sign Language When you say “my cousin” in English, how do you distinguish between a female or male cousin?English does not have a way to convey the concept of a female cousin in a single word, unlike most languages.ASL distinguishes gender aspects of signs by locating a sign in either the masculine or feminine areas of the face, as seen in the illustration.Depending on where you place the sign cousin, it means female cousin or male cousin.What other signs do you know with gender distinction?MASL p 128
38ASL Up Close Gender Distinction in American Sign Language Let’s practice:BoyCousin – femaleCousin – maleDaughterGirlManNephewNieceSonWomanMASL p 128
39Classroom ExerciseEGender Distinction Sign each sentence in ASL, using the correct form of gender-specific signs as needed.My cousin Joseph lives in Florida.Her niece was born yesterday.My sister married a man who has two daughters.Our daughter is named Carrie.I have a cousin named Tara.My aunt and uncle are divorced.My nephew lives in Ohio with my sister.My ASL teacher is a manOur daughter’s name is Rebekahp 128
40Classroom ExerciseEGender SignsWhich gender sign best matches the clues provided? (See pictures 1-12 on pg. 129)p 129
41Did You Know??Approximately 10% of Deaf people have Deaf children, which means 90% of Deaf parents have hearing children.A hearing child of Deaf adults is known by the finger spelled word “coda.”Though codas are hearing, they are an important part of the Deaf community and culture.Often, a coda’s first language is ASL.Contrary to popular belief, hearing children of Deaf parents rarely encounter problems learning how to speak.It can be said of codas that they have the best of both worlds!Many codas cherish ASL and the Deaf community and are proud to have this unique background.To learn more about codas and CODA, and international organization of codas from around the world, visit:p 129
43Lesson TwoMASL ppContrastive Structure; Eyes on ASL #8:Shoulder-ShiftingOutcomes:Incorporates contrastive structure to distinguish between one, two or three points or details when describing family;Uses Shoulder-Shifting when signing about more than one person or object.
44Contrastive Structure There are three main uses for Shoulder-Shifting in ASL.In this section, you will use Shoulder-Shifting to ask and answer questions that incorporate more than one detail or piece of information.Using Shoulder-Shifting in this way is known as contrastive structure.This generally takes the place of “and.”P 130
45Contrastive Structure Dialogue TranslationMarc: What’s your family like?Sean: I have two brothers and two sisters.Marc: Oh, okay. Do they live nearby?Sean: My brother is over in California, and my sister is in South DakotaP 130
46Accent StepsDon’t switch your dominant and non dominant hands when using the Shoulder-Shift.Simply orient your shoulders in a different direction and continue signing.MASL p130
47ASL Up Close Using Shoulder-Shifting The illustration on the right demonstrates Shoulder-Shifting, a feature unique to American Sign Language.Related to the concept of deixis in which the index finger points to a person or object which may or may not be visible, shoulders-shifting is a way to distinguish several pieces of information in a signed sentence by slightly moving your head and shoulders in a different direction for each detail.The illustration shown here demonstrates Shoulder-Shifting for three different pieces of information.Shoulder-Shifting is used for:Contrasting: Multiple topics or pieces of information in the same sentences;Comparing: What more than one person says or does;Separating: More than one idea or concept in the same sentence.See pictures on pg. 131MASL p 131
48Classroom ExerciseFAnd Use Shoulder-Shifting for each vocabulary pair.Brother and sister4 and 6Married and divorcedDeaf and hearingYounger and olderSmall and mediumCousin (male) and Cousin (female)Man and womanASL and sign languagep 130
49Classroom ExerciseFAnd Use Shoulder-Shifting for each vocabulary pair.Brother and sister4 and 6Married and divorcedDeaf and hearingYounger and olderSmall and mediumCousin (male) and Cousin (female)Man and womanASL and sign languagep 130
50F Classroom Exercise Dialogue Create a dialogue with a partner that uses at least two examples of Shoulder-Shifting.Prepare to sign the dialogue to your class.p 130
51Eyes on ASL #8MASL DVDUse Shoulder-Shifting when signing about more than one person or object.Eye gaze and shoulder-shifting is used more often than the separate sign for “and.”p 131
52G Classroom Exercise Contrastive structure drill. Sign each of the following sentences, using contrastive structure for the information in italics.They are: 1 man; 2 women.I have two cousins: Cousin named Sean; cousin named Laura.I need: hot and cold water.p 132
53G Classroom Exercise Contrastive structure drill. Girl; Boy. I have: One brother; Two sistersHis: Grandmother is deceased; Grandfather is alive.My: Uncle is watching TV; Aunt is sleepingp 132
54G Classroom Exercise Contrastive structure drill. My parents are divorced: Father lives in New York; Mother lives in California.My: Mother is Deaf; Father is hearing; two brothers are DeafShe has: One dog; Two Cats; two older sisters.p 132
55Classroom ExerciseGShoulder-shifting. Use contrastive structure to describe each illustration. (See Pictures 1-5 middle of pg. 132)p 132
56G Classroom Exercise More than one. Create sentences based on the shoulder-shifting illustrations below. (See Pictures 1-3 bottom of pg. 132)p 132
57H Classroom Exercise Facial expressions. Use shoulder-shifting with each pair of facial expressions. (See pictures 1-5 top of pg. 133)p 133
58Accent StepsMany words in ASL are compound signs, which are two separate signs combined to make an additional meaning.Combining the signs for mother and father creates parents, and sun plus shine means to be sunny.When using compounds, sign each portion quickly and smoothly in one motion.Can you think of any other compound signs you know?Though they are not compounds, grandparents and cousins are made the same way.MASL p 133
59VocabularyHousehold PetsBirdCatDogFishMASL p 133
60Homework Exercise 2What did you do this week? For each thing you did, use Shoulder-Shifting to sign its opposite. For example, I went to school/ I didn’t go to school. Practice five sentences using shoulder-shifting.How many brothers and sisters do you have? Cousins? Nieces or nephews? What is the name of your best friend? Your parents, grandparents? Use contrastive structure to sign about a minimum of six individuals.Write the sentences you practice in ASL for assignments A and/ or B in ASL gloss.P 134
62Lesson Three Outcomes: Deaf Culture Note: Deaf Family Dynamics MASL p 134Deaf Culture Note: Deaf Family DynamicsOutcomes:Understands that many Deaf people grow up in families with limited communication;Appreciates the reasons why a Deaf person may ask of a hearing individual, “Why are you learning ASL?’
63Deaf Culture NOTE Deaf Family Dynamics When an ASL student begins to socialize with Deaf people, one certain question is always asked:Why are you interested in learning ASL?It is a sincere question deeply rooted in the shared experience of being Deaf in a hearing world.Historically, very few hearing people learned American Sign Language aside from codas and those who worked closely with Deaf people, such as clergy.Unfortunately, very few others learned how to sign, including hearing family members and relatives.Most Deaf people are from hearing families who don’t know ASL but rely on a few signs and improvised gestures called home signs.Even today many Deaf children have parents who don’t sign, or live in a family where a mother and sibling ---usually a sister--- can sign.MASL p134
64NOTEDeaf CultureBecause of this background where most hearing people did not want to learn ASL, a sincere question is Why do you?Asking this is a way for Deaf people to get to know you and your background, to learn whether you have a Deaf relative or friend, and your motivation to learn ASL.Is it for work reasons, socialization reasons, for fun?Deaf people are genuinely pleased to see more hearing people learning American Sign Language for many reasons, especially for communication and understanding.Now that ASL is becoming widely respected and studied, more parents are learning ASL for the sake of their Deaf children, a welcome sight in the Deaf community.MASL p134
66Lesson Four Signing Age; Eyes on ASL #9:The Age-Spot Outcomes: MASL ppSigning Age; Eyes on ASL #9:The Age-SpotOutcomes:Communicates about age using the Age-Spot;Integrates the Rule of 9 for the appropriate age numbers;Can identify age signs in both formats;Can express age signs using at least one of the dominant formats.
67Eyes on ASL #9MASL DVDAll age signs originate at the A ge-Spot and face outward.Using separate signs for 10,year, and old is sloppy and incorrect.
68Signing AgeSigning somebody’s age follows a general pattern of touching a number sign at an area on the chin know as the Age-Spot.Being able to use age signs correctly is an important part of making conversation.Note that the WH-Face accompanies the phrase how old are you?P 135
69Signing Age DVD Dialogue Translation: Rita: How old are you? How old are your cousins?Sean: I’m 15 years old, and my cousins are 4 and 5.P 135
70ASL Up Close The Age Spot (see picture bottom of pg. 135) Place a number sign at the Age Spot and then move the handshape away from the chin in one movement.You do not need to twist your wrist inward for ages involving the numbers 1-5. (it stays palm out)Moving the number away from the Age Spot conveys the meaning years old, so you do not need to add separate signs for year and old after the number.The number’s movement away from the Age Spot means years old, so only one sign is needed to say two years old.MASL p 135
71Signing AgeThere are four things to know about signing age in ASL: (see pictures on pg. 136)
72Signing AgeAges 1-9 always follow this format, and is part of the Rule of 9.p 136
73Signing AgeAges except for 13,14,15 follow either variation, depending on the style preferred in your area.p 136
74Signing AgeGenerally age numbers follow the format seen here:p 136
75Signing AgeAges 13,14,15 are always signed like this:p 136
76I Classroom Exercise 3 years old 10 years old 35 years old Signing age.Use the correct sign for each age number.3 years old10 years old35 years old18 years old20 years old25 years old8 years old1 year old55 years old13 years oldp 137
77Classroom ExerciseISigning age. Use the correct sign for each age number.40 years old15 years old17 years old2 years old29 years old33 years old16 years old5 years old60 years old42 years old23 years old9 years old69 years old11 years old17 years oldp 137
78I Classroom Exercise How old is everybody? Chad is 2 years old. Sign each sentence in ASL using the information provided, adding whether the person is a baby, young, a teenager, middle-aged, or old.Follow the example shown. (See picture middle of pg. 137)Chad is 2 years old.Tonya is 33 years old.He is 48 years old.DaShawn is 15 years old.My mother is 42 years old.p 137
79I Classroom Exercise How old is everybody? Ahmed is 20 years old. Sign each sentence in ASL using the information provided, adding whether the person is a baby, young, a teenager, middle-aged, or old.Follow the example shown. (See picture middle of pg. 137)Ahmed is 20 years old.Kendra is 16 years old.My grandfather is 80 years old.She’s 13 years old.Kiernan is 1 year oldp 137
80I Classroom Exercise How old is everybody? Sign each sentence in ASL using the information provided, adding whether the person is a baby, young, a teenager, middle-aged, or old.Follow the example shown. (See picture middle of pg. 137)Cecile is 30 years old.He is not 1 year old yet.Mike is 17 years old.Tera is 29 years old.I am___ years old.p 137
81Classroom ExerciseIDialogue. Create a dialogue with a partner that includes the following:GreetingsAsking about ones ageExchanging birthdatesAsking about the age of another family memberAsking about the age of a friendSigning farewellp 137
82VocabularyAge Related SignsTeenagerTo be youngMASL p 137
84Lesson FiveMASL ppListing & Ordering Technique; Life Events; My Family NarrativeOutcomes:Can communicate multiple details about one or more individuals or events using the Listing & Ordering Technique;Discusses major life events and corresponding ages when those events occur;Comprehends the content of the My Family narrative.
85ASL Up Close The Listing & Order Technique DVD Making a visual list of information such as names or ages is called the Listing and Ordering Technique.This technique is used most often when providing several details about one or more person or thing.The non-dominate hand forms a list with each new bit of information signed by the dominate hand.(See pictures top of pg. 138)Example 1Marc is the first, I’m the second, and Lila is the thirdExample 2He (Marc) is 15, I’m 35, and she (Lila) is 18.MASL p 138
86J Classroom Exercise Age and Shoulder-Shift. Use contrastive structure to state each set of ages.(See picture bottom of Pg. 138.)Right side HE AGE~7…..left side HE AGE~3They are seven and three years old.p 138
87J Classroom Exercise 6…10 21…12 7…9 14…16 30…15 16…20 8…32 17…25 1…1 42…13Right side HE AGE~7…..left side HE AGE~3p 138
89J Classroom Exercise Making lists. Use the Listing and Ordering Technique with each group of information.10 years old,5 years old,25 years oldBryan,Leslie,Jason,Lisa,JeffI'm going to: New York,Washington D.C.,BostonJohn is first,Lara is second,And Rick is last.Megan is 17,I’m ____,And Hannah is 23p 138
90K Classroom Exercise Context. Open your MASL book to page 139. Use your imagination to create a second sentence that follows the first.Sign both sentences when done. (See pictures 1-3)p 139
91Homework Exercise 3What are the names and ages of your family members? Use contrastive structure and the Listing and Ordering Technique to sign about your family. Prepare to share information with your classmates in ASL.You are planning to go out with friends sometime on the weekend. Use contrastive structure and the Listing and Ordering Technique to explain a minimum of five things you would like to do. Prepare to share your plans with your classmates in ASL.use ASL gloss to write down the ASL sentences you practice for Assignments A or BP 139
93Lesson Six Focus: the Deaf Experience and the Arts Outcomes: MASL ppFocus: the Deaf Experience and the ArtsOutcomes:Gains exposure to a variety of art produced by Deaf artists, including painting, theatre, and sculpture;Understands the recurring motif of the hands in Deaf art.
94Focus: The Deaf Experience and the Arts “They are the first, last and all the time, the people of the eye.” –George Veditz, 1913Part of the definition of culture includes art, which is the expression of human creativity in theater, painting, sculpture, poetry and literature, multimedia, film, drama, and other related forms.The arts are a vibrant and important aspect of Deaf culture, a culture that cherishes the hands and the visual mode of communication.Some Deaf artists focus on deafness and others do not, each preferring to create works ranging from the abstract to the fanciful, the concrete to the utilitarian, aiming to present an interpretation of their unique perspective.MASL p 140, 141
95Chuck BairdChuck Baird is a well-know artist highly valued for hisfanciful expressions of American Sign Language.Chuck Baird depicts the Deaf experience in Untitled,1989.
97Focus: The Deaf Experience and the Arts There are several Deaf theater groups such as the National Theatre of the Deaf and Deaf West Theatre that stage performances featuring Deaf actors, writers, and visual themes.Deaf theatre is especially popular with both Deaf and hearing audiences around the world.MASL p 140, 141
98Douglas Tilden’s The Bear Hunt at the California School for the Deaf
99Focus: The Deaf Experience and the Arts Douglas Tilden’s ( ) sculptures are renowned for their evocative expression of purpose, seen here in the life-sized The Bear Hunt.Tilden is considered one of the finest sculptors of his age.MASL p 140, 141
100Focus: The Deaf Experience and the Arts Deaf Native American artist Tony Landon McGregor fuses traditional art forms with ASL in many of his works.MASL p 140, 141
101Focus: The Deaf Experience and the Arts Deaf actors and writers produce and act in original works for the stage and film, and also appear on television and wide- release movies such as Love is Never Silent and Children of a Lesser God.MASL p 140, 141
102Focus: The Deaf Experience and the Arts Dr. Betty Miller’s artwork highlights the oppression Deaf people have experienced, particularly the suppression of American Sign Language, and celebrates the beauty of Deaf culture and ASL.The hands are a cherished focus in Deaf art, a theme passed down between generations of Deaf people.MASL p 140, 141
104L Classroom Exercise Vote Go to college Marry Have email Go to a party What’s the best age?At what age do people do the following things?An example is provided. (See picture top of Pg. 142)VoteGo to collegeMarryHaveGo to a partyLearn ASLGraduate high schoolLearn to skiStart schoolWorkHave childrenGet a driver’s licenseGraduate collegeUnderstand lifeLearn to read and writep 142
105L Classroom Exercise Drive tired Visit grandparents Be absent Be nice People should… What should or shouldn’t people do?Drive tiredBe absentMarry youngLike their familyHave a cat or dogVisit grandparentsBe nicePractice signingHelp old peopleBe meanp 142
106Vocabulary Life Events But College To get (something) To graduate High schoolLicenseTo pass down, descendantsShouldto voteNOTEThe differences between need and should is the NMS.Raise your eyebrows with should.MASL p 142
107Narrative: My Family DVD My Family. Watch Kris sign in full motion on your student DVD.(See pictures on Pg. 143)P 39
108M Classroom Exercise Comprehension. Respond to the following questions based on the narrative My Family.What does Kris mean when she uses this sign? (See Picture middle of Pg. 143)Are Kris’ great-grandparents still alive?What old sign does Kris like? What does it mean?What two questions does Kris ask?p 143
109Deaf Culture MinuteAll languages, including signed languages, change over time.You can see an example of this by comparing the two signs for telephone in Kris’ family portrait.Think about the sign drive:What kind of signs can you think of that might have been used when people rode in a Model T?What about when riding in a carriage?MASL p 143
110Homework Exercise 4Practice signing Kris’ family portrait in ASL, focus on facial expressions, pauses, and a smooth delivery. Prepare to sign My Family to your classmates.Write an accurate translation of My Family in English. What differences do you see between the ASL and English versions?Write Kris’ family portrait in ASL gloss.P 143
113Lesson SevenMASL ppFriends & Relationships; Friendship Patterns in the Deaf Community; Plural form of To GoOutcomes:Communicates about friends and relationships;Understands the origin and value of life-long friendships between Deaf individuals;Incorporates the plural form of to go as needed while communicating.
114Friends & Relationships The sign for good-friend can be interpreted several ways, including ‘best friend’ and “buddy”.Similarly, best-friend is often used to describe a close relationship.p 144
115Friends & Relationships Dialogue TranslationKris: Hey, how’s it going?Sean: Hi, how are you? this is my buddy Marc. We’ve been close since we were kids.Kris: Oh, I see. Nice to meet you! Are you visiting?Marc: Yeah, I live in Los Angeles.p 144
116Classroom ExerciseNDialogue 1. Practice signing the dialogue above with a partner. Use your imagination to expand the dialogue with at least two new sentences and a conclusion.Dialogue 2. Create a dialogue with a partner in which you discuss your friends. Who are you close to? For how long? Why are you friends.p 144
117O Classroom Exercise Translation. Sign the following sentences in ASL. She is my friend. Her name is Aundrea.Do you want to get together tonight?I’ve known him for four years.I met my sweetheart at work.He wants to go out with her but she can’t.On Saturday we are going to the beach.We’ve been buddies since we were 7 years old.My good friend is named___?____.I have/ don’t have a ____?____.We want to get together ___?___.p 145
118Classroom ExerciseOInformation Exchange Ask a partner the following questions in ASL; when done, switch roles and repeat the exercise.Do you have a boyfriend/girlfriend? Single/married?What is your best friend’s name?How long have you known your best friend?Do you like to get together with friends?Who do you want to go out with?p 145
119Vocabulary Friendship Best-friend Boyfriend To get together Girlfriend To go out, leaveGood friendSince (for)To be singleSweetheart, honeyMASL p 145
120Deaf Culture NOTE MASL DVD Friendship Patterns in the Deaf Community Having many lifelong friendships is a common experience for people who belong to small, tight-knit communities.Long-lasting friendships between deaf people often begin at schools for the Deaf and continue through college, marriage, and old age., videophones and class reunions are just a few ways Deaf individuals stay in contact with each other.Newcomers to an area are quickly welcomed and form close friendships as well, especially if the individual actively participates in Deaf community events.MASL p146
121NOTEDeaf CultureMASL DVD Friendship Patterns in the Deaf CommunityHistorically, these deep bonds were formed by the shared experience of being deaf in a predominantly hearing world.Hearing people are welcome in the Deaf community as long as the language and culture of the Deaf are respected, and hearing individuals who sign fluently can easily form friendships with Deaf individuals.How does this differ from your own experience?What benefits do you think the Deaf community gains from being close-knit?Any drawbacks?MASL p146
122Classroom ExercisePWhat did you say? Fill in the blanks with signs chosen from the lists below. Use your imagination to make complete sentences.Open your MASL book to p146 for this activity.p 146
123Accent StepsThe sign since also means “for.” but only when signing about a period of time: “I’ve known him for five years” uses since, but not “tell her for me.”Since is considered a when sign, meaning that depending on the context, it may need to be used with topic-comment structure.MASL p147
124ASL Up Close Conjugating Verbs: To Go The basic from of the verb to go to is modified when used in the plural form.To go to = (both 1 hands move forward)Singular: I go, you go, he/she/it goesThey’re going home. ( both C hands move group forward)Plural: we go, you go (a group of you), they goMASL p 147
125Classroom ExercisePTo Go. Use the singular or plural form of to go to when completing the sentence prompt.I want to go to…They’re going to….Do you want to go to…We don’t want to go to…They go…You (plural) go…I don’t want to go to…We go…They don’t go…They go to…p 146
126Accent Steps Don’t confuse the signs love and love-it. Love is used for romantic emotions,while love-it shows an emotional or sentimental attachment to a person or thing.MASL p148
127Vocabulary Relationships To argue To date To fall in love To flirt To get alongLoveRelationshipTogether, be togetherMASL p 149
128Accent StepsThis is one of the more common signs for to break up, though there are many others. Look closely at relationship: How could you make break up using this sign?MASL p149
129EXPRESSION Verbal Fight CORNER ASL distinguishes between a literal, physical fight and a heated exchange of words, known as a verbal-fight.Look closely at the sign: can you see why the sign is appropriate in a signed confrontation? How do you know?CORNER
130Classroom ExerciseQ1.Relationships. Sign each of the following sentences in ASL.Tim fell in love with Angela but they are not dating.I have a date on Saturday. Do you?No, I think they broke up.My older brother loves to flirt.I get along with my parents.She argued with her best friend. Now, they don’t get along.Should I date her?I love my sweetheart.Do you want to go out with us?They’ve been together for three years.p 148
131Classroom ExerciseQ2.Non-manual signals. Using only facial expressions and non-manual signals for the meanings shown in bold, how would you sign each concept? Work with a partner and make a list of the ways you can modify the meaning of each sign.To argue (a lot)To fall in love (repeatedly)To break up (pleased)To be together (for a long time)To flirt (too strongly)To go out (often)To be single (happily)To be single (unhappily)To argue ( a big argument)To get along with (not by choice)p 148
132Classroom ExerciseQ3.Sign selection. Sign each of the following sentences in ASL.Yesterday I _____ with my _______.They do/don’t ______.We ______ to go to the movies tonight.He ______ with her.On Friday I did /didn’t fight with my ________.They _____?I _____ ______.Are you _______.ArgueDateVerbal-fightParentsBrotherSisterFriendGirl/boy friendWantDon’t wantFlirtBreak upFall in loveTogetherRelationshipGood friendp 148
133Homework Exercise 5What do you and your friends do during the weekend? Prepare to sign a narrative describing an ideal weekend. What would you do?Develop a logical story from the information learned in each illustration. Each story must have a minimum of five complete sentences. Prepare to sign your story in ASL to your classmates.Write assignment A or B in gloss.P 149
135Lesson Eight I want to know…How Do I Fix Mistakes? Outcomes: MASL ppI want to know…How Do I Fix Mistakes?Outcomes:Integrates self-correction strategies while communicating, including OOPS, UM, and WAVE-NO;Understands one does not need to “erase” signs or incorporate unnecessary exaggeration when making a correction.
136I Want to Know… How do I fix mistakes? Mistakes are guaranteed to happen, whether you are fluent in a language or not.Knowing how to correct mistakes is an important part of using language well.ASL has several ways to help correct mistakes: the most common corrections are oops and wave-no.When you make a mistake, use either sign and continue signing.You don’t need to over-emphasize the signs or exaggerate facial expressions.MASL p 150
137I Want to Know… How do I fix mistakes? The sign um shows one is thinking of what to say or trying to remember something.It is also a visual cue to inform those watching the conversation that the signer isn’t done.Wave-no has several uses in ASL: it draws attention to a mistake and also serves as a ‘stronger’ no than the sign no.use wave-no to correct information (“No, I’m not from California.”),to refuse something (“No, I don’t want that.”)or to signal an objection (“No you’re wrong.”)MASL p 150
138R Classroom Exercise Open your MASL book to p. 151 for this activity.
140Lesson Nine Pronouns & Number; Eyes on ASL#10:Pronoun Agreement MASL ppPronouns & Number; Eyes on ASL#10:Pronoun AgreementOutcomes:Can incorporate pronouns into communication;Understands the concept of pronoun and number agreement;Modifies pronoun use according to the context.
141Pronouns IIIn Units 1 and 3 you learned signs for pronouns and possessive pronouns.In this sections, you will learn that ASL has a group of pronouns that incorporate number as well.Compare the ASL and English versions of the dialogue below, paying attention to the way ASL identifies an exact number of individuals while English does not.p 152
142Pronouns II Dialogue Translation Kris: What did you do over the weekend?Sean: On Friday some friends and I went out. What did you do?Kris: We visited my grandparents.Sean: Oh, how are they?p 152
143Classroom ExerciseSDialogue 1. Practice signing the dialogue with a partner. Add a greeting, farewell, and at least two new details.Dialogue 2. What pronoun signs do you see in this dialogue? What do they mean? Create a new dialogue with a partner using these pronouns.P 152
144ASL Up Close Pronouns and Number Use the ASL pronoun that shows the particular number of people being talked about whenever possible.When the exact number is unknown, use the general pronouns, we, us or they.Otherwise use the following pronouns that refer to a specific number of people.MASL p 153
145ASL Up Close Pronouns and Number We-2, we-3, we-4, (up to 8) You-2, you-3, you-4, (up to 8)They-2, they-3, they-4, (up to 8)MASL p 153
146Eyes on ASL #10MASL DVDWhen using ASL pronouns, the pronoun sign must match the number of individuals talked about.When If you don’t know how many subjects there are, then use the generic we, you (plural), and they signs.MASL p 153
147Classroom ExerciseT1.Pronoun drill. What is the correct pronoun sign?Those fourYou and meYou threeYou and herThese fiveThe six of themYou, me, and himShe and IThe five of youThose twoUs fiveTwo of themUs twoYou twoP 153
148Classroom ExerciseT2.Using Pronouns. Sign each sentence in ASL using the correct pronoun.Those two are dating.The four of us are sick.Are you and she in a relationship?You three need to study.Those two and those two don’t get along.You and I need help.Five of us work on Sunday.For 8-10 create a sentence using the given pronoun.You and himThose threeThese twoP 153
149Classroom ExerciseT3.Who? Create a sentence using the information provided. Use the Signer” position to select the pronoun that best fits the situation. An example is provided.Open your MASL book to p. 154 for this activity.P 154
150Homework Exercise 6You’ve been invited to join a group of friends, each of whom is doing something different on the weekend. Explain what each group is doing and which group you want to join. Use at least three ASL pronouns and sign a minimum of 5 sentences.Write your sentences for Assignment A in ASLgloss.P 154
151T U Classroom Exercise Classroom Exercise 1. Conversation. Fill in the blanks with an ASL pronoun that completes the sentence.Open your MASL book to p. 155 for this activity.P 155
152T U Classroom Exercise Classroom Exercise 2. Non-manual signals. Below are several important non-manual signals. Practice each, paying special attention to the nose, eyebrows, mouth, and lips. Have you noticed your teacher using these NMS?Open your MASL book to p. 155 for this activity.P 155
154Lesson TenMASL ppDescribing Physical & Personal Qualities; Friends NarrativeOutcomes:Communicates about the physical and personal characteristics of friends and other individuals;Integrates facial expressions with specific qualities;Comprehends the material in the Friends narrative.
155Describing QualitiesIn this section you will learn to describe physical and personality traits.Notice that Sean raises his eyebrows for the sign why, while Kelly uses the WH-Face.What do you think this means?p 156
156Describing Qualities Dialogue Translation Kris: Why are the two of you friends?Sean: I love my best friend because she’s always funny, she’s friendly, likes to go out, and is easy-going.p 156
157Vocabulary Physical Qualities To be cute To be pretty To smile To be uglyMASL p156
158Classroom ExerciseV1.Dialogue 1. Practice signing the dialogue with a partner. Expand the dialogue by adding material before and after the sentences above.2.Dialgoue 2. Create a dialogue with a partner in which you both explain several characteristics of one or more friends.P 156
159Vocabulary Personal Qualities To annoy, bother To be annoyed To be arrogantTo be friendlyTo be funnyTo laughTo be meanTo be mischievousTo be shyTo be sweetMASL p157
160Classroom ExerciseW1.What are you like? Ask a partner which qualities apply to him/her. When done switch roles and repeat the exercise. An example is provided.Are you shy?Like to smileMeanShyCuteEasy-goingLike to go outArrogantFriendlyPrettyMischievousLike to annoy peopleFunnyP 157
161Classroom ExerciseW2.Dialogue 3. Work with a partner to develop a dialogue between two signers that features at least five vocabulary words from the list below (Personal Qualities). Prepare to sig your dialogue in front of your classmates. Use correct ASL grammar, facial expressions, and remember that the dialogue must make sense.P 157
162Narrative: FriendsWatch Kelly sign in full motion on your student DVD.I have two best friends since I was 6.One is Leon and the other is Rae……P 158
163Classroom ExerciseXComprehension. Respond to the questions based on the friends narrative.How old was Kelly when she met Leon and Rae?Are the three friends Deaf?What do they do every day?Why did Leon dive into the Deaf world?How does Leon show Kelly and Rae that he’s dived into the Deaf world?P 158
164Y Classroom Exercise 1.Dialogue. Your are single and your parents are waiting for grandchildren, so they want to introduce you to an eligible candidate.You, however, must present reasons why you are not interested in this person.Working with a partner, develop a dialogue between two or three signers.P 158
165Y Classroom Exercise Open your MASL book to p. 158 for this activity. 2.No, she isn’t...Respond to what a partner says about an individual following the clues provided. Use wave-no or yes as needed.Open your MASL book to p. 158 for this activity.P 158
166Y Classroom Exercise Handsome Amusing Cheerful Repulsive Delinquent 3. Multiple meaningsWhat do you think the signs are for the following terms? Create a sentence using the corresponding sign.HandsomeAmusingCheerfulRepulsiveDelinquentEagarPessimisticDumbOptimisticAssertiveIntelligentKindP 158
167EXPRESSION CORNER Dive-in and Deaf World Dive-in describes someone who becomes completely involved with an activity or group. It often refers to hearing individuals who learn ASL and socialize with the Deaf community.Deaf World refers to the Deaf community’s clubs, sporting competitions, and social events where Deaf people form the majority and ASL is the language everybody knows, uses, and cherishes.CORNER
168Homework Exercise 7Who is your best friend? Explain how and when the two of you met, and include information about his or her character. What do you do together? Prepare to present this information to you classmates in ASL, in a minimum of five complete sentences.Write an ASL gloss of the Friends narrative.Practice signing Kelly’s Friends presentation, focusing on smooth, clear signing, appropriate facial expressions, eye contact, and pauses.P 159
169Vocabulary More Qualities To be boring To be interesting To be lazy To be motivatedTo be negativeTo be outgoingTo be positiveTo be smartTo be stupidTo work hardMASL p 159
170Z Classroom Exercise Opposites. Open your MASL book to p. 160. Use Shoulder-Shifting to compare each illustration. An example is provided.Open your MASL book to p. 160 for this activity.P 160
171Homework Exercise 8What qualities would the ideal friend have and not have? Using contrastive structure and the Listing & Ordering Technique, describe in detail the qualities of these two individuals. Prepare to sign you presentation to your classmates. You should have a minimum of 8 sentences.Write an ASL gloss of the sentences signed in Assignment A.P 160
173JournalMASL p 161Personal writing in response to stimulus questions; engaging in argumentative and I or persuasive writingOutcomes:Writes a personal reflection and hypothesizes about life as a coda;Engages in argumentative writing on whether it is easier or harder to be Deaf with hearing parents or Deaf with Deaf parents;Forms a persuasive argument about using ASL with Deaf babies;Analyzes and critiques Ann Silver’s Cliff’s Notetakers: Deaf Culture artwork.
174Journal ActivitiesWhat do you think it would be like to have Deaf parents?Imagine the life of a coda and compare it with your own.In what ways would you life be different?How would it be the same?What do you think it would be like to be a Deaf parent with hearing children?MASL p 161
175Journal ActivitiesCompare the benefits and drawbacks of being Deaf with hearing [parents, and Deaf with Deaf parents.What benefits does each arrangement have?Any drawbacks?Is one easier than the other?Why or why not?MASL p 161
176Journal ActivitiesA hearing couple you know has given birth to a Deaf baby and are unsure about the pros and cons about using ASL.Write a letter t this couple and explain both the manual and oral perspectives on the issue in order to educate them.Why do some parents choose not to learn ASL and others do?Should parents learn to sign, or should Deaf children be raised to speak?What are the pros and cons of each perspective?MASL p 161
177Journal ActivitiesIf you were writing the Table of Contents appearing in Ann Silver’s Cliff’s Notetakers: Deaf Culture book, what topics would you include?What should people know about Deaf Culture?Do you have any questions about Deaf culture, ASL, or deafness you would like answered?What are they?MASL p 161
178Deaf Culture Notes DCN Deaf Family Dynamics pg 134 DCN Friendship Patterns in the Deaf CommunityPg 146
179DCNWhat is one of the first things Deaf people will ask hearing people when they begin to socialize at Deaf events?Why does it seem odd that a hearing person would be studying ASL?What is the ‘sign’ situation at home for most Deaf people?Why is it more likely that a mom or a sister would learn to sign?
180DCNWhen a Deaf person asks you “Why are you learning sign?” what is the deeper interest that they are looking for?How does the Deaf community generally feel about hearing people learning to sign?Now that ASL is becoming more accepted, what is happening for more and more Deaf children?Note: the rest of this assignment continues on pg 146
181DCNWhat is a common experience for those belonging to small tight-knit communities?Where do most long term deaf friendships begin? Why do you think this is so?What are some of the ways that Deaf people keep in contact with each other over the years?How are newcomers treated?
182DCNWhat is the greatest shared experience that bonds most deaf friendships?Hearing people are welcomed into these tight communities as long as they do what?What benefits do you think the Deaf community gains from being close-knit?What drawback could there be?
183Incomplete or substandard work will not be accepted. Your paper will not be accepted if you do not follow this format.Culture AssignmentDUE NEXT TUESDAYSTART OF CLASSName, date and period on upper right corner of paper.Title “DCN-Family and Friends”Everything must be typed.Questions from the previous slides.Answers must be separate from questions.We have already discussed the answers in class so this should be easy for you.Incomplete or substandard work will not be accepted.Estimated time = 20 min
184Focus: The Deaf Experience and the Arts What did George Veditz say?What is the definition of art?Deaf culture cherishes the _____ and the _____ mode of communication.Who is Chuck Baird? (give details)
185Focus: The Deaf Experience and the Arts What are two well-known Deaf theater groups?What do these groups feature?With whom are the Deaf theater groups popular?
186Focus: The Deaf Experience and the Arts What type of artwork did Douglas Tilden create?What is his work renowned for?Where is The Bear Hunt located?
187Focus: The Deaf Experience and the Arts Tell me about Tony Landon McGregor.
188Focus: The Deaf Experience and the Arts What are some famous plays and movies about the Deaf?Who are some famous Deaf actors we have seen or learned about in this class?
189Focus: The Deaf Experience and the Arts What does the artwork of Dr. Betty Miller highlight?What is the value of the hands in Deaf art?
190Incomplete or substandard work will not be accepted. Your paper will not be accepted if you do not follow this format.Culture AssignmentDUE NEXT TUESDAYSTART OF CLASSName, date and period on paper.Title “Focus: The Deaf Experience and the Arts”Everything must be typed.Answers must be separate from questions.Questions from the previous slides.We have already discussed the answers in class so this should be easy for you.Incomplete or substandard work will not be accepted.Estimated time = 20 min